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Azerbaijan

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Republic of Azerbaijan

Azərbaycan Respublikası  (Azerbaijani)
Anthem: 
Location of Azerbaijan (green) with territory controlled by the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic shown in light green.[a]
Location of Azerbaijan (green) with territory controlled by the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic shown in light green.[a]
Location of Azerbaijan
Capital
and largest city
Coat of arms of Baku.svgBaku
40°23′43″N49°52′56″E / 40.39528°N 49.88222°E / 40.39528; 49.88222
Official languagesAzerbaijani[1]
Ethnic minority languagesArmenian
Avar
Budukh
Georgian
Juhuri
Khinalug
Kryts
Kurdish
Lezgian
Russian
Rutul
Talysh
Tat
Tsakhur
Udi
Ethnic groups
(2009[2])
Religion
Demonym(s)Azerbaijani
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic[4]
Ilham Aliyev
Mehriban Aliyeva
Ali Asadov
Sahiba Gafarova
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
28 May 1918
28 April 1920
• Independence from Soviet Union
  • 30 August 1991 (declared)
  • 18 October 1991 (independence)
  • 25 December 1991 (completed)
21 December 1991
2 March 1992
• Constitution adopted
12 November 1995
Area
• Total
86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) (112th)
• Water (%)
1.6
Population
• 2019 estimate
10,127,874[5] (91st)
• Density
115/km2 (297.8/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$189.050 billion[6]
• Per capita
$18,793[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$45.284 billion[6]
• Per capita
$4,498[6]
Gini (2005)26.6[7]
low
HDI (2018)Increase 0.754[8]
high · 87th
CurrencyManat (₼) (AZN)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+994
ISO 3166 codeAZ
Internet TLD.az

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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