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Ireland Demographics Profile 2018

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Population5,011,102 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 21.46% (male 549,864/female 525,608)
15-24 years: 11.84% (male 301,114/female 292,055)
25-54 years: 43.2% (male 1,087,587/female 1,077,383)
55-64 years: 10.42% (male 261,650/female 260,737)
65 years and over: 13.07% (male 303,078/female 352,026) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.8
youth dependency ratio: 33.4
elderly dependency ratio: 20.3
potential support ratio: 4.9 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.8 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 37.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.15% (2017 est.)
Birth rate14.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 63.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.45% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationDUBLIN (capital) 1.169 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.7 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.9 years
male: 78.6 years
female: 83.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.97 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,200 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.9% of population
rural: 97.8% of population
total: 97.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.1% of population
rural: 2.2% of population
total: 2.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 92.9% of population
total: 90.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 7.1% of population
total: 9.5% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
adjective: Irish
Ethnic groupsIrish 82.2%, Irish travelers 0.7%, other white 9.5%, Asian 2.1%, black 1.4%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 78.3%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Orthodox 1.3%, Muslim 1.3%, other 2.4%, none 9.8%, unspecified 2.6% (2016 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland's western coast known as gaeltachtai, which are officially recognized regions where Irish is the predominant language)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 19 years
male: 19 years
female: 19 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.79 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density2.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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