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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

  • Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg  (Luxembourgish)
  • Grand-Duché de Luxembourg  (French)
  • Großherzogtum Luxemburg  (German)
Anthem: "Ons Heemecht"
("Our Homeland")

Location of Luxembourg (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Luxembourg (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Luxembourg City
49°48′52″N06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167Coordinates: 49°48′52″N06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167
Official languages
Nationality (2017)
Religion
(2018[1])
Demonym(s)Luxembourger
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
Henri
Xavier Bettel
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
Independence
• from the French Empire and elevation to Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
15 March 1815
• Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (Treaty of London)
19 April 1839
• Reaffirmation of Independence Treaty of London
11 May 1867
23 November 1890
• from the Greater German Reich
1944 / 1945
• Admitted to the United Nations
24 October 1945
• Founded the EEC[b]
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (167th)
• Water (%)
0.23 (as of 2015)[2]
Population
• January 2020 estimate
Increase 626,108[3] (168th)
• 2011 census
512,353
• Density
233.7/km2 (605.3/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $66.848 billion[4] (99th)
• Per capita
Increase $112,045[4] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $69.453 billion[4] (69th)
• Per capita
Decrease $113,196[4] (1st)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 33.2[5]
medium · 19th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.909[6]
very high · 21st
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Note: Although Luxembourg is located in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 1 June 1904, LMT (UTC+0:24:36) was abandoned and Central European Time/UTC+1 was adopted as standard time,[1] with a +0:35:24 offset (+1:35:24 during DST) from Luxembourg City’s LMT.
Driving sideright
Calling code+352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lub
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
  3. ^"Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2013.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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