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Sri Lanka Demographics Profile 2016

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Population22.235 million (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.35% (male 2,760,821/female 2,652,747)
15-24 years: 14.7% (male 1,660,402/female 1,608,022)
25-54 years: 41.71% (male 4,544,253/female 4,729,544)
55-64 years: 9.89% (male 1,018,357/female 1,181,060)
65 years and over: 9.35% (male 882,740/female 1,197,054) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.2%
youth dependency ratio: 37.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 14.1%
potential support ratio: 7.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 32.5 years
male: 31.2 years
female: 33.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.8% (2016 est.)
Birth rate15.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 18.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationSri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) 128,000 (2014); COLOMBO (capital) 707,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.74 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.4
note: median age at first birth among women 30-34 (2006/07 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.8 years
male: 73.3 years
female: 80.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.09 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68.4% (2006/07)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.03% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.5% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 95.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.5% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88.1% of population
rural: 96.7% of population
total: 95.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 11.9% of population
rural: 3.3% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan
Ethnic groupsSinhalese 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.2%, Indian Tamil 4.2%, other 0.5% (2012 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05% (2012 est.)
LanguagesSinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.6%
male: 93.6%
female: 91.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2013)
Education expenditures1.6% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate30 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight26.3% (2012)
Health expenditures3.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.68 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.8% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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