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Iceland Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
343,518 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 20.4% (male 35,812 /female 34,249)
15-24 years: 13.22% (male 22,952 /female 22,444)
25-54 years: 39.76% (male 69,177 /female 67,401)
55-64 years: 11.87% (male 20,350 /female 20,426)
65 years and over: 14.76% (male 23,822 /female 26,885) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51.6 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 30.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 20.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.8 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 36.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 36.1 years
female: 37.3 years
Population growth rate
1.08% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
13.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 93.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.81% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
216,000 REYKJAVIK (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.4 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 83.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 80.9 years
female: 85.5 years
Total fertility rate
1.99 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 98.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 1.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 1.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic
Ethnic groups
homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 81%, population with foreign background 19% (2018 est.)

note: population with foreign background includes immigrants and persons having at least one parent who was born abroad
Religions
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 67.2%, Roman Catholic 3.9%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.8%, Hafnarfjordur Free Church 2%, Asatru Association 1.2%, The Independent Congregation .9%, other religions 4% (includes Zuist and Pentecostal), none 6.7%, other or unspecified 11.3% (2018 est.)
Languages
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2016)
Education expenditures
7.7% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.6% (2015)
Physicians density
3.97 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019