Forest area (sq. km) - Country Ranking

Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Russia 8,149,305.00 2015
2 Brazil 4,935,380.00 2015
3 Canada 3,470,690.00 2015
4 United States 3,100,950.00 2015
5 China 2,083,213.00 2015
6 Dem. Rep. Congo 1,525,780.00 2015
7 Australia 1,247,510.00 2015
8 Indonesia 910,100.00 2015
9 Peru 739,730.00 2015
10 India 706,820.00 2015
11 Mexico 660,400.00 2015
12 Colombia 585,017.40 2015
13 Angola 578,560.00 2015
14 Bolivia 547,640.00 2015
15 Zambia 486,350.00 2015
16 Venezuela 466,830.00 2015
17 Tanzania 460,600.00 2015
18 Mozambique 379,400.00 2015
19 Papua New Guinea 335,590.00 2015
20 Myanmar 290,410.00 2015
21 Sweden 280,730.00 2015
22 Argentina 271,120.00 2015
23 Japan 249,580.00 2015
24 Gabon 230,000.00 2015
25 Congo 223,340.00 2015
26 Finland 222,180.00 2015
27 Malaysia 221,950.00 2015
28 Central African Republic 221,700.00 2015
29 Sudan 192,099.40 2015
30 Cameroon 188,160.00 2015
31 Lao PDR 187,614.10 2015
32 Spain 184,178.70 2015
33 Chile 177,350.00 2015
34 France 169,890.00 2015
35 Guyana 165,260.00 2015
36 Thailand 163,990.00 2015
37 Suriname 153,320.00 2015
38 Paraguay 153,230.00 2015
39 Vietnam 147,730.00 2015
40 Zimbabwe 140,620.00 2015
41 Mongolia 125,528.00 2015
42 Ecuador 125,478.80 2015
43 Ethiopia 124,990.00 2015
44 Madagascar 124,730.00 2015
45 Norway 121,120.00 2015
46 Turkey 117,150.00 2015
47 Germany 114,190.00 2015
48 Botswana 108,400.00 2015
49 Iran 106,919.80 2015
50 Côte d'Ivoire 104,010.00 2015
51 New Zealand 101,520.00 2015
52 Ukraine 96,570.00 2015
53 Cambodia 94,570.00 2015
54 Poland 94,350.00 2015
55 Ghana 93,370.00 2015
56 Italy 92,970.00 2015
57 South Africa 92,410.00 2015
58 Belarus 86,335.00 2015
59 Senegal 82,730.00 2015
60 Philippines 80,400.00 2015
61 Nigeria 69,930.00 2015
62 Namibia 69,190.00 2015
63 Romania 68,610.00 2015
64 Guinea 63,640.00 2015
65 Somalia 63,630.00 2015
66 Korea 61,840.00 2015
67 Morocco 56,320.00 2015
68 Burkina Faso 53,500.00 2015
69 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 50,310.00 2015
70 Chad 48,750.00 2015
71 Mali 47,150.00 2015
72 Panama 46,170.00 2015
73 Honduras 45,920.00 2015
74 Kenya 44,130.00 2015
75 Benin 43,110.00 2015
76 Liberia 41,790.00 2015
77 Turkmenistan 41,270.00 2015
78 Greece 40,540.00 2015
79 Austria 38,690.00 2015
80 Bulgaria 38,230.00 2015
81 Nepal 36,360.00 2015
82 Guatemala 35,400.00 2015
83 Latvia 33,560.00 2015
84 Kazakhstan 33,090.00 2015
85 Uzbekistan 32,199.00 2015
86 Cuba 32,000.00 2015
87 Portugal 31,820.00 2015
88 Malawi 31,470.00 2015
89 United Kingdom 31,440.00 2015
90 Nicaragua 31,140.00 2015
91 Sierra Leone 30,440.00 2015
92 Georgia 28,224.00 2015
93 Costa Rica 27,560.00 2015
94 Bhutan 27,549.30 2015
95 Serbia 27,200.00 2015
96 Czech Republic 26,670.00 2015
97 Estonia 22,320.00 2015
98 Solomon Islands 21,850.00 2015
98 Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,850.00 2015
100 Lithuania 21,800.00 2015
101 Uganda 20,770.00 2015
102 Sri Lanka 20,700.00 2015
103 Hungary 20,690.00 2015
104 Dominican Republic 19,830.00 2015
105 Guinea-Bissau 19,720.00 2015
106 Algeria 19,560.00 2015
107 Slovak Republic 19,400.00 2015
108 Croatia 19,220.00 2015
109 Uruguay 18,450.00 2015
110 Equatorial Guinea 15,680.00 2015
111 Eritrea 15,100.00 2015
112 Pakistan 14,720.00 2015
113 Bangladesh 14,290.00 2015
114 Belize 13,663.00 2015
115 Afghanistan 13,500.00 2015
116 Switzerland 12,540.00 2015
117 Slovenia 12,480.00 2015
118 Niger 11,420.00 2015
119 Azerbaijan 11,394.00 2015
120 Tunisia 10,410.00 2015
121 Fiji 10,172.00 2015
122 Macedonia 9,980.00 2015
123 Saudi Arabia 9,770.00 2015
124 New Caledonia 8,390.00 2015
125 Montenegro 8,270.00 2015
126 Iraq 8,250.00 2015
127 Albania 7,715.00 2015
128 Ireland 7,540.20 2015
129 Timor-Leste 6,860.00 2015
130 Belgium 6,834.00 2015
131 Kyrgyz Republic 6,370.00 2015
132 Denmark 6,122.00 2015
133 Swaziland 5,860.00 2015
134 Yemen 5,490.00 2015
135 The Bahamas 5,150.00 2015
136 Puerto Rico 4,959.50 2015
137 Syrian Arab Republic 4,910.00 2015
138 The Gambia 4,880.00 2015
139 Rwanda 4,800.00 2015
140 Vanuatu 4,400.00 2015
141 Tajikistan 4,120.00 2015
142 Moldova 4,090.00 2015
143 Brunei 3,800.00 2015
144 Netherlands 3,760.00 2015
145 Jamaica 3,352.00 2015
146 Armenia 3,320.00 2015
147 United Arab Emirates 3,226.00 2015
148 Burundi 2,760.00 2015
149 El Salvador 2,650.00 2015
150 Trinidad and Tobago 2,344.80 2015
151 Mauritania 2,245.00 2015
152 Libya 2,170.00 2015
153 Togo 1,880.00 2015
154 Cyprus 1,727.00 2015
155 Samoa 1,710.00 2015
156 Israel 1,650.00 2015
157 Lebanon 1,373.00 2015
158 Jordan 975.00 2015
159 Haiti 970.00 2015
160 Cabo Verde 899.00 2015
161 Luxembourg 867.00 2015
162 Egypt 730.00 2015
163 São Tomé and Principe 536.00 2015
164 Iceland 492.00 2015
165 Lesotho 490.00 2015
166 Dominica 433.30 2015
167 Seychelles 406.70 2015
168 Palau 403.00 2015
169 Mauritius 386.00 2015
170 Comoros 370.00 2015
171 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 270.00 2015
172 St. Lucia 203.00 2015
173 Grenada 169.90 2015
174 Singapore 163.50 2015
175 Andorra 160.00 2015
176 Cayman Islands 127.00 2015
177 Kiribati 121.50 2015
178 St. Kitts and Nevis 110.00 2015
179 Antigua and Barbuda 98.00 2015
180 Tonga 90.00 2015
181 Liechtenstein 69.00 2015
182 Barbados 63.00 2015
183 Kuwait 62.50 2015
184 Djibouti 56.00 2015
185 Oman 20.00 2015
186 Tuvalu 10.00 2015
187 Bahrain 6.00 2015
188 Malta 3.50 2015
189 Greenland 2.20 2015
190 Nauru 0.00 2015
190 San Marino 0.00 2015
190 Qatar 0.00 2015

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: As threats to biodiversity mount, the international community is increasingly focusing on conserving diversity. Deforestation is a major cause of loss of biodiversity, and habitat conservation is vital for stemming this loss. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting areas of high biodiversity. On a global average, more than one-third of all forest is primary forest, i.e. forest of native species where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes have not been significantly disturbed. Primary forests, in particular tropical moist forests, include the most species-rich, diverse terrestrial ecosystems. The decrease of primary forest area, 0.4 percent over a ten-year period, is largely due to reclassification of primary forest to "other naturally regenerated forest" because of selective logging and other human interventions. National parks, game reserves, wilderness areas and other legally established protected areas cover more than 10 percent of the total forest area in most countries and regions. FAO estimates that around 10 million people are employed in forest management and conservation - but many more are directly dependent on forests for their livelihoods. Also, 80 about percent of the world's forests are publicly owned, but ownership and management of forests by communities, individuals and private companies is on the rise. Close to 1.2 billion hectares of forest are managed primarily for the production of wood and non-wood forest products. An additional 25 percent of forest area is designated for multiple uses - in most cases including the production of wood and non-wood forest products. The area designated primarily for productive purposes has decreased by more than 50 million hectares since 1990 as forests have been designated for other purposes.

Limitations and Exceptions: The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has been collecting and analyzing data on forest area since 1946. This is done at intervals of 5-10 years as part of the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). FAO reports data for 229 countries and territories; for the remaining 56 small island states and territories where no information is provided, a report is prepared by FAO using existing information and a literature search. The data are aggregated at sub-regional, regional and global levels by the FRA team at FAO, and estimates are produced by straight summation. The lag between the reference year and the actual production of data series as well as the frequency of data production varies between countries. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. Data includes areas with bamboo and palms; forest roads, firebreaks and other small open areas; forest in national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas such as those of specific scientific, historical, cultural or spiritual interest; windbreaks, shelterbelts and corridors of trees with an area of more than 0.5 hectares and width of more than 20 meters; plantations primarily used for forestry or protective purposes, such as rubber-wood plantations and cork oak stands. Data excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, such as fruit plantations and agroforestry systems. Forest area also excludes trees in urban parks and gardens. The proportion of forest area to total land area is calculated and changes in the proportion are computed to identify trends.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Forest is determined both by the presence of trees and the absence of other predominant land uses. The trees should reach a minimum height of 5 meters in situ. Areas under reforestation that have not yet reached but are expected to reach a canopy cover of 10 percent and a tree height of 5 meters are included, as are temporarily unstocked areas, resulting from human intervention or natural causes, which are expected to regenerate. FAO provides detail information on forest cover, and adjusted estimates of forest cover. The current survey uses a uniform definition of forest. Although FAO provides a breakdown of forest cover between natural forest and plantation for developing countries, this indictor data does not reflect that breakdown. Thus the deforestation data may underestimate the rate at which natural forest is disappearing in some countries.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual