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Azerbaijan Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
10,046,516 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 23.05% (male 1,233,424 /female 1,082,007)
15-24 years: 14.03% (male 743,142 /female 666,550)
25-54 years: 45.44% (male 2,247,545 /female 2,317,630)
55-64 years: 10.67% (male 493,555 /female 578,440)
65 years and over: 6.81% (male 262,989 /female 421,234) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 40.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 32.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 12.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 31.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 30.2 years
female: 33.4 years
Population growth rate
0.83% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 56% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.58% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: includes Nagorno-Karabakh
Major cities - population
2.313 million BAKU (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.2 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 23 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 23.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73 years (2018 est.)
male: 70 years
female: 76.4 years
Total fertility rate
1.89 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
54.9% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
8,000 (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2017 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 94.7% of population
rural: 77.8% of population
total: 87% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.3% of population
rural: 22.2% of population
total: 13% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 91.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 86.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 89.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 8.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 13.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 10.7% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Azerbaijani(s)
adjective: Azerbaijani
Ethnic groups
Azerbaijani 91.6%, Lezghin 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4% (2009 est.)

note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by ethnic Armenians

Religions
Muslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)

note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan, percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower

Languages
Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2017)
Education expenditures
2.9% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
26 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.9% (2013)
Health expenditures
6.9% (2016)
Physicians density
3.45 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
4.7 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
19.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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