Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Country Ranking

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Hong Kong SAR, China 84.11 2015
2 Japan 83.56 2015
3 San Marino 83.32 2011
4 Italy 83.20 2015
5 Singapore 83.09 2015
6 Switzerland 83.02 2015
7 Iceland 82.68 2015
8 Spain 82.66 2015
9 Australia 82.50 2015
10 Israel 82.46 2015
11 Sweden 82.28 2015
12 Liechtenstein 82.26 2014
13 France 82.26 2015
14 Canada 82.14 2015
15 New Zealand 81.96 2015
16 Korea 81.92 2015
17 Luxembourg 81.81 2015
18 Chile 81.79 2015
19 Norway 81.66 2015
20 Netherlands 81.62 2015
21 Austria 81.48 2015
22 Portugal 81.02 2015
23 Germany 81.02 2015
24 Greece 81.01 2015
25 Ireland 81.00 2015
26 Finland 80.92 2015
27 Belgium 80.89 2015
28 United Kingdom 80.78 2015
29 Macao SAR, China 80.77 2015
30 Malta 80.67 2015
31 Slovenia 80.47 2015
32 Denmark 80.35 2015
33 Cyprus 80.31 2015
34 Lebanon 79.63 2015
35 Costa Rica 79.59 2015
36 Puerto Rico 79.57 2015
37 Cuba 79.55 2015
38 United States 79.16 2015
39 Brunei 79.04 2015
40 Qatar 78.76 2015
41 Czech Republic 78.69 2015
42 Albania 78.01 2015
43 Panama 77.77 2015
44 United Arab Emirates 77.54 2015
45 Poland 77.48 2015
46 Croatia 77.38 2015
47 Oman 77.32 2015
48 Uruguay 77.14 2015
49 Mexico 76.92 2015
50 New Caledonia 76.89 2015
51 Bahrain 76.82 2015
52 Estonia 76.71 2015
53 Dominica 76.60 2002
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.59 2015
55 Montenegro 76.34 2015
56 Argentina 76.33 2015
57 Slovak Republic 76.27 2015
58 Ecuador 76.10 2015
59 Antigua and Barbuda 76.10 2015
60 China 75.99 2015
61 Jamaica 75.80 2015
62 Vietnam 75.78 2015
63 Barbados 75.66 2015
64 Iran 75.59 2015
65 Macedonia 75.50 2015
66 Turkey 75.43 2015
67 The Bahamas 75.40 2015
68 St. Lucia 75.18 2015
69 Hungary 75.15 2015
70 Nicaragua 75.10 2015
71 Algeria 75.04 2015
72 Serbia 74.99 2015
73 Tunisia 74.98 2015
74 Sri Lanka 74.95 2015
75 Malaysia 74.88 2015
76 Georgia 74.82 2015
77 Armenia 74.80 2015
78 Romania 74.79 2015
79 Peru 74.78 2015
80 Kuwait 74.70 2015
81 Brazil 74.68 2015
82 Thailand 74.60 2015
83 Mauritius 74.56 2015
84 Saudi Arabia 74.49 2015
85 Venezuela 74.41 2015
86 Bulgaria 74.30 2015
87 Morocco 74.29 2015
88 Jordan 74.20 2015
89 Colombia 74.18 2015
90 Latvia 74.05 2015
91 Samoa 73.76 2015
92 Dominican Republic 73.68 2015
93 Seychelles 73.56 2015
94 Grenada 73.52 2015
95 Cabo Verde 73.36 2015
96 Lithuania 73.33 2015
97 Honduras 73.33 2015
98 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.05 2015
99 Paraguay 73.03 2015
100 El Salvador 73.00 2015
101 Tonga 72.94 2015
102 Vanuatu 72.16 2015
103 Bangladesh 72.00 2015
104 Guatemala 71.96 2015
105 Libya 71.83 2015
106 Moldova 71.63 2015
107 Belarus 71.36 2015
108 St. Kitts and Nevis 71.34 2002
109 Egypt 71.32 2015
110 Greenland 71.31 2012
111 Suriname 71.29 2015
112 Ukraine 70.95 2015
113 Azerbaijan 70.85 2015
114 Kyrgyz Republic 70.73 2015
115 Trinidad and Tobago 70.56 2015
116 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 70.34 2015
117 Fiji 70.26 2015
118 Belize 70.19 2015
119 Russia 70.14 2015
120 Syrian Arab Republic 70.09 2015
121 Nepal 69.97 2015
122 Bhutan 69.83 2015
123 Mongolia 69.82 2015
124 Tajikistan 69.77 2015
125 Iraq 69.59 2015
126 Kazakhstan 69.47 2015
127 Palau 69.13 2005
128 Indonesia 69.07 2015
129 Bolivia 68.74 2015
130 Cambodia 68.66 2015
131 Timor-Leste 68.53 2015
132 Uzbekistan 68.45 2015
133 Philippines 68.41 2015
134 India 68.35 2015
135 Solomon Islands 68.15 2015
136 Senegal 66.80 2015
137 Lao PDR 66.54 2015
138 São Tomé and Principe 66.51 2015
139 Guyana 66.51 2015
140 Pakistan 66.38 2015
141 Kiribati 66.15 2015
142 Myanmar 66.04 2015
143 Turkmenistan 65.74 2015
144 Tanzania 65.49 2015
145 Madagascar 65.48 2015
146 Namibia 64.92 2015
147 Gabon 64.89 2015
148 Ethiopia 64.58 2015
149 Rwanda 64.52 2015
150 Botswana 64.49 2015
151 Eritrea 64.10 2015
152 Yemen 64.03 2015
153 Malawi 63.80 2015
154 Sudan 63.71 2015
155 Comoros 63.55 2015
156 Mauritania 63.20 2015
157 Haiti 63.07 2015
158 Congo 62.87 2015
159 Papua New Guinea 62.78 2015
160 Djibouti 62.29 2015
161 Kenya 62.13 2015
162 Niger 61.97 2015
163 Ghana 61.49 2015
164 Liberia 61.16 2015
165 Zambia 60.79 2015
166 Afghanistan 60.72 2015
167 The Gambia 60.47 2015
168 Togo 60.12 2015
169 Benin 59.72 2015
170 Guinea 59.19 2015
171 Uganda 59.18 2015
172 Zimbabwe 59.16 2015
173 Dem. Rep. Congo 59.02 2015
174 Burkina Faso 58.93 2015
175 Mali 58.46 2015
176 Equatorial Guinea 57.96 2015
177 South Africa 57.44 2015
178 Burundi 57.11 2015
179 Cameroon 55.93 2015
180 Somalia 55.69 2015
181 Guinea-Bissau 55.47 2015
182 Mozambique 55.37 2015
183 Nigeria 53.05 2015
184 Angola 52.67 2015
185 Côte d'Ivoire 51.92 2015
186 Chad 51.87 2015
187 Central African Republic 51.42 2015
188 Sierra Leone 51.31 2015
189 Lesotho 49.96 2015
190 Swaziland 48.87 2015

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Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which reflects a snapshot of a mortality pattern of a population at a given time. It therefore does not reflect actual mortality patterns that a person actually goes through during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual