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Tunisia Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Geographic coordinates34 00 N, 9 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 163,610 sq km
land: 155,360 sq km
water: 8,250 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Georgia
Land boundariestotal: 1,495 km
border countries (2): Algeria 1,034 km, Libya 461 km
Coastline1,148 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Climatetemperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Terrainmountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 246 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Land useagricultural land: 64.8%
arable land 18.3%; permanent crops 15.4%; permanent pasture 31.1%
forest: 6.6%
other: 28.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land4,590 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe overwhelming majority of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the south remains largely underpopulated
Natural hazardsflooding; earthquakes; droughts
Environment - current issuestoxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - notestrategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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