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Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°40′0″N61°30′27″W / 10.66667°N 61.50750°W / 10.66667; -61.50750
Largest citySan Fernando
10°17′N61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Official languagesEnglish[1]
Other languagesSee Languages in Trinidad and Tobago[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011)[3]
Religion
(2011)[3][4]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Paula-Mae Weekes(I)
Keith Rowley(PNM)
Bridgid Annisette-George(PNM)
Christine Kangaloo(PNM)
Ivor Archie
Kamla Persad-Bissessar(UNC)
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Amerindian tribes settle
c. 5000 BC
• Colonised by Spain
1530
• Spain cedes Trinidad to Great Britain; formalised at the Treaty of Amiens
1797 and 25 March 1802
• France cedes Tobago to the U.K. at the Treaty of Paris
30 May 1814
• Unification of Trinidad and Tobago
1888
• Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962
• Independence from the United Kingdom
31 August 1962
• Joins CARICOM at the Treaty of Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
(celebrated 24 September)[6][7][8]
Area
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (165th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2019 estimate
1,363,985[9] (156th)
• 2011 census
1,328,019[10]
• Density
264/km2 (683.8/sq mi) (54th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$45.149 billion
• Per capita
$32,684[11]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$22.438 billion
• Per capita
$16,243[11]
Gini (2012)39.0[12]
medium
HDI (2018)Steady 0.799[13]
high · 63rd
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1(868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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