External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank, International Debt Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China $1,962,300,000,000.00 2018
2 India $521,391,000,000.00 2018
3 Russia $453,938,000,000.00 2018
4 Turkey $445,139,000,000.00 2018
5 Indonesia $369,840,000,000.00 2018
6 Thailand $169,241,000,000.00 2018
7 Kazakhstan $156,921,000,000.00 2018
8 Vietnam $108,096,000,000.00 2018
9 Pakistan $90,957,390,000.00 2018
10 Lebanon $79,344,600,000.00 2018
11 Philippines $78,824,370,000.00 2018
12 Sri Lanka $52,626,030,000.00 2018
13 Bangladesh $52,124,150,000.00 2018
14 Jordan $32,044,520,000.00 2018
15 Mongolia $29,376,550,000.00 2018
16 Uzbekistan $17,629,840,000.00 2018
17 Georgia $17,118,120,000.00 2018
18 Azerbaijan $16,212,180,000.00 2018
19 Lao PDR $15,587,690,000.00 2018
20 Cambodia $15,335,710,000.00 2018
21 Myanmar $14,935,770,000.00 2018
22 Armenia $11,018,780,000.00 2018
23 Kyrgyz Republic $8,119,653,000.00 2018
24 Yemen $7,036,568,000.00 2018
25 Iran $6,323,876,000.00 2018
26 Tajikistan $5,976,520,000.00 2018
27 Nepal $5,478,097,000.00 2018
28 Syrian Arab Republic $4,589,087,000.00 2018
29 Afghanistan $2,605,358,000.00 2018
30 Bhutan $2,549,154,000.00 2018
31 Turkmenistan $907,329,300.00 2018
32 Timor-Leste $158,056,500.00 2018

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Development Relevance: External indebtedness affects a country's creditworthiness and investor perceptions. Nonreporting countries might have outstanding debt with the World Bank, other international financial institutions, or private creditors. Total debt service is contrasted with countries' ability to obtain foreign exchange through exports of goods, services, primary income, and workers' remittances. Debt ratios are used to assess the sustainability of a country's debt service obligations, but no absolute rules determine what values are too high. Empirical analysis of developing countries' experience and debt service performance shows that debt service difficulties become increasingly likely when the present value of debt reaches 200 percent of exports. Still, what constitutes a sustainable debt burden varies by country. Countries with fast-growing economies and exports are likely to be able to sustain higher debt levels.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on external debt are gathered through the World Bank's Debtor Reporting System (DRS). Long term debt data are compiled using the countries report on public and publicly guaranteed borrowing on a loan-by-loan basis and private non guaranteed borrowing on an aggregate basis. These data are supplemented by information from major multilateral banks and official lending agencies in major creditor countries. Short-term debt data are gathered from the Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database, jointly developed by the World Bank and the IMF and from creditors through the reporting systems of the Bank for International Settlements. Debt data are reported in the currency of repayment and compiled and published in U.S. dollars. End-of-period exchange rates are used for the compilation of stock figures (amount of debt outstanding), and projected debt service and annual average exchange rates are used for the flows. Exchange rates are taken from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Debt repayable in multiple currencies, goods, or services and debt with a provision for maintenance of the value of the currency of repayment are shown at book value.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual