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Korea, South Demographics Profile 2018

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Population51,181,299 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.21% (male 3,484,398/female 3,276,984)
15-24 years: 12.66% (male 3,415,998/female 3,065,144)
25-54 years: 45.52% (male 11,992,462/female 11,303,726)
55-64 years: 14.49% (male 3,660,888/female 3,756,947)
65 years and over: 14.12% (male 3,080,601/female 4,144,151) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 36.7
youth dependency ratio: 19
elderly dependency ratio: 17.7
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.48% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationSEOUL (capital) 9.774 million; Busan (Pusan) 3.216 million; Incheon (Inch'on) 2.685 million; Daegu (Taegu) 2.244 million; Daejon (Taejon) 1.564 million; Gwangju (Kwangju) 1.536 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth31 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.5 years
male: 79.3 years
female: 85.8 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.26 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate80%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 87.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 12.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groupshomogeneous
ReligionsProtestant 19.7%, Buddhist 15.5%, Catholic 7.9%, none 56.9%
note: many people practice Confucianism, regardless of their religion or not having a religious affiliation (2015 est.)
LanguagesKorean, English (widely taught in junior high and high school)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
Education expenditures4.6% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.7% (2010)
Health expenditures7.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.23 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density10.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.7% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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