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Gaza Strip vs. Israel

Demographics

Gaza StripIsrael
Population1,816,379 (July 2014 est.)7,821,850
note: approximately 341,400 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2012); approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012); approximately 196,400 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2011) (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.2% (male 402,848/female 381,155)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 191,710/female 182,405)
25-54 years: 30.1% (male 280,551/female 266,756)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 31,711/female 31,515)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 19,617/female 28,111) (2014 est.)
0-14 years: 27.1% (male 1,084,748/female 1,035,525)
15-24 years: 15.7% (male 628,205/female 599,871)
25-54 years: 37.8% (male 1,508,860/female 1,443,898)
55-64 years: 8.8% (male 333,453/female 352,302)
65 years and over: 10.7% (male 368,318/female 466,670) (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.2 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.4 years (2014 est.)
total: 29.9 years
male: 29.2 years
female: 30.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.91% (2014 est.)1.46% (2014 est.)
Birth rate32.2 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)18.44 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.09 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)1.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
total: 3.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.64 years
male: 72.9 years
female: 76.48 years (2014 est.)
total population: 81.28 years
male: 79.05 years
female: 83.61 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate4.24 children born/woman (2014 est.)2.62 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA0.2% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groupsPalestinian ArabJewish 75.1% (of which Israel-born 73.6%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 17.9%, Africa-born 5.2%, Asia-born 3.2%), non-Jewish 24.9% (mostly Arab) (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA7,500 (2009 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0%
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then (2012 est.)
Jewish 75.1%, Muslim 17.4%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 3.9% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNAfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.9%
female: 92.6%
note: estimates are for the Palestinian Territories (2011 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.1%
male: 98.5%
female: 95.9% (2004 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
urban population: 91.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 81.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 18.2% of population

note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.8% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.2% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 5.7% of population

note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate64 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)7 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Mother's mean age at first birth19
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
27.3 (2011 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 74.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 68.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 %
potential support ratio: 19
note: data represents the Palestinian Territories (2014 est.)
total dependency ratio: 63.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 45.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 17.6 %
potential support ratio: 5.7 (2014 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook