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Gaza Strip vs. Egypt

Demographics

Gaza StripEgypt
Population1,753,327 (July 2016 est.)
94,666,993 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 45.4% (male 408,601/female 387,463)
15-24 years: 21.21% (male 187,229/female 184,619)
25-54 years: 27.56% (male 237,162/female 246,021)
55-64 years: 3.32% (male 30,575/female 27,717)
65 years and over: 2.51% (male 22,613/female 21,327) (2016 est.)
0-14 years: 33.21% (male 16,268,862/female 15,169,039)
15-24 years: 19.24% (male 9,371,819/female 8,839,999)
25-54 years: 37.47% (male 18,020,332/female 17,448,871)
55-64 years: 5.91% (male 2,771,399/female 2,826,094)
65 years and over: 4.17% (male 1,937,119/female 2,013,459) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.9 years
male: 16.6 years
female: 17.2 years (2016 est.)
total: 23.8 years
male: 23.5 years
female: 24.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.39% (2016 est.)
2.51% (2016 est.)
Birth rate32.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
30.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
4.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-5.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
total: 19.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 21 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.9 years
male: 72.3 years
female: 75.7 years (2016 est.)
total population: 72.7 years
male: 71.4 years
female: 74.2 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.3 children born/woman (2016 est.)
3.53 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
0.02% (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
11,500 (2015 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
300 (2015 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.4%
female: 94.5%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.8%
male: 82.2%
female: 65.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes West Bank (2015)
3.8% of GDP (2008)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank
urban population: 43.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 93.1% of population
total: 94.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 6.9% of population
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank (2015 est.)
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth19 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
22.7 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate57.2% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2014)
58.5% (2014)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76
youth dependency ratio: 70.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.2
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 62.3
youth dependency ratio: 53.8
elderly dependency ratio: 8.5
potential support ratio: 11.8 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook