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Korea, South Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
51,418,097 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.03% (male 3,448,627 /female 3,251,786)
15-24 years: 12.19% (male 3,295,814 /female 2,970,439)
25-54 years: 45.13% (male 11,986,760 /female 11,220,268)
55-64 years: 15.09% (male 3,825,127 /female 3,935,700)
65 years and over: 14.55% (male 3,202,232 /female 4,281,344) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 36.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 19 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 17.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 42.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.6 years
female: 44 years
Population growth rate
0.44% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 81.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
9.962 million SEOUL (capital), 3.466 million Busan, 2.783 million Incheon, 2.209 million Daegu (Taegu), 1.562 million Daejon (Taejon), 1.519 million Gwangju (Kwangju) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
31 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.4 years
female: 85.8 years
Total fertility rate
1.27 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
79.6% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 20-49

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 87.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 12.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groups
homogeneous
Religions
Protestant 19.7%, Buddhist 15.5%, Catholic 7.9%, none 56.9% (2015 est.)

note: many people also carry on at least some Confucian traditions and practices

Languages
Korean, English (widely taught in elementary, junior high, and high school)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
11 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
0.7% (2010)
Health expenditures
7.4% (2015)
Physicians density
2.37 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
11.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
4.7% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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