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El Salvador Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
6,187,271 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.3% (male 802,813 /female 762,852)
15-24 years: 19.88% (male 619,550 /female 610,725)
25-54 years: 39.8% (male 1,143,226 /female 1,319,138)
55-64 years: 7.32% (male 198,513 /female 254,640)
65 years and over: 7.69% (male 208,817 /female 266,997) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 44.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 12.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 8 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 27.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 26.1 years
female: 29.1 years
Population growth rate
0.25% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
16.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
5.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-7.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 72.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.106 million SAN SALVADOR (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
20.8 years (2008 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.8 years
female: 78.6 years
Total fertility rate
1.84 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
72% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.6% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
25,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 86.5% of population
total: 93.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 13.5% of population
total: 6.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 82.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 60% of population (2015 est.)
total: 75% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 17.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 40% of population (2015 est.)
total: 25% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Nationality
noun: Salvadoran(s)
adjective: Salvadoran
Ethnic groups
mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 36%, other 2%, none 12% (2014 est.)
Demographic profile

El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is well into its demographic transition, experiencing slower population growth, a decline in its number of youths, and the gradual aging of its population. The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador's fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador - its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean - but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

Salvadorans fled during the 1979 to 1992 civil war mainly to the United States but also to Canada and to neighboring Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Emigration to the United States increased again in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of deteriorating economic conditions, natural disasters (Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and earthquakes in 2001), and family reunification. At least 20% of El Salvador's population lives abroad. The remittances they send home account for close to 20% of GDP, are the second largest source of external income after exports, and have helped reduce poverty.

Languages
Spanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.1%
male: 90.3%
female: 86.3% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2016)
Education expenditures
3.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
46 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
5% (2014)
Health expenditures
7% (2016)
Physicians density
1.57 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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