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Republic of Latvia

Latvijas Republika  (Latvian)
Anthem: 
Dievs, svētī Latviju!
God Bless Latvia!
Location of Latvia (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Latvia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Riga
56°57′N24°6′E / 56.950°N 24.100°E / 56.950; 24.100
Official languagesLatviana
Ethnic groups
(2019[1])
Religion
Demonym(s)Latvian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Egils Levits
Krišjānis Kariņš
Ināra Mūrniece
LegislatureSaeima
Independence 
from Russia
18 November 1918
26 January 1921
7 November 1922
21 August 1991
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi) (122nd)
• Water (%)
2.09 (as of 2015)[5]
Population
• 2020 estimate
1,907,675[6] (147th)
• 2011 census
2,070,371[7]
• Density
29.6/km2 (76.7/sq mi) (147th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$63.490 billion[8]
• Per capita
$30,579[8] (43rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$36.771 billion[8]
• Per capita
$17,230[8] (42nd)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 35.2[9]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.854[10]
very high · 39th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+371
ISO 3166 codeLV
Internet TLD.lvc
  1. Latvian is the sole official language.[11][12]Livonian is considered an indigenous language and has special legal status.[13]Latgalian written language and Latvian Sign Language also have special legal status.[14]
  2. Latvia is de jure continuous with its declaration of 18 November 1918.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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