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Malaysia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam
Geographic coordinates2 30 N, 112 30 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 329,847 sq km
land: 328,657 sq km
water: 1,190 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than New Mexico
Land boundariestotal: 2,742 km
border countries (3): Brunei 266 km, Indonesia 1,881 km, Thailand 595 km
Coastline4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
Climatetropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
Terraincoastal plains rising to hills and mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 419 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m
Natural resourcestin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Land useagricultural land: 23.2%
arable land 2.9%; permanent crops 19.4%; permanent pasture 0.9%
forest: 62%
other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land3,800 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona highly uneven distribution with over 80% of the population residing on the Malay Peninsula
Natural hazardsflooding; landslides; forest fires
Environment - current issuesair pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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