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Iceland

Ísland
Anthem: "Lofsöngur"
Iceland (orthographic projection).svg
Europe-Iceland.svg
Capital
and largest city
Reykjavík
64°08′N21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Official language
and national language
Icelandic
Ethnic groups
(2018)[a][1]
Religion
Church of Iceland
Demonym(s)Icelander
Icelandic
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Steingrímur J. Sigfússon
Þorgeir Örlygsson
LegislatureAlthing
Formation
9th century
• Commonwealth
Founding of the Althing
930–1262
• Union with Norway
Signing of the Old Covenant
1262–1397
1397–1523
1523–1814
• Treaty of Kiel
Ceded to Denmark
14 January 1814
• Constitution and limited home rule
Minister for Iceland appointed
5 January 1874
• Extended home rule
1 February 1904
1 December 1918
17 June 1944
3 May 1960
Area
• Total
102,775[2] km2 (39,682 sq mi) (106th)
• Water (%)
2.07 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• 2020 estimate
364,134[4] (179th)
• 2011 census
315,556[5]
• Density
3.5/km2 (9.1/sq mi) (190th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$20 billion[6] (142nd)
• Per capita
$56,066[6] (16th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$24 billion[6]
• Per capita
$67,037[6] (5th)
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 24.1[7]
low · 2nd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.938[8]
very high · 6th
CurrencyIcelandic króna (ISK)
Time zoneUTC[b] (GMT/WET)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+354
ISO 3166 codeIS
Internet TLD.is

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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