|People's Republic of China|
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
"March of the Volunteers"
《义勇军进行曲》 (Pinyin: "Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ")
Area controlled by China is in dark green.
Claimed but uncontrolled regions are in light green.
39°55′N116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E
|Official language(s)||Standard Chinese|
|Recognised regional languages||Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, Zhuang, and various others|
|Official written language||Vernacular Chinese|
|Official script||Simplified Chinese|
|Ethnic groups ||91.51% Han; 55 recognised minorities|
|Government||Nominally Marxist–Leninistsingle-party state[a]|
| - ||Paramount Leader[b]||Hu Jintao|
| - ||Premier||Wen Jiabao|
| - ||Congress Chairman||Wu Bangguo|
| - ||Conference Chairman||Jia Qinglin|
|Legislature||National People's Congress|
| - ||Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty||221 BC |
| - ||Republic established||1 January 1912 |
| - ||People's Republic proclaimed||1 October 1949 |
| - ||Total||9,640,821 km2 [c] or 9,671,018 km² [c](3rd/4th)|
3,704,427 sq mi
| - ||Water (%)||2.8[d]|
| - ||2010 census||1,339,724,852 (1st)|
| - ||Density||139.6/km2 (53rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
| - ||Total||$11.299 trillion (2nd)|
| - ||Per capita||$8,382 (91st)|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
| - ||Total||$7.298 trillion (2nd)|
| - ||Per capita||$5,413 (90th)|
|Gini (2007)||41.5 |
|HDI (2011)|| 0.687 (medium) (101st)|
|Currency||Renminbi (yuan) (¥) (|
|Time zone||China Standard Time(UTC+8)|
|Drives on the||right, except for Hong Kong & Macau|
|ISO 3166 code||CN|
|a. ^ Simple characterizations of the political structure since the 1980s are no longer possible.|
b. ^ As paramount leader, Hu Jintao holds four concurrent positions: General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission for both state and party.
c. ^ 9,598,086 km2 (3,705,842 sq mi) excludes all disputed territories.d. ^ Information for mainland China only. Hong Kong, Macau, and territories under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) are excluded.
9,640,821 km2 (3,722,342 sq mi) Includes Chinese-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), Taiwan is not included.