Agricultural Production, Supply, and Distribution

This section contains current and historical data on production, supply, and distribution of agricultural commodities for key producing and consuming countries. All data is sourced from the United States Department of Agriculture PSD database. It is updated approximately once per month.

Data is organized by commodity, country, and variable. Available variables include all the components of a supply and distribution table. A supply and distribution, or supply and use, table is a standard method of accounting for the total supply of a particular commodity and the total use of the same commodity. Supply and use tables are usually on the basis of the marketing year for the commodity because that is the period in which the supply and use will balance. In every supply and use table, supply must equal use in each marketing year.

  • Supply = beginning stocks + domestic production + imports.
  • Use = domestic consumption + exports + ending stocks.
  • Domestic consumption = all possible uses of the commodity: food, feed, seed, waste, and industrial processing.

Stocks include all of the commodity which is not currently in use, regardless of where it is stored: on the farm, in a warehouse or elevator awaiting marketing, at a port awaiting shipment, at a mill awaiting use, or in emergency government reserve.

  • Ending stocks = the unused commodity remaining at the end of the marketing year for use in the next year.
  • Beginning stocks = the ending stocks carried into the new marketing year from the previous year.

Although the supply and use data are balanced for the local marketing year, the PSD Online system also includes standard international trade years for some commodities for comparison purposes.

How does it work?

Click on a commodity from the list on the left or on a country from the list on the right
Country
Afghanistan
Africa, NEC
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Azores
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium (without Luxembourg)
Belgium-Luxembourg
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Indian Ocean Territory
British West Pacific Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Canary Islands
Canton and Enderbury Islands
Cape Verde
Caribbean Basin
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo, The Democratic Republic Of The
Costa Rica
Côte D'ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Czechoslovakia
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
EU-15
EU-25
EU-27
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Faroe Islands
Federal Republic of Germany
Fernando Po
Fiji
Finland
France
French Equatorial Africa
French Guiana
French Indian Ocean Territory
French Polynesia
French Territory of Afars and Issas
French West Indies
Gabon
Gambia
Gaza Strip
Georgia
German Democratic Republic
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Gilbert and Ellice Islands
Greece
Greenland
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Republic Of
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Korea, Democratic People's Republic Of
Korea, Republic Of
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Leeward-Windward Islands
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic Of
Madagascar
Madeira Islands
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Midway Islands
Moldova, Republic Of
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
Netherlands Antilles
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
North Vietnam
Norway
Oman
Other
Other Pacific Islands, NEC
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Republic of South Vietnam
Réunion
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Ryukyu Islands/Nansei Islands
Saint Helena
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Serbia and Montenegro
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Southern Asia NEC
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Taiwan, Province Of China
Tajikistan
Tanzania, United Republic Of
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Trust Territory of the Pacific
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
U.S.S.R.
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Virgin Islands, British
Wake Island
West Bank
Western Sahara
Yemen
Yemen (Aden)
Yemen (Sanaa)
Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia (after Jan 2001)
Yugoslavia (after May 1992)
Zambia
Zimbabwe