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Azerbaijan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population9,961,396 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 22.95% (male 1,220,356/female 1,065,514)
15-24 years: 14.84% (male 775,422/female 703,027)
25-54 years: 45.39% (male 2,219,613/female 2,302,356)
55-64 years: 10.17% (male 467,830/female 545,505)
65 years and over: 6.64% (male 253,679/female 408,094) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.2
youth dependency ratio: 32.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8
potential support ratio: 12.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.3 years
male: 29.8 years
female: 33 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.87% (2017 est.)
Birth rate15.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 55.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBAKU (capital) 2.374 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.2 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 23.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.8 years
male: 69.7 years
female: 76.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.89 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,200 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 94.7% of population
rural: 77.8% of population
total: 87% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.3% of population
rural: 22.2% of population
total: 13% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 91.6% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 89.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8.4% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 10.7% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Azerbaijani(s)
adjective: Azerbaijani
Ethnic groupsAzerbaijani 91.6%, Lezghin 2%, Russian 1.3%, Armenian 1.3%, Talysh 1.3%, other 2.4%
note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by ethnic Armenians (2009 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 96.9% (predominantly Shia), Christian 3%, other <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1 (2010 est.)
note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower
LanguagesAzerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 92.5%, Russian 1.4%, Armenian 1.4%, other 4.7% (2009 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.7% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 144,397
percentage: 7%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2005 est.)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.9% (2013)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.4 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density4.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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