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Commonwealth of Australia

A map of the eastern hemisphere centred on Australia, using an orthographic projection.
Commonwealth of Australia, including the Australian territorial claim in the Antarctic
CapitalCanberra
35°18′29″S149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444
Largest citySydney
National languageEnglish[N 2]
Religion
(2016)[3]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
David Hurley
Scott Morrison
Michael McCormack
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence 
1 January 1901
9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
3 March 1986
Area
• Total
7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th)
• Water (%)
1.79 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2020 estimate
25,703,800[7] (53rd)
• 2016 census
23,401,892[8]
• Density
3.3/km2 (8.5/sq mi) (192nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease$1.334 trillion[9] (19th)
• Per capita
Decrease $51,885[9] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease$1.375 trillion[9] (13th)
• Per capita
Decrease $50,844[9] (10th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 34.0[10]
medium · 22nd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.938[11]
very high · 6th
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zoneUTC+8; +9.5; +10 (Various[N 4])
• Summer (DST)
UTC+8; +9.5; +10;
+10.5; +11
(Various[N 4])
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd[12]
Mains electricity230 V/50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+61
ISO 3166 codeAU
Internet TLD.au

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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