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Swiss Confederation

Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of Switzerland (green) in Europe (green and dark grey)
Location of Switzerland (green)

in Europe (green and dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern(de facto)[note 1][1][2]
46°57′N7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest cityZürich
Official languagesGerman
French
Italian
Romansh
Religion
(2018[3])
Demonym(s)English: Swiss,
German: Schweizer(in),
French: Suisse(sse),
Italian: svizzero/svizzera, or elvetico/elvetica,
Romansh: Svizzer/Svizra
GovernmentFederalsemi-direct democracy under a multi-party assembly-independent[4][5]directorialrepublic
Walter Thurnherr
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Council of States
National Council
History
c. 1300[note 2] (traditionally 1 August 1291)
24 October 1648
7 August 1815
12 September 1848[note 3][6]
Area
• Total
41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.34 (as of 2015)[7]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 8,570,146[8] (99th)
• 2015 census
8,327,126[9]
• Density
207/km2 (536.1/sq mi) (48th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $584 billion[10] (38th)
• Per capita
Increase $67,557[10] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $749 billion[10] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase $86,673[10] (2nd)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 29.7[11]
low · 19th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.946[12]
very high · 2nd
CurrencySwiss franc (CHF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code+41
ISO 3166 codeCH
Internet TLD.ch, .swiss

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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