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Azerbaijan Demographics Profile

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Population
10,205,810 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 22.84% (male 1,235,292/female 1,095,308)
15-24 years: 13.17% (male 714,718/female 629,494)
25-54 years: 45.29% (male 2,291,600/female 2,330,843)
55-64 years: 11.41% (male 530,046/female 634,136)
65 years and over: 7.29% (male 289,604/female 454,769) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 43.4
youth dependency ratio: 33.7
elderly dependency ratio: 9.7
potential support ratio: 10.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 32.6 years
male: 31.1 years
female: 34.2 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.77% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
14.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 56.4% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.58% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: includes Nagorno-Karabakh
Major cities - population
2.341 million BAKU (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 98.4 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.8 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 21.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.6 years
male: 70.5 years
female: 76.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.88 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
54.9% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
9,700 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 87.4% of population
total: 94.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 12.6% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 89.1% of population
total: 95.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 10.9% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Azerbaijani(s)
adjective: Azerbaijani
Ethnic groups
Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezghin 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4% (2009 est.)

note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by ethnic Armenians

Religions
Muslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)

note: religious affiliation for the majority of Azerbaijanis is largely nominal, percentages for actual practicing adherents are probably much lower

Languages
Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)

note: Russian is widely spoken

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2019)
Education expenditures
2.5% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
26 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.9% (2013)
Health expenditures
6.7% (2017)
Physicians density
3.45 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
4.8 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
19.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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