Thailand - Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$)

The latest value for Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$) in Thailand was $13,248,450,000 as of 2018. Over the past 43 years, the value for this indicator has fluctuated between $15,935,960,000 in 2013 and $55,280,860 in 1979.

Definition: Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments database, supplemented by data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and official national sources.

See also:

Year Value
1975 $85,626,230
1976 $79,117,250
1977 $106,077,900
1978 $55,653,210
1979 $55,280,860
1980 $189,859,400
1981 $290,555,400
1982 $190,868,600
1983 $349,606,900
1984 $401,019,300
1985 $163,200,700
1986 $262,504,200
1987 $351,932,500
1988 $1,105,370,000
1989 $1,775,449,000
1990 $2,443,550,000
1991 $2,013,986,000
1992 $2,113,022,000
1993 $1,804,041,000
1994 $1,366,441,000
1995 $2,067,936,000
1996 $2,335,837,000
1997 $3,894,755,000
1998 $7,314,805,000
1999 $6,102,678,000
2000 $3,365,988,000
2001 $5,067,170,000
2002 $3,341,612,000
2003 $5,232,270,000
2004 $5,860,256,000
2005 $8,215,637,000
2006 $8,917,470,000
2007 $8,633,903,000
2008 $8,561,558,000
2009 $6,411,459,000
2010 $14,746,670,000
2011 $2,473,686,000
2012 $12,899,040,000
2013 $15,935,960,000
2014 $4,975,456,000
2015 $8,927,579,000
2016 $2,810,184,000
2017 $8,045,509,000
2018 $13,248,450,000

Development Relevance: Private financial flows - equity and debt - account for the bulk of development finance. Equity flows comprise foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio equity. Debt flows are financing raised through bond issuance, bank lending, and supplier credits.

Limitations and Exceptions: FDI data do not give a complete picture of international investment in an economy. Balance of payments data on FDI do not include capital raised locally, an important source of investment financing in some developing countries. In addition, FDI data omit nonequity cross-border transactions such as intra-unit flows of goods and services. The volume of global private financial flows reported by the World Bank generally differs from that reported by other sources because of differences in sources, classification of economies, and method used to adjust and disaggregate reported information. In addition, particularly for debt financing, differences may also reflect how some installments of the transactions and certain offshore issuances are treated. Data on equity flows are shown for all countries for which data are available.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on equity flows are based on balance of payments data reported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign direct investment (FDI) data are supplemented by the World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and official national sources. The internationally accepted definition of FDI (from the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual [2009]), includes the following components: equity investment, including investment associated with equity that gives rise to control or influence; investment in indirectly influenced or controlled enterprises; investment in fellow enterprises; debt (except selected debt); and reverse investment. The Framework for Direct Investment Relationships provides criteria for determining whether cross-border ownership results in a direct investment relationship, based on control and influence. Distinguished from other kinds of international investment, FDI is made to establish a lasting interest in or effective management control over an enterprise in another country. A lasting interest in an investment enterprise typically involves establishing warehouses, manufacturing facilities, and other permanent or long-term organizations abroad. Direct investments may take the form of greenfield investment, where the investor starts a new venture in a foreign country by constructing new operational facilities; joint venture, where the investor enters into a partnership agreement with a company abroad to establish a new enterprise; or merger and acquisition, where the investor acquires an existing enterprise abroad. The IMF suggests that investments should account for at least 10 percent of voting stock to be counted as FDI. In practice many countries set a higher threshold. Many countries fail to report reinvested earnings, and the definition of long-term loans differs among countries. BoP refers to Balance of Payments.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Note: Data starting from 2005 are based on the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6).


Topic: Economic Policy & Debt Indicators

Sub-Topic: Balance of payments