Flag of Iceland

Iceland Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Iceland

Population339,747 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 20.4% (male 35,418/female 33,887)
15-24 years: 13.5% (male 23,190/female 22,659)
25-54 years: 39.88% (male 68,579/female 66,899)
55-64 years: 11.81% (male 20,119/female 20,007)
65 years and over: 14.42% (male 22,936/female 26,053) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.6
youth dependency ratio: 30.8
elderly dependency ratio: 20.8
potential support ratio: 4.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.5 years
male: 35.9 years
female: 37.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.13% (2017 est.)
Birth rate13.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 94.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationREYKJAVIK (capital) 184,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.4 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 83.1 years
male: 80.9 years
female: 85.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic
Ethnic groupshomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 69.9%, Roman Catholic 3.8%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, Asatru Association 1.1%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 4% (includes Zuist and Pentecostal), none 6.1%, other or unspecified 9.2% (2017 est.)
LanguagesIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 18 years
female: 21 years (2013)
Education expenditures7.8% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures8.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.79 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density3.18 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018