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Netherlands

Nederland  (Dutch)
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"  (French)
"I will maintain"
Anthem: "Wilhelmus van Nassouwe"  (Dutch)
"William of Nassau"

Location of the European part of the Netherlands (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of the European part of the Netherlands (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[a]
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Government seatThe Hague[a]
Official languagesDutch
Co-official[b]
Recognised[c]
Ethnic groups
(2019)[2]
Religion
(2016)[3]
Demonym(s)Dutch
Sovereign stateKingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Willem-Alexander
Mark Rutte
Thom de Graaf
LegislatureStates General
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from Habsburg Spain
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Kingdom established
16 March 1815
5 May 1945
• Charter
15 December 1954
10 October 2010
Area
• Total
41,865[4][5] km2 (16,164 sq mi) (131st)
• Water (%)
10.32 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2020 estimate
17,418,808 Increase[7] (68th)
• Density
521/km2 (1,349.4/sq mi) (16th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.004 trillion[8] (28th)
• Per capita
$58,255[8] (13th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$914 billion[8] (17th)
• Per capita
$53,016[8] (13th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 26.6[9]
low · 15th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.933[10]
very high · 10th
Currency
Time zone
• Summer (DST)
Note: Even though the European Netherlands are located within the UTC±0 longitudes, the country adopted UTC+1 (Central European Time) as its standard time under German occupation on 2 November 1942, with a +0:40:28 offset (+1:40:28 during DST) from Amsterdam’s LMT (UTC+0:19:32).[12]
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+31, +599[f]
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD.nl, .bq[g]
Location of Netherlands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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