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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Motto: Dios y Federación
("God and Federation")
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
("Glory to the Brave People")
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
10°30′N66°55′W / 10.500°N 66.917°W / 10.500; -66.917
Official languagesSpanish[b]
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2011)[1]
Religion
(2012)[2]
89% Christianity
—71% Roman Catholic
—17% Protestant
—1% Other Christian
8% No religion
2% Other religions
1% No answer
Demonym(s)Venezuelan
GovernmentFederaldominant-partypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic
Delcy Rodríguez (constitutional position disputed)
LegislatureNational Assembly
Constituent Assembly (disputed)
Independence
• from Spain
5 July 1811
• from Gran Colombia
13 January 1830
• Recognized
29 March 1845
• Admitted to the United Nations
15 November 1945
20 December 1999[4]
Area
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
3.2%[d]
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase 28,887,118 [5][6] (government)
28,067,000 (IMF)[7] (45th)
• Density
33.74/km2 (87.4/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $204.291 billion[8]
• Per capita
Decrease $7,344[9]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $63.960 billion[9] (51st)
• Per capita
Decrease $2,299[9] (93rd)
Gini (2013)Negative increase 44.8[10]
medium
HDI (2018)Decrease 0.726[11]
high · 96th
Currency (VES)
Time zoneUTC−4 (VET)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
  1. ^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
  2. ^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
  3. ^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Italian, Amerindian, African, Portuguese, Arab and German descent.
  4. ^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
  5. ^ On 20 August 2018, a new bolivar was introduced, the Bolívar soberano (ISO 4217 code VES) worth 100,000 VEF.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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