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Ireland[a]

Éire  (Irish)
Anthem: "Amhrán na bhFiann"
(English: "The Soldiers' Song")
Location of Ireland (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Ireland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Dublin
53°20.65′N6°16.05′W / 53.34417°N 6.26750°W / 53.34417; -6.26750Coordinates: 53°N8°W / 53°N 8°W / 53; -8
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2016[2])
  • 82.2% White Irish
  • 9.5% Other White
  • 2.6% Not stated
  • 2.1% Asian Irish / Other Asian
  • 1.5% Other ethn.
  • 1.2% Black Irish / Black African
  • 0.7% Irish Traveller
  • 0.1% Other Black
Religion
(2016[3])
Demonym(s)Irish
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Michael D. Higgins
Micheál Martin
Leo Varadkar
Frank Clarke
LegislatureOireachtas
Seanad
Dáil
Stages of independence 
24 April 1916
21 January 1919
6 December 1921
6 December 1922
29 December 1937
18 April 1949
Area
• Total
70,273 km2 (27,133 sq mi) (118th)
• Water (%)
2.00
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 4,977,400[4] (124th)
• Density
70.8/km2 (183.4/sq mi) (113th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $412.797 billion[5] (46th)
• Per capita
Increase $86,988[5] (4th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $384.940 billion[5] (32nd)
• Per capita
Decrease $77,771[5] (4th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 28.9[6]
low · 23rd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.942[7]
very high · 3rd
CurrencyEuro ()[note 1] (EUR)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (IST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+353
ISO 3166 codeIE
Internet TLD.ie[c]
  1. ^Article 4 of the Constitution of Ireland declares that the name of the state is Ireland; Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".[8]
  2. ^ Also the sole national language, as per the Section 2 of the Official Languages Act 2003.
  3. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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