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South Korea vs. North Korea

Demographics

South KoreaNorth Korea
Population
51,418,097 (July 2018 est.)
25,381,085 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.03% (male 3,448,627 /female 3,251,786)
15-24 years: 12.19% (male 3,295,814 /female 2,970,439)
25-54 years: 45.13% (male 11,986,760 /female 11,220,268)
55-64 years: 15.09% (male 3,825,127 /female 3,935,700)
65 years and over: 14.55% (male 3,202,232 /female 4,281,344) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 20.65% (male 2,669,357 /female 2,571,195)
15-24 years: 15.35% (male 1,959,440 /female 1,935,607)
25-54 years: 44.17% (male 5,627,175 /female 5,583,008)
55-64 years: 10.34% (male 1,241,473 /female 1,383,444)
65 years and over: 9.5% (male 826,101 /female 1,584,285) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 42.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.6 years
female: 44 years
total: 34.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 32.7 years
female: 35.8 years
Population growth rate
0.44% (2018 est.)
0.52% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
14.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 21.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 23.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.4 years
female: 85.8 years
total population: 71 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.2 years
female: 75 years
Total fertility rate
1.27 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.94 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
NA
Nationality
noun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
noun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groups
homogeneous
racially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
NA
Religions
Protestant 19.7%, Buddhist 15.5%, Catholic 7.9%, none 56.9% (2015 est.)

note: many people also carry on at least some Confucian traditions and practices

traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way)

note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom

HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
NA
Languages
Korean, English (widely taught in elementary, junior high, and high school)
Korean
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2015)
Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2015)
NA
Urbanization
urban population: 81.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 62.1% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.82% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 87.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 12.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2012 est.)
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 72.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 81.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 12.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 27.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 18.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
9.962 million SEOUL (capital), 3.466 million Busan, 2.783 million Incheon, 2.209 million Daegu (Taegu), 1.562 million Daejon (Taejon), 1.519 million Gwangju (Kwangju) (2019)
3.061 million PYONGYANG (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
11 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
89 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
0.7% (2010)
9.3% (2017)
Physicians density
2.37 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
3.67 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
11.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
13.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
4.7% (2016)
6.8% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
79.6% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 20-49

78.2% (2014)

note: percent of women aged 20-49

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 36.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 19 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 17.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 44.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 30.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 14 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook