Flag of Switzerland

Switzerland Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Switzerland

Population8,236,303 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.16% (male 642,814/female 605,689)
15-24 years: 10.88% (male 458,044/female 438,373)
25-54 years: 43.21% (male 1,784,051/female 1,774,494)
55-64 years: 12.6% (male 519,709/female 518,421)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 658,673/female 836,035) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.8
youth dependency ratio: 22
elderly dependency ratio: 26.8
potential support ratio: 3.7 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.4 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 43.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.69% (2017 est.)
Birth rate10.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationZurich 1.246 million; BERN (capital) 358,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.6 years
male: 80.3 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.56 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.9% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.8% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.2% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Swiss (singular and plural)
adjective: Swiss
Ethnic groupsGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 37.3%, Protestant 24.9%, other Christian 5.8%, Muslim 5.1%, other 1.4%, Jewish 0.2%, none 23.9%, unspecified 1.3% (2015 est.)
LanguagesGerman (or Swiss German) (official) 63%, French (official) 22.7%, Italian (official) 8.1%, English 4.9%, Portuguese 3.7%, Albanian 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2.4%, Spanish 2.2%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 7.1%
note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures11.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.11 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Demographics Comparison