Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments database, supplemented by data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and official national sources.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 479,415,000,000.00 2016
2 United Kingdom 292,993,000,000.00 2016
3 China 170,557,000,000.00 2016
4 Netherlands 153,975,000,000.00 2016
5 Hong Kong SAR, China 117,110,000,000.00 2016
6 Ireland 79,163,350,000.00 2016
7 Brazil 78,167,240,000.00 2016
8 Hungary 68,714,590,000.00 2016
9 Singapore 61,596,850,000.00 2016
10 Germany 52,474,200,000.00 2016
11 Cayman Islands 44,967,700,000.00 2016
12 India 44,458,570,000.00 2016
13 Australia 42,049,400,000.00 2016
14 Belgium 37,013,230,000.00 2016
15 France 35,407,750,000.00 2016
16 Japan 34,904,740,000.00 2016
17 Mexico 33,930,240,000.00 2016
18 Russia 32,538,900,000.00 2016
19 Spain 32,116,530,000.00 2016
20 Canada 32,106,340,000.00 2016
21 Luxembourg 26,857,370,000.00 2016
22 Italy 18,352,050,000.00 2016
23 Kazakhstan 16,975,090,000.00 2016
24 Poland 16,758,000,000.00 2016
25 Sweden 15,331,630,000.00 2016
26 Colombia 13,726,440,000.00 2016
27 Malaysia 13,515,800,000.00 2016
28 Vietnam 12,600,000,000.00 2016
29 Turkey 12,307,000,000.00 2016
30 Chile 12,225,430,000.00 2016
31 Israel 11,902,600,000.00 2016
32 Korea 10,826,600,000.00 2016
33 Portugal 9,214,151,000.00 2016
34 United Arab Emirates 8,985,705,000.00 2016
35 Egypt 8,106,800,000.00 2016
36 Philippines 7,979,567,000.00 2016
37 Saudi Arabia 7,452,533,000.00 2016
38 Peru 6,862,893,000.00 2016
39 Czech Republic 6,497,344,000.00 2016
40 Denmark 6,407,141,000.00 2016
41 Panama 5,994,600,000.00 2016
42 Romania 5,372,961,000.00 2016
43 Turkmenistan 4,522,482,000.00 2016
44 Azerbaijan 4,499,666,000.00 2016
45 Nigeria 4,434,648,000.00 2016
46 Indonesia 4,142,203,000.00 2016
47 Angola 4,104,423,000.00 2016
48 Ethiopia 3,988,953,000.00 2016
49 Slovak Republic 3,548,473,000.00 2016
50 Ghana 3,485,333,000.00 2016
51 Ukraine 3,441,000,000.00 2016
52 Iran 3,372,000,000.00 2016
53 Myanmar 3,278,096,000.00 2016
54 Argentina 3,260,164,000.00 2016
55 Mozambique 3,128,150,000.00 2016
56 Thailand 3,063,235,000.00 2016
57 Greece 3,060,785,000.00 2016
58 Costa Rica 2,935,114,000.00 2016
59 Lebanon 2,610,182,000.00 2016
60 Cyprus 2,607,133,000.00 2016
61 Dominican Republic 2,522,500,000.00 2016
62 Malta 2,438,454,000.00 2016
63 Pakistan 2,324,000,000.00 2016
64 Morocco 2,318,279,000.00 2016
65 Serbia 2,300,135,000.00 2016
66 Cambodia 2,287,034,000.00 2016
67 South Africa 2,250,191,000.00 2016
68 Congo 2,006,000,000.00 2016
69 New Zealand 1,934,891,000.00 2016
70 Bangladesh 1,908,268,000.00 2016
71 Croatia 1,864,322,000.00 2016
72 Oman 1,680,895,000.00 2016
73 Algeria 1,637,371,000.00 2016
74 Georgia 1,588,458,000.00 2016
75 Venezuela 1,587,000,000.00 2016
76 Zambia 1,575,049,000.00 2016
77 Jordan 1,538,873,000.00 2016
78 Guinea 1,511,611,000.00 2016
79 New Caledonia 1,498,476,000.00 2016
80 Syrian Arab Republic 1,469,197,000.00 2010
81 Slovenia 1,461,635,000.00 2016
82 Tanzania 1,365,388,000.00 2016
83 Belarus 1,246,900,000.00 2016
84 Dem. Rep. Congo 1,204,709,000.00 2016
85 Bulgaria 1,179,040,000.00 2016
86 Guatemala 1,174,500,000.00 2016
87 Honduras 1,128,940,000.00 2016
88 Albania 1,087,540,000.00 2016
89 Sudan 1,063,768,000.00 2016
90 Lao PDR 997,439,400.00 2016
91 Lithuania 962,297,500.00 2016
92 Jamaica 927,976,700.00 2016
93 Sri Lanka 898,083,800.00 2016
94 Nicaragua 887,800,000.00 2016
95 Qatar 773,901,100.00 2016
96 Ecuador 754,615,900.00 2016
97 Estonia 741,621,600.00 2016
98 Gabon 703,194,600.00 2016
99 Tunisia 695,100,900.00 2016
100 Chad 559,857,500.00 2016
101 Macedonia 549,371,100.00 2016
102 Madagascar 540,842,800.00 2016
103 Uganda 522,638,500.00 2016
104 Sierra Leone 516,000,000.00 2016
105 Libya 492,556,000.00 2016
106 El Salvador 486,478,300.00 2016
107 Côte d'Ivoire 481,027,700.00 2016
108 Kyrgyz Republic 466,372,200.00 2016
109 Liberia 453,180,000.00 2016
110 Paraguay 411,466,000.00 2016
111 Kenya 393,359,400.00 2016
112 Senegal 392,815,600.00 2016
113 Mauritius 349,418,600.00 2016
114 Tajikistan 344,147,200.00 2016
115 Zimbabwe 343,013,800.00 2016
116 Somalia 339,000,000.00 2016
117 Armenia 338,115,200.00 2016
118 Bolivia 332,270,900.00 2016
119 Malawi 325,632,800.00 2016
120 Macao SAR, China 310,523,200.00 2016
121 Burkina Faso 308,723,300.00 2016
122 Namibia 301,387,000.00 2016
123 Niger 292,834,900.00 2016
124 Kuwait 291,958,800.00 2016
125 Bahrain 281,914,900.00 2016
126 Bosnia and Herzegovina 272,521,300.00 2016
127 Mauritania 271,134,800.00 2016
128 Fiji 269,507,600.00 2016
129 Togo 254,938,400.00 2016
130 Rwanda 254,451,700.00 2016
131 Latvia 243,503,900.00 2016
132 Barbados 228,292,000.00 2016
133 Montenegro 226,666,600.00 2016
134 Suriname 174,273,000.00 2016
135 Benin 160,585,200.00 2016
136 Djibouti 159,998,900.00 2016
137 Iraq 146,400,000.00 2016
138 Cameroon 128,202,300.00 2016
139 Mali 125,530,900.00 2016
140 Cabo Verde 114,223,600.00 2016
141 Nepal 105,996,400.00 2016
142 Haiti 104,900,000.00 2016
143 Afghanistan 98,995,720.00 2016
144 St. Lucia 95,992,570.00 2016
145 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 93,023,000.00 2016
146 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 91,413,020.00 2016
147 Grenada 91,261,710.00 2016
148 Moldova 90,970,000.00 2016
149 Seychelles 86,416,690.00 2016
150 St. Kitts and Nevis 84,477,920.00 2016
151 Lesotho 80,434,060.00 2016
152 The Bahamas 73,723,570.00 2016
153 Uzbekistan 66,502,370.00 2016
154 Guyana 58,000,000.00 2016
155 Equatorial Guinea 53,962,170.00 2016
156 Eritrea 52,305,380.00 2016
157 Antigua and Barbuda 48,937,180.00 2016
158 Solomon Islands 37,343,620.00 2016
159 Belize 32,733,410.00 2016
160 Dominica 31,614,190.00 2016
161 Central African Republic 31,196,880.00 2016
162 Vanuatu 31,021,250.00 2015
163 Palau 30,826,000.00 2016
164 Swaziland 27,049,950.00 2016
165 São Tomé and Principe 22,152,090.00 2016
166 Guinea-Bissau 19,582,210.00 2016
167 Botswana 10,476,240.00 2016
168 Tonga 8,855,570.00 2016
169 Bhutan 8,075,839.00 2016
170 Comoros 8,015,631.00 2016
171 Timor-Leste 5,478,700.00 2016
172 Samoa 2,339,227.00 2016
173 Kiribati 2,065,230.00 2016
174 Tuvalu 223,000.00 2016
175 Burundi 55,420.36 2016
176 Nauru 0.00 2016
177 The Gambia -1,526,519.00 2016
178 Papua New Guinea -39,769,820.00 2016
179 Trinidad and Tobago -73,301,900.00 2016
180 Brunei -150,550,800.00 2016
181 Uruguay -317,141,200.00 2016
182 Yemen -561,000,000.00 2016
183 Iceland -1,182,668,000.00 2016
184 Mongolia -4,156,405,000.00 2016
185 Finland -9,537,496,000.00 2016
186 Norway -16,427,880,000.00 2016
187 Switzerland -17,717,100,000.00 2016
188 Austria -29,948,410,000.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Private financial flows - equity and debt - account for the bulk of development finance. Equity flows comprise foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio equity. Debt flows are financing raised through bond issuance, bank lending, and supplier credits.

Limitations and Exceptions: FDI data do not give a complete picture of international investment in an economy. Balance of payments data on FDI do not include capital raised locally, an important source of investment financing in some developing countries. In addition, FDI data omit nonequity cross-border transactions such as intra-unit flows of goods and services. The volume of global private financial flows reported by the World Bank generally differs from that reported by other sources because of differences in sources, classification of economies, and method used to adjust and disaggregate reported information. In addition, particularly for debt financing, differences may also reflect how some installments of the transactions and certain offshore issuances are treated. Data on equity flows are shown for all countries for which data are available.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on equity flows are based on balance of payments data reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign direct investment (FDI) data are supplemented by the World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and official national sources. The internationally accepted definition of FDI (from the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual [2009]), includes the following components: equity investment, including investment associated with equity that gives rise to control or influence; investment in indirectly influenced or controlled enterprises; investment in fellow enterprises; debt (except selected debt); and reverse investment. The Framework for Direct Investment Relationships provides criteria for determining whether cross-border ownership results in a direct investment relationship, based on control and influence. Distinguished from other kinds of international investment, FDI is made to establish a lasting interest in or effective management control over an enterprise in another country. A lasting interest in an investment enterprise typically involves establishing warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and other permanent or long-term organizations abroad. Direct investments may take the form of greenfield investment, where the investor starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities; joint venture, where the investor enters into a partnership agreement with a company abroad to establish a new enterprise; or merger and acquisition, where the investor acquires an existing enterprise abroad. The IMF suggests that investments should account for at least 10 percent of voting stock to be counted as FDI. In practice many countries set a higher threshold. Many countries fail to report reinvested earnings, and the definition of long-term loans differs among countries. BoP refers to Balance of Payments.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Note: Data starting from 2005 are based on the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6).