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Gaza Strip vs. Egypt

Demographics

Gaza StripEgypt
Population1,816,379 (July 2014 est.)86,895,099 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.2% (male 402,848/female 381,155)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 191,710/female 182,405)
25-54 years: 30.1% (male 280,551/female 266,756)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 31,711/female 31,515)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 19,617/female 28,111) (2014 est.)
0-14 years: 32.1% (male 14,272,494/female 13,639,550)
15-24 years: 17.8% (male 7,913,351/female 7,536,925)
25-54 years: 38.4% (male 16,942,145/female 16,398,524)
55-64 years: 6.7% (male 2,888,193/female 2,973,531)
65 years and over: 5% (male 1,949,145/female 2,381,241) (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.2 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.4 years (2014 est.)
total: 25.1 years
male: 24.7 years
female: 25.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.91% (2014 est.)1.84% (2014 est.)
Birth rate32.2 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)23.35 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.09 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)4.77 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)-0.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
total: 22.41 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 23.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.64 years
male: 72.9 years
female: 76.48 years (2014 est.)
total population: 73.45 years
male: 70.82 years
female: 76.2 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate4.24 children born/woman (2014 est.)2.87 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA0.1% (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsPalestinian ArabEgyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA6,500 (2012 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0%
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then (2012 est.)
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA300 (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.9%
female: 92.6%
note: estimates are for the Palestinian Territories (2011 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 81.7%
female: 65.8% (2012 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
urban population: 43.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 81.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 18.2% of population

note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.8% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.2% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.8% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.2% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 5.7% of population

note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 94.4% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 5.6% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate64 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)66 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Mother's mean age at first birth19
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
22.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 74.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 68.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 %
potential support ratio: 19
note: data represents the Palestinian Territories (2014 est.)
total dependency ratio: 58.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 49.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.3 %
potential support ratio: 10.8 (2014 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook