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Sri Lanka Demographics Profile 2013

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Population21,675,648 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.8% (male 2,741,879/female 2,632,613)
15-24 years: 15.1% (male 1,659,566/female 1,615,616)
25-54 years: 42.4% (male 4,484,738/female 4,697,355)
55-64 years: 9.3% (male 939,174/female 1,084,108)
65 years and over: 8.4% (male 778,629/female 1,041,970) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 37.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.8 %
potential support ratio: 7.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 31.4 years
male: 30.3 years
female: 32.5 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.89% (2013 est.)
Birth rate16.64 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate6.01 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 15.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationCOLOMBO (capital) 681,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.6
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2000 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.24 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.21 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.15 years
male: 72.64 years
female: 79.79 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.15 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68% (2006/07)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,800 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 9% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan
Ethnic groupsSinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
LanguagesSinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.2%
male: 92.6%
female: 90% (2010 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Education expenditures2% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate35 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight21.6% (2009)
Health expenditures3.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.492 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.1% (2008)
Demographics Comparison

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013