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People's Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)
Anthem: 义勇军进行曲
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
("March of the Volunteers")
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
CapitalBeijing
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest cityShanghai
Official languagesStandard Chinese[a]
Recognised regional languages
Official scriptSimplified Chinese[b]
Ethnic groups
Religion
State atheism
Demonym(s)Chinese
GovernmentUnitaryMarxist–Leninist[1]one-partysocialistrepublic[2]
Xi Jinping
Li Keqiang
Li Zhanshu
Wang Yang
Wang Huning
Zhao Leji
Han Zheng
Wang Qishan[g]
Zhou Qiang
Zhang Jun
Yang Xiaodu
LegislatureNational People's Congress
Formation
c. 2070 BCE
221 BCE
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
20 September 1954
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[h][5] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8[i]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 1,400,050,000[7] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,340,910,000[7] (1st)
• Density
145[8]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $24.2 trillion[9] (1st)
• Per capita
Increase $17,206[9] (73rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $14.9 trillion[9][j] (2nd)
• Per capita
Increase $10,839[9] (59th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 46.7[10]
high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.758[11]
high · 85th
CurrencyRenminbi (yuan; ¥)[k] (CNY-Renminbi)
HKD-Hong Kong)
MOP-Macau
)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Date format
Driving sideright (mainland); Left (Hong Kong and Macau)
Calling code+86 (mainland); +852 (Hong Kong); +853 (Macau)
ISO 3166 codeCN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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