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China Demographics Profile 2013

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Population1,349,585,838 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.2% (male 124,773,577/female 107,286,198)
15-24 years: 15.4% (male 109,922,192/female 98,325,568)
25-54 years: 46.7% (male 322,161,347/female 308,101,780)
55-64 years: 11.3% (male 77,374,476/female 75,289,733)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 60,597,243/female 65,753,724) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 36.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.1 %
potential support ratio: 8.2 (2013)
Median agetotal: 36.3 years
male: 35.5 years
female: 37.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.46% (2013 est.)
Birth rate12.25 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.31 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationShanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.99 years
male: 72.96 years
female: 77.27 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.55 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84.6% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS740,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths26,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 9% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 74% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 26% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 36% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groupsHan Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)
ReligionsDaoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
LanguagesStandard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 97.5%
female: 92.7% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2011)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate37 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.456 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013