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Iceland Demographics Profile

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Population
350,734 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 20.31% (male 36,394/female 34,837)
15-24 years: 12.85% (male 22,748/female 22,317)
25-54 years: 39.44% (male 70,227/female 68,095)
55-64 years: 11.94% (male 20,762/female 21,111)
65 years and over: 15.47% (male 25,546/female 28,697) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 54
youth dependency ratio: 29.9
elderly dependency ratio: 24.1
potential support ratio: 4.2 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 37.1 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 37.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.02% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
13.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 93.9% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.81% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
216,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 100.4 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.8 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 83.3 years
male: 81 years
female: 85.6 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.97 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic
Ethnic groups
homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 81%, population with foreign background 19% (2018 est.)
note: population with foreign background includes immigrants and persons having at least one parent who was born abroad
Religions
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 67.2%, Roman Catholic 3.9%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.8%, Hafnarfjordur Free Church 2%, Asatru Association 1.2%, The Independent Congregation .9%, other religions 4% (includes Zuist and Pentecostal), none 6.7%, other or unspecified 11.3% (2018 est.)
Languages
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2018)
Education expenditures
7.5% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.3% (2017)
Physicians density
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020