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Republic of Tunisia

الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
République tunisienne  (French)
Motto: حرية، كرامة، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, Karāma, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"freedom, dignity, justice, and order"[1]
Anthem: حماة الحمى
"Humat al-Hima"
(English: "Defenders of the Homeland")
Location of Tunisia (dark blue) in Africa (light blue)
Location of Tunisia (dark blue)

in Africa (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Tunis
36°49′N10°11′E / 36.817°N 10.183°E / 36.817; 10.183
Official languagesArabic[2]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Berber 94%, Arab 4% European 1%, Jewish and other 1% [8][9]
Demonym(s)Tunisian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic[10][11]
Kais Saied
Hichem Mechichi
Rached Ghannouchi
LegislatureAssembly of the Representatives of the People
Formation
• Husainid Dynasty inaugurated
15 July 1705
• Independence from France
20 March 1956
25 July 1957
7 November 1987
14 January 2011
10 February 2014
Area
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
5.0
Population
• 2019 estimate
11,722,038[12] (78th)
• Density
71/km2 (183.9/sq mi) (133rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $159.707 billion[13]
• Per capita
Increase $13,417[13]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $44.192 billion[13]
• Per capita
Increase $3,713[13]
Gini (2017)35.8[14]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.739[15]
high · 91st
CurrencyTunisian dinar (TND)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+216
ISO 3166 codeTN
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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