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Luxembourg Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Europe, between France and Germany
Geographic coordinates49 45 N, 6 10 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 2,586 sq km
land: 2,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Rhode Island; about half the size of Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 327 km
border countries (3): Belgium 130 km, France 69 km, Germany 128 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatemodified continental with mild winters, cool summers
Terrainmostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 325 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Moselle River 133 m
highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m
Natural resourcesiron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
Land useagricultural land: 50.7%
arable land 24%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 26.1%
forest: 33.5%
other: 15.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost people live in the south, on or near the border with France
Natural hazardsoccasional flooding
Environment - current issuesair and water pollution in urban areas, soil pollution of farmland
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Geography - notelandlocked; the only grand duchy in the world

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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