External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank, International Debt Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China $1,962,300,000,000.00 2018
2 Brazil $557,823,000,000.00 2018
3 India $521,391,000,000.00 2018
4 Russia $453,938,000,000.00 2018
5 Mexico $452,991,000,000.00 2018
6 Turkey $445,139,000,000.00 2018
7 Indonesia $369,840,000,000.00 2018
8 Argentina $280,516,000,000.00 2018
9 South Africa $179,306,000,000.00 2018
10 Thailand $169,241,000,000.00 2018
11 Kazakhstan $156,921,000,000.00 2018
12 Venezuela $154,898,000,000.00 2018
13 Colombia $134,940,000,000.00 2018
14 Ukraine $114,512,000,000.00 2018
15 Romania $112,116,000,000.00 2018
16 Vietnam $108,096,000,000.00 2018
17 Egypt $98,704,880,000.00 2018
18 Pakistan $90,957,390,000.00 2018
19 Lebanon $79,344,600,000.00 2018
20 Philippines $78,824,370,000.00 2018
21 Peru $66,697,380,000.00 2018
22 Angola $54,563,360,000.00 2018
23 Sri Lanka $52,626,030,000.00 2018
24 Bangladesh $52,124,150,000.00 2018
25 Morocco $49,029,430,000.00 2018
26 Nigeria $46,237,680,000.00 2018
27 Ecuador $45,018,580,000.00 2018
28 Bulgaria $39,873,910,000.00 2018
29 Belarus $38,843,660,000.00 2018
30 Tunisia $34,662,600,000.00 2018
31 Serbia $34,338,970,000.00 2018
32 Dominican Republic $33,905,100,000.00 2018
33 Jordan $32,044,520,000.00 2018
34 Kenya $31,511,130,000.00 2018
35 Mongolia $29,376,550,000.00 2018
36 Ethiopia $28,026,980,000.00 2018
37 Costa Rica $27,818,990,000.00 2018
38 Ghana $23,315,030,000.00 2018
39 Guatemala $22,348,720,000.00 2018
40 Sudan $21,595,900,000.00 2018
41 Zambia $19,116,040,000.00 2018
42 Tanzania $18,584,990,000.00 2018
43 Papua New Guinea $17,718,400,000.00 2018
44 Uzbekistan $17,629,840,000.00 2018
45 El Salvador $17,486,210,000.00 2018
46 Georgia $17,118,120,000.00 2018
47 Jamaica $16,306,730,000.00 2018
48 Azerbaijan $16,212,180,000.00 2018
49 Bosnia and Herzegovina $15,824,210,000.00 2018
50 Paraguay $15,806,120,000.00 2018
51 Côte d'Ivoire $15,659,660,000.00 2018
52 Lao PDR $15,587,690,000.00 2018
53 Cambodia $15,335,710,000.00 2018
54 Mozambique $15,217,630,000.00 2018
55 Myanmar $14,935,770,000.00 2018
56 Bolivia $13,280,190,000.00 2018
57 Senegal $12,485,020,000.00 2018
58 Uganda $12,330,460,000.00 2018
59 Zimbabwe $12,286,240,000.00 2018
60 Nicaragua $11,617,610,000.00 2018
61 Cameroon $11,493,280,000.00 2018
62 Mauritius $11,207,480,000.00 2018
63 Armenia $11,018,780,000.00 2018
64 Albania $10,121,920,000.00 2018
65 Honduras $9,547,918,000.00 2018
66 North Macedonia $8,744,240,000.00 2018
67 Kyrgyz Republic $8,119,653,000.00 2018
68 Montenegro $7,859,515,000.00 2018
69 Moldova $7,295,939,000.00 2018
70 Yemen $7,036,568,000.00 2018
71 Gabon $6,766,550,000.00 2018
72 Iran $6,323,876,000.00 2018
73 Tajikistan $5,976,520,000.00 2018
74 Algeria $5,710,422,000.00 2018
75 Rwanda $5,488,383,000.00 2018
76 Nepal $5,478,097,000.00 2018
77 Congo $5,147,314,000.00 2018
78 Mauritania $4,983,912,000.00 2018
79 Dem. Rep. Congo $4,973,911,000.00 2018
80 Mali $4,896,228,000.00 2018
81 Syrian Arab Republic $4,589,087,000.00 2018
82 Madagascar $3,716,242,000.00 2018
83 Benin $3,690,589,000.00 2018
84 Burkina Faso $3,285,715,000.00 2018
85 Djibouti $3,264,072,000.00 2018
86 Niger $3,260,011,000.00 2018
87 Chad $3,242,402,000.00 2018
88 Somalia $2,932,003,000.00 2018
89 Afghanistan $2,605,358,000.00 2018
90 Bhutan $2,549,154,000.00 2018
91 Malawi $2,265,973,000.00 2018
92 Haiti $2,212,836,000.00 2018
93 Togo $1,760,687,000.00 2018
94 Botswana $1,748,737,000.00 2018
95 Cabo Verde $1,735,388,000.00 2018
96 Sierra Leone $1,712,917,000.00 2018
97 Guinea $1,698,671,000.00 2018
98 Guyana $1,609,079,000.00 2018
99 Belize $1,380,013,000.00 2018
100 Liberia $1,255,922,000.00 2018
101 Lesotho $914,773,700.00 2018
102 Turkmenistan $907,329,300.00 2018
103 Fiji $851,797,600.00 2018
104 Eritrea $791,223,100.00 2018
105 Central African Republic $778,900,300.00 2018
106 The Gambia $681,391,000.00 2018
107 Grenada $644,940,400.00 2018
108 St. Lucia $615,753,500.00 2018
109 Burundi $589,342,900.00 2018
110 Eswatini $509,242,800.00 2018
111 Samoa $427,480,200.00 2018
112 Guinea-Bissau $420,706,800.00 2018
113 Vanuatu $402,236,800.00 2018
114 Solomon Islands $388,511,200.00 2018
115 St. Vincent and the Grenadines $328,202,000.00 2018
116 Dominica $279,158,600.00 2018
117 São Tomé and Principe $249,636,800.00 2018
118 Comoros $191,133,500.00 2018
119 Tonga $188,682,700.00 2018
120 Timor-Leste $158,056,500.00 2018

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Development Relevance: External indebtedness affects a country's creditworthiness and investor perceptions. Nonreporting countries might have outstanding debt with the World Bank, other international financial institutions, or private creditors. Total debt service is contrasted with countries' ability to obtain foreign exchange through exports of goods, services, primary income, and workers' remittances. Debt ratios are used to assess the sustainability of a country's debt service obligations, but no absolute rules determine what values are too high. Empirical analysis of developing countries' experience and debt service performance shows that debt service difficulties become increasingly likely when the present value of debt reaches 200 percent of exports. Still, what constitutes a sustainable debt burden varies by country. Countries with fast-growing economies and exports are likely to be able to sustain higher debt levels.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on external debt are gathered through the World Bank's Debtor Reporting System (DRS). Long term debt data are compiled using the countries report on public and publicly guaranteed borrowing on a loan-by-loan basis and private non guaranteed borrowing on an aggregate basis. These data are supplemented by information from major multilateral banks and official lending agencies in major creditor countries. Short-term debt data are gathered from the Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database, jointly developed by the World Bank and the IMF and from creditors through the reporting systems of the Bank for International Settlements. Debt data are reported in the currency of repayment and compiled and published in U.S. dollars. End-of-period exchange rates are used for the compilation of stock figures (amount of debt outstanding), and projected debt service and annual average exchange rates are used for the flows. Exchange rates are taken from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Debt repayable in multiple currencies, goods, or services and debt with a provision for maintenance of the value of the currency of repayment are shown at book value.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual