Agricultural land (sq. km) - Country Ranking

Definition: Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 5,277,330.00 2016
2 United States 4,058,625.00 2016
3 Australia 3,710,780.00 2016
4 Brazil 2,835,460.00 2016
5 Russia 2,177,218.00 2016
6 Kazakhstan 2,169,920.00 2016
7 India 1,797,210.00 2016
8 Saudi Arabia 1,736,190.00 2016
9 Argentina 1,487,000.00 2016
10 Mongolia 1,110,622.00 2016
11 Mexico 1,062,360.00 2016
12 South Africa 968,410.00 2016
13 Nigeria 708,000.00 2016
14 Sudan 681,861.60 2016
15 Canada 626,710.00 2016
16 Angola 591,900.00 2016
17 Indonesia 570,000.00 2016
18 Mozambique 499,500.00 2016
19 Chad 499,350.00 2016
20 Iran 459,540.00 2016
21 Niger 456,820.00 2016
22 Colombia 446,656.00 2016
23 Somalia 441,250.00 2016
24 Ukraine 415,150.00 2016
25 Madagascar 414,150.00 2016
26 Algeria 413,602.00 2016
27 Mali 412,010.00 2016
28 Mauritania 397,110.00 2016
29 Tanzania 396,500.00 2016
30 Namibia 388,090.00 2016
31 Turkey 383,270.00 2016
32 Afghanistan 379,100.00 2016
33 Bolivia 376,850.00 2016
34 Pakistan 368,440.00 2016
35 Ethiopia 362,590.00 2016
36 Turkmenistan 338,380.00 2016
37 Morocco 305,915.00 2016
38 France 287,180.20 2016
39 Kenya 276,300.00 2016
40 Uzbekistan 267,700.00 2016
41 Spain 262,657.00 2016
42 Dem. Rep. Congo 262,000.00 2016
43 Botswana 258,616.00 2016
44 Zambia 238,360.00 2016
45 Peru 236,870.00 2016
46 Yemen 235,460.00 2016
47 Thailand 221,100.00 2016
48 Paraguay 218,850.00 2016
49 Venezuela 216,000.00 2016
50 Côte d'Ivoire 206,000.00 2016
51 United Kingdom 173,499.80 2016
52 Germany 166,570.00 2016
53 Zimbabwe 162,000.00 2016
54 Chile 157,418.00 2016
55 Ghana 157,000.00 2016
56 Libya 153,500.00 2016
57 Guinea 145,000.00 2016
58 Uruguay 144,496.00 2016
59 Uganda 144,150.00 2016
60 Poland 143,740.00 2016
61 Syrian Arab Republic 139,210.00 2016
62 Romania 135,210.00 2016
63 Myanmar 127,600.00 2016
64 Italy 127,170.00 2016
65 Philippines 124,400.00 2016
66 Vietnam 121,780.00 2016
67 Burkina Faso 121,000.00 2016
68 New Zealand 106,510.00 2016
69 Congo 106,270.00 2016
70 Kyrgyz Republic 105,410.00 2016
71 Tunisia 100,730.00 2016
72 Cameroon 97,500.00 2016
73 Iraq 93,000.00 2016
74 Bangladesh 91,942.10 2016
75 Senegal 88,680.00 2016
76 Malaysia 86,270.00 2016
77 Belarus 85,327.00 2016
78 Eritrea 75,920.00 2016
79 Cuba 62,267.00 2016
80 Greece 61,360.00 2016
81 Malawi 57,900.00 2016
82 Ecuador 55,160.00 2016
83 Cambodia 54,550.00 2016
84 Hungary 52,830.00 2016
85 Gabon 51,600.00 2016
86 Central African Republic 50,800.00 2016
87 Nicaragua 50,650.00 2016
88 Bulgaria 50,210.00 2016
89 Azerbaijan 47,730.00 2016
90 Tajikistan 47,380.00 2016
91 Japan 44,710.00 2016
92 Ireland 44,460.00 2016
93 Nepal 41,210.00 2016
94 Sierra Leone 39,490.00 2016
95 Guatemala 38,560.00 2016
96 Togo 38,200.00 2016
97 Benin 37,500.00 2016
98 Egypt 37,337.70 2016
99 Portugal 36,141.10 2016
100 Czech Republic 34,890.00 2016
101 Serbia 34,400.00 2016
102 Honduras 32,350.00 2016
103 Sweden 30,315.00 2016
104 Lithuania 29,539.00 2016
105 Sri Lanka 27,400.00 2016
106 Liberia 27,000.00 2016
107 Austria 26,701.70 2016
108 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 26,300.00 2016
109 Denmark 26,040.00 2016
110 Moldova 24,410.00 2016
111 Georgia 23,940.00 2016
112 Lao PDR 23,690.00 2016
113 Lesotho 23,570.00 2016
114 Dominican Republic 23,520.00 2016
115 Finland 22,750.00 2016
116 Panama 22,570.00 2016
117 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22,090.00 2016
118 Burundi 20,330.00 2016
119 Latvia 19,310.00 2016
120 Slovak Republic 18,860.00 2016
121 Iceland 18,720.00 2016
122 Haiti 18,400.00 2016
123 Rwanda 18,117.00 2016
124 Netherlands 17,960.00 2016
125 Costa Rica 17,595.00 2016
126 Djibouti 17,020.00 2016
127 Korea 17,008.00 2016
128 Guyana 17,000.00 2016
129 Armenia 16,768.00 2016
130 Guinea-Bissau 16,300.00 2016
131 El Salvador 15,840.00 2016
132 Croatia 15,440.00 2016
133 Switzerland 15,159.70 2016
134 Oman 14,360.00 2016
135 Belgium 13,508.00 2016
136 North Macedonia 12,650.00 2016
137 Eswatini 12,220.00 2016
138 Papua New Guinea 11,900.00 2016
139 Albania 11,817.00 2016
140 Jordan 10,659.60 2016
141 Estonia 10,030.00 2016
142 Norway 9,836.70 2016
143 Lebanon 6,580.00 2016
144 Slovenia 6,174.80 2016
145 The Gambia 6,050.00 2016
146 Israel 5,320.00 2016
147 Bhutan 5,190.00 2016
148 Jamaica 4,440.00 2016
149 Fiji 4,250.00 2016
150 United Arab Emirates 3,888.00 2016
151 Timor-Leste 3,800.00 2016
152 Equatorial Guinea 2,840.00 2016
153 Montenegro 2,550.00 2016
154 Greenland 2,431.10 2016
155 Puerto Rico 1,977.00 2016
156 Vanuatu 1,870.00 2016
157 New Caledonia 1,842.40 2016
158 Belize 1,600.00 2016
159 Kuwait 1,500.00 2016
160 Comoros 1,330.00 2016
161 Luxembourg 1,305.20 2016
162 Cyprus 1,123.30 2016
163 Solomon Islands 1,080.00 2016
164 Suriname 870.00 2016
165 Mauritius 860.00 2016
166 Cabo Verde 790.00 2016
167 Qatar 670.00 2016
168 Trinidad and Tobago 540.00 2016
169 São Tomé and Principe 487.00 2016
170 Samoa 350.00 2016
171 Kiribati 340.00 2016
172 Tonga 330.00 2016
173 Dominica 250.00 2016
174 Andorra 187.80 2016
175 Brunei 144.00 2016
176 The Bahamas 140.00 2016
177 St. Lucia 106.00 2016
178 Malta 103.80 2016
179 Barbados 100.00 2016
179 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 100.00 2016
181 Antigua and Barbuda 90.00 2016
182 Bahrain 86.00 2016
183 Grenada 80.00 2016
184 St. Kitts and Nevis 60.00 2016
185 Liechtenstein 51.60 2016
186 Palau 50.00 2016
186 Hong Kong SAR, China 50.00 2016
188 Cayman Islands 27.00 2016
189 Tuvalu 18.00 2016
190 Seychelles 15.50 2016
191 San Marino 10.00 2016
192 Singapore 6.60 2016
193 Nauru 4.00 2016

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Agricultural land covers more than one-third of the world's land area. In many industrialized countries, agricultural land is subject to zoning regulations. In the context of zoning, agricultural land (or more properly agriculturally zoned land) refers to plots that may be used for agricultural activities, regardless of the physical type or quality of land. FAO's agricultural land data contains a wide range of information on variables that are significant for understanding the structure of a country's agricultural sector; making economic plans and policies for food security; and deriving environmental indicators, including those related to investment in agriculture and data on gross crop area and net crop area which are useful for policy formulation and monitoring. Agriculture is still a major sector in many economies, and agricultural activities provide developing countries with food and revenue. But agricultural activities also can degrade natural resources. Poor farming practices can cause soil erosion and loss of soil fertility. Efforts to increase productivity by using chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and intensive irrigation have environmental costs and health impacts. Excessive use of chemical fertilizers can alter the chemistry of soil. Pesticide poisoning is common in developing countries. And salinization of irrigated land diminishes soil fertility. Thus, inappropriate use of inputs for agricultural production has far-reaching effects. There is no single correct mix of inputs to the agricultural land, as it is dependent on local climate, land quality, and economic development; appropriate levels and application rates vary by country and over time and depend on the type of crops, the climate and soils, and the production process used.

Limitations and Exceptions: The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through annual questionnaires. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Thus, data on agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable. For example, permanent pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and dry Middle Eastern countries. Data on agricultural employment, in particular, should be used with caution. In many countries much agricultural employment is informal and unrecorded, including substantial work performed by women and children. To address some of these concerns, this indicator is heavily footnoted in the database in sources, definition, and coverage. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Agricultural land constitutes only a part of any country's total area, which can include areas not suitable for agriculture, such as forests, mountains, and inland water bodies. Three components of the agricultural land are a) arable land - land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow, b) permanent pasture - land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops, and c) and under permanent crops - land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber; land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines is included, but land under trees grown for wood or timber is not. Agricultural land is also sometimes classified as irrigated and non-irrigated land. In arid and semi-arid countries agriculture is often confined to irrigated land, with very little farming possible in non-irrigated areas. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded from arable land. Data on agricultural land are valuable for conducting studies on a various perspectives concerning agricultural production, food security and for deriving cropping intensity among others uses. Agricultural land indicator, along with land-use indicators, can also elucidate the environmental sustainability of countries' agricultural practices.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual