Gaza Strip Demographics Profile 2016

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Population1,753,327 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 45.4% (male 408,601/female 387,463)
15-24 years: 21.21% (male 187,229/female 184,619)
25-54 years: 27.56% (male 237,162/female 246,021)
55-64 years: 3.32% (male 30,575/female 27,717)
65 years and over: 2.51% (male 22,613/female 21,327) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76%
youth dependency ratio: 70.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2%
potential support ratio: 19.2%
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.9 years
male: 16.6 years
female: 17.2 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.39% (2016 est.)
Birth rate32.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-5.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.9 years
male: 72.3 years
female: 75.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.3 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.5% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0%
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.4%
female: 94.5%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and West Bank (2014)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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