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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese)
Srī Lankā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya
இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil)

Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka cōcalica kuṭiyaracu
Anthem: Sri Lanka Matha
Mother Sri Lanka
Location of Sri Lanka
Location of Sri Lanka
CapitalSri Jayawardenepura Kotte
(Administrative)

Colombo(Commercial)
6°56′N79°52′E / 6.933°N 79.867°E / 6.933; 79.867
Largest cityColombo
Official languages
RecognizedEnglish
Ethnic groups(2012[2])74.9% Sinhalese
11.2% Sri Lankan Tamils
9.2% Sri Lankan Moors
4.2% Indian Tamils
0.5% other
Religion
DemonymSri Lankan
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Maithripala Sirisena
Ranil Wickremesinghe
Karu Jayasuriya
Priyasath Dep
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
4 February 1948
22 May 1972
7 September 1978
Area
• Total
65,610 km2 (25,330 sq mi) (122nd)
• Water (%)
4.4
Population
• 2016 estimate
21,203,000[4] (58th)
• 2012 census
20,277,597[5] (57th)
• Density
309/km2 (800.3/sq mi) (40th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$278.415 billion[6]
• Per capita
$13,012[6]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$84.023 billion[6]
• Per capita
$3,927[6]
Gini (2010)36.4[7]
medium
HDI (2016)Increase 0.766[8]
high · 73rd
CurrencySri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Time zoneSLST(UTC+5:30)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theleft
Calling code+94
ISO 3166 codeLK
Internet TLD
Website
www.gov.lk
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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