Forest area (sq. km) - Country Ranking

Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Russia 8,148,895.00 2016
2 Brazil 4,925,540.00 2016
3 Canada 3,470,224.00 2016
4 United States 3,103,700.00 2016
5 China 2,098,635.00 2016
6 Dem. Rep. Congo 1,522,666.00 2016
7 Australia 1,250,590.00 2016
8 Indonesia 903,256.00 2016
9 Peru 738,054.00 2016
10 India 708,604.00 2016
11 Mexico 659,484.00 2016
12 Colombia 584,750.20 2016
13 Angola 577,312.00 2016
14 Bolivia 544,750.00 2016
15 Zambia 484,684.00 2016
16 Venezuela 465,186.00 2016
17 Tanzania 456,880.00 2016
18 Mozambique 377,336.00 2016
19 Papua New Guinea 335,562.00 2016
20 Myanmar 284,946.00 2016
21 Sweden 280,730.00 2016
22 Argentina 268,152.00 2016
23 Japan 249,564.00 2016
24 Gabon 232,000.00 2016
25 Congo 223,186.00 2016
26 Finland 222,180.00 2016
27 Malaysia 222,092.00 2016
28 Central African Republic 221,544.00 2016
29 Sudan 190,355.30 2016
30 Lao PDR 189,505.80 2016
31 Cameroon 185,960.00 2016
32 Spain 184,520.00 2016
33 Chile 180,358.00 2016
34 France 171,020.00 2016
35 Guyana 165,160.00 2016
36 Thailand 164,290.00 2016
37 Suriname 153,282.00 2016
38 Paraguay 149,976.00 2016
39 Vietnam 149,020.00 2016
40 Zimbabwe 137,496.00 2016
41 Ethiopia 125,396.00 2016
42 Ecuador 124,691.50 2016
43 Madagascar 124,570.00 2016
44 Mongolia 124,555.20 2016
45 Norway 121,140.00 2016
46 Turkey 118,174.00 2016
47 Germany 114,210.00 2016
48 Botswana 107,378.00 2016
49 Iran 106,919.80 2016
50 Côte d'Ivoire 104,006.00 2016
51 New Zealand 101,522.00 2016
52 Ukraine 96,788.00 2016
53 Poland 94,562.00 2016
54 Ghana 93,654.01 2016
55 Italy 93,508.00 2016
56 Cambodia 93,295.99 2016
57 South Africa 92,410.00 2016
58 Belarus 86,534.01 2016
59 Philippines 82,800.00 2016
60 Senegal 82,330.00 2016
61 Romania 69,302.00 2016
62 Namibia 68,448.00 2016
63 Nigeria 65,834.00 2016
64 Guinea 63,280.00 2016
65 Somalia 62,862.00 2016
66 Korea 61,764.00 2016
67 Morocco 56,240.00 2016
68 Burkina Faso 52,902.00 2016
69 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 49,040.00 2016
70 Chad 47,484.00 2016
71 Mali 46,360.00 2016
72 Panama 46,006.00 2016
73 Honduras 44,720.00 2016
74 Kenya 44,496.00 2016
75 Benin 42,610.00 2016
76 Liberia 41,490.00 2016
77 Turkmenistan 41,270.00 2016
78 Greece 40,842.00 2016
79 Austria 38,708.00 2016
80 Bulgaria 38,402.00 2016
81 Nepal 36,360.00 2016
82 Guatemala 35,036.00 2016
83 Latvia 33,564.00 2016
84 Kazakhstan 33,090.00 2016
85 Cuba 32,536.00 2016
86 Uzbekistan 32,087.80 2016
87 Portugal 31,706.00 2016
88 United Kingdom 31,610.00 2016
89 Malawi 31,290.00 2016
90 Nicaragua 31,140.00 2016
91 Sierra Leone 31,076.00 2016
92 Georgia 28,224.00 2016
93 Costa Rica 27,862.00 2016
94 Bhutan 27,648.50 2016
95 Serbia 27,214.00 2016
96 Czech Republic 26,690.00 2016
97 Estonia 22,316.00 2016
98 Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,850.00 2016
99 Lithuania 21,820.00 2016
100 Solomon Islands 21,794.00 2016
101 Hungary 20,736.00 2016
102 Sri Lanka 20,634.00 2016
103 Dominican Republic 20,162.00 2016
104 Algeria 19,636.00 2016
105 Guinea-Bissau 19,620.00 2016
106 Uganda 19,418.00 2016
107 Slovak Republic 19,402.00 2016
108 Croatia 19,224.00 2016
109 Uruguay 18,677.40 2016
110 Equatorial Guinea 15,564.00 2016
111 Eritrea 15,056.00 2016
112 Pakistan 14,290.00 2016
113 Bangladesh 14,264.00 2016
114 Belize 13,612.80 2016
115 Afghanistan 13,500.00 2016
116 Switzerland 12,578.00 2016
117 Slovenia 12,482.00 2016
118 Azerbaijan 11,656.20 2016
119 Niger 11,296.00 2016
120 Tunisia 10,512.00 2016
121 Fiji 10,220.60 2016
122 North Macedonia 9,980.00 2016
123 Saudi Arabia 9,770.00 2016
124 New Caledonia 8,390.00 2016
125 Montenegro 8,270.00 2016
126 Iraq 8,250.00 2016
127 Albania 7,705.40 2016
128 Ireland 7,597.00 2016
129 Belgium 6,838.40 2016
130 Timor-Leste 6,748.00 2016
131 Kyrgyz Republic 6,290.00 2016
132 Denmark 6,172.20 2016
133 Eswatini 5,906.00 2016
134 Yemen 5,490.00 2016
135 The Bahamas 5,150.00 2016
136 Puerto Rico 4,992.60 2016
137 Syrian Arab Republic 4,910.00 2016
138 The Gambia 4,896.00 2016
139 Rwanda 4,868.00 2016
140 Vanuatu 4,400.00 2016
141 Moldova 4,136.00 2016
142 Tajikistan 4,124.00 2016
143 Brunei 3,800.00 2016
144 Netherlands 3,766.00 2016
145 Jamaica 3,348.20 2016
146 Armenia 3,322.00 2016
147 United Arab Emirates 3,236.60 2016
148 Burundi 2,806.00 2016
149 El Salvador 2,606.00 2016
150 Trinidad and Tobago 2,361.00 2016
151 Mauritania 2,210.00 2016
152 Libya 2,170.00 2016
153 Cyprus 1,726.70 2016
154 Samoa 1,710.00 2016
155 Togo 1,682.00 2016
156 Israel 1,672.00 2016
157 Lebanon 1,373.80 2016
158 Jordan 975.00 2016
159 Haiti 962.00 2016
160 Cabo Verde 908.60 2016
161 Luxembourg 867.00 2016
162 Egypt 736.00 2016
163 São Tomé and Principe 536.00 2016
164 Iceland 505.00 2016
165 Lesotho 500.00 2016
166 Dominica 430.60 2016
167 Seychelles 406.70 2016
168 Palau 403.00 2016
169 Mauritius 386.40 2016
170 Comoros 366.00 2016
171 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 270.00 2016
172 St. Lucia 202.40 2016
173 Grenada 169.90 2016
174 Singapore 163.50 2016
175 Andorra 160.00 2016
176 Cayman Islands 127.00 2016
177 Kiribati 121.50 2016
178 St. Kitts and Nevis 110.00 2016
179 Antigua and Barbuda 98.00 2016
180 Tonga 90.00 2016
181 Liechtenstein 69.00 2016
182 Barbados 63.00 2016
183 Kuwait 62.50 2016
184 Djibouti 56.00 2016
185 Oman 20.00 2016
186 Tuvalu 10.00 2016
187 Bahrain 6.10 2016
188 Malta 3.50 2016
189 Greenland 2.20 2016
190 Nauru 0.00 2016
190 Qatar 0.00 2016
190 San Marino 0.00 2016

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Development Relevance: As threats to biodiversity mount, the international community is increasingly focusing on conserving diversity. Deforestation is a major cause of loss of biodiversity, and habitat conservation is vital for stemming this loss. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting areas of high biodiversity. On a global average, more than one-third of all forest is primary forest, i.e. forest of native species where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes have not been significantly disturbed. Primary forests, in particular tropical moist forests, include the most species-rich, diverse terrestrial ecosystems. The decrease of primary forest area, 0.4 percent over a ten-year period, is largely due to reclassification of primary forest to "other naturally regenerated forest" because of selective logging and other human interventions. National parks, game reserves, wilderness areas and other legally established protected areas cover more than 10 percent of the total forest area in most countries and regions. FAO estimates that around 10 million people are employed in forest management and conservation - but many more are directly dependent on forests for their livelihoods. Also, 80 about percent of the world's forests are publicly owned, but ownership and management of forests by communities, individuals and private companies is on the rise. Close to 1.2 billion hectares of forest are managed primarily for the production of wood and non-wood forest products. An additional 25 percent of forest area is designated for multiple uses - in most cases including the production of wood and non-wood forest products. The area designated primarily for productive purposes has decreased by more than 50 million hectares since 1990 as forests have been designated for other purposes.

Limitations and Exceptions: The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has been collecting and analyzing data on forest area since 1946. This is done at intervals of 5-10 years as part of the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). FAO reports data for 229 countries and territories; for the remaining 56 small island states and territories where no information is provided, a report is prepared by FAO using existing information and a literature search. The data are aggregated at sub-regional, regional and global levels by the FRA team at FAO, and estimates are produced by straight summation. The lag between the reference year and the actual production of data series as well as the frequency of data production varies between countries. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. Data includes areas with bamboo and palms; forest roads, firebreaks and other small open areas; forest in national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas such as those of specific scientific, historical, cultural or spiritual interest; windbreaks, shelterbelts and corridors of trees with an area of more than 0.5 hectares and width of more than 20 meters; plantations primarily used for forestry or protective purposes, such as rubber-wood plantations and cork oak stands. Data excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, such as fruit plantations and agroforestry systems. Forest area also excludes trees in urban parks and gardens. The proportion of forest area to total land area is calculated and changes in the proportion are computed to identify trends.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Forest is determined both by the presence of trees and the absence of other predominant land uses. The trees should reach a minimum height of 5 meters in situ. Areas under reforestation that have not yet reached but are expected to reach a canopy cover of 10 percent and a tree height of 5 meters are included, as are temporarily unstocked areas, resulting from human intervention or natural causes, which are expected to regenerate. FAO provides detail information on forest cover, and adjusted estimates of forest cover. The current survey uses a uniform definition of forest. Although FAO provides a breakdown of forest cover between natural forest and plantation for developing countries, this indictor data does not reflect that breakdown. Thus the deforestation data may underestimate the rate at which natural forest is disappearing in some countries.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual