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French Republic
République française  (French)
FlagNational emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Territory of the French Republic in the world[note 1]
Territory of the French Republic in the world[note 1]
Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51.4′N2°21.05′E / 48.8567°N 2.35083°E / 48.8567; 2.35083
Official language
and national language
French[note 2]
DemonymFrench
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentFrançois Hollande
 - Prime MinisterManuel Valls
LegislatureParliament
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseNational Assembly
Establishment from the Carolingian Empire
 - Kingdom of France
(Treaty of Verdun)
August 843 
 - Constitutional monarchy
(Constitution of 1791)
September 1791 
 - French Republic
(National Convention)
22 September 1792 
 - Founded the EEC (now the
European Union)
1 January 1958 
 - Current constitution
(Fifth Republic)
4 October 1958 
Area
 - Total[note 3]640,679[1] km2 (42nd)
246,201 sq mi
 - Metropolitan France
  - IGN[note 4]551,695 km2 (50th)
213,010 sq mi
  - Cadastre[note 5]543,940.9[2] km2 (50th)
210,026 sq mi
Population
 (2014)
 - Total[note 3]66,616,416[3] (20th)
 - Metropolitan France63,929,000[3] (22nd)
 - Density[note 6]116/km2 (89th)
301/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$2.634 trillion[4] (10th)
 - Per capita$41,018[4] (25th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$2.470 trillion[4] (5th)
 - Per capita$38,458[4] (22nd)
Gini (2008)32.7[5]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.884[6]
very high ·20th
Currency
Time zoneCET[note 9](UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)CEST[note 10] (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+33[note 11]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[note 12]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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