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China vs. India

Demographics

ChinaIndia
Population1,355,692,576 (July 2014 est.)1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.1% (male 124,340,516/female 107,287,324)
15-24 years: 14.7% (male 105,763,058/female 93,903,845)
25-54 years: 47.2% (male 327,130,324/female 313,029,536)
55-64 years: 11.3% (male 77,751,100/female 75,737,968)
65 years and over: 9.6% (male 62,646,075/female 68,102,830) (2014 est.)
0-14 years: 28.5% (male 187,016,401/female 165,048,695)
15-24 years: 18.1% (male 118,696,540/female 105,342,764)
25-54 years: 40.6% (male 258,202,535/female 243,293,143)
55-64 years: 7% (male 43,625,668/female 43,175,111)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 34,133,175/female 37,810,599) (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.7 years
male: 35.8 years
female: 37.5 years (2014 est.)
total: 27 years
male: 26.4 years
female: 27.7 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.44% (2014 est.)1.25% (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.17 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)19.89 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.44 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)7.35 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.79 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
total: 43.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 41.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.15 years
male: 73.09 years
female: 77.43 years (2014 est.)
total population: 67.8 years
male: 66.68 years
female: 69.06 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.55 children born/woman (2014 est.)2.51 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)0.3% (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groupsHan Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%
note: the Chinese government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 est.)
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS780,000 (2012 est.)2.085 million (2012 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < .1%, Jewish < .1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%
note: officially atheist (2010 est.)
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS - deaths26,000 (2009 est.)135,500 (2012 est.)
LanguagesStandard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uyghur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 97.5%
female: 92.7% (2010 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.8%
male: 75.2%
female: 50.8% (2006 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2012)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Education expendituresNA3.2% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 31.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 91.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 8.1% of population (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 96.7% of population
rural: 90.7% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.3% of population
rural: 9.3% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 74.1% of population
rural: 55.8% of population
total: 65.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 25.9% of population
rural: 44.2% of population
total: 34.7% of population (2012 est.)
improved:
urban: 60.2% of population
rural: 24.7% of population
total: 36% of population
unimproved:
urban: 39.8% of population
rural: 75.3% of population
total: 64% of population (2012 est.)
Major cities - populationShanghai 20.208 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Guangzhou 10.849 million; Shenzhen 10.63 million; Chongqing 9.977 million; Wuhan 9.158 million (2011)NEW DELHI (capital) 22.654 million; Mumbai 19.744 million; Kolkata 14.402 million; Chennai 8.784 million; Bangalore 8.614 million; Hyderabad 7.837 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate37 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)43.5% (2006)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)3.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)0.65 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)0.9 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.7% (2008)1.9% (2008)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84.6% (2006)54.8% (2007/08)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 37.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.5 %
potential support ratio: 8 (2014 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.1 %
potential support ratio: 12.3 (2014 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook