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Gaza Strip vs. Israel

Demographics

Gaza StripIsrael
Population1,753,327 (July 2016 est.)
8,174,527 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 21,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2015); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Age structure0-14 years: 45.4% (male 408,601/female 387,463)
15-24 years: 21.21% (male 187,229/female 184,619)
25-54 years: 27.56% (male 237,162/female 246,021)
55-64 years: 3.32% (male 30,575/female 27,717)
65 years and over: 2.51% (male 22,613/female 21,327) (2016 est.)
0-14 years: 27.73% (male 1,159,980/female 1,106,946)
15-24 years: 15.52% (male 648,199/female 620,218)
25-54 years: 37.15% (male 1,552,754/female 1,484,059)
55-64 years: 8.51% (male 340,601/female 355,382)
65 years and over: 11.09% (male 405,511/female 500,877) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.9 years
male: 16.6 years
female: 17.2 years (2016 est.)
total: 29.7 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 30.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.39% (2016 est.)
1.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate32.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
18.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-5.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.9 years
male: 72.3 years
female: 75.7 years (2016 est.)
total population: 82.4 years
male: 80.6 years
female: 84.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.3 children born/woman (2016 est.)
2.66 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
NA
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
Jewish 74.8% (of which Israel-born 75.6%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 16.6%, Africa-born 4.9%, Asia-born 2.9%), non-Jewish 25.2% (mostly Arab) (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
NA
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then
Jewish 74.8%, Muslim 17.6%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
NA
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.4%
female: 94.5%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes West Bank (2015)
5.9% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank
urban population: 92.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank (2015 est.)
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
3.62 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
3.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth19 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
27.3 years (2011 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76
youth dependency ratio: 70.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.2
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 64.1
youth dependency ratio: 45.7
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook