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China vs. India

Demographics

ChinaIndia
Population1,349,585,838 (July 2013 est.)1,220,800,359 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.2% (male 124,773,577/female 107,286,198)
15-24 years: 15.4% (male 109,922,192/female 98,325,568)
25-54 years: 46.7% (male 322,161,347/female 308,101,780)
55-64 years: 11.3% (male 77,374,476/female 75,289,733)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 60,597,243/female 65,753,724) (2013 est.)
0-14 years: 28.9% (male 187,236,677/female 165,219,615)
15-24 years: 18.2% (male 117,385,009/female 104,516,448)
25-54 years: 40.4% (male 253,642,261/female 239,219,931)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 42,307,170/female 41,785,413)
65 years and over: 5.7% (male 32,992,850/female 36,494,985) (2013 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.3 years
male: 35.5 years
female: 37.2 years (2013 est.)
total: 26.7 years
male: 26.1 years
female: 27.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.46% (2013 est.)1.28% (2013 est.)
Birth rate12.25 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)20.24 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.31 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)7.39 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
total: 44.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 43.28 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.99 years
male: 72.96 years
female: 77.27 years (2013 est.)
total population: 67.48 years
male: 66.38 years
female: 68.7 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.55 children born/woman (2013 est.)2.55 children born/woman (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)0.3% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian
Ethnic groupsHan Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census)Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS740,000 (2009 est.)2.4 million (2009 est.)
ReligionsDaoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS - deaths26,000 (2009 est.)170,000 (2009 est.)
LanguagesStandard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uighur is official in Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 97.5%
female: 92.7% (2010 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.8%
male: 75.2%
female: 50.8% (2006 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2011)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2010)
Education expendituresNA3.3% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 31.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 85% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 15% of population
total: 9% of population (2010 est.)
improved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 90% of population
total: 92% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 10% of population
total: 8% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 74% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 26% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 36% of population (2010 est.)
improved:
urban: 58% of population
rural: 23% of population
total: 34% of population
unimproved:
urban: 42% of population
rural: 77% of population
total: 66% of population (2010 est.)
Major cities - populationShanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million (2011)NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate37 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)43.5% (2006)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)3.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.456 physicians/1,000 population (2010)0.65 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)0.9 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.7% (2008)1.9% (2008)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84.6% (2006)54.8% (2007/08)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 36.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.1 %
potential support ratio: 8.2 (2013)
total dependency ratio: 52.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 44.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8 %
potential support ratio: 12.4 (2013)

Source: CIA Factbook