Intentional homicides, male (per 100,000 male) - Country Ranking

Definition: Intentional homicides, male are estimates of unlawful male homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.

Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 El Salvador 116.00 2017
2 Jamaica 103.40 2017
3 Venezuela 101.50 2012
4 Honduras 75.20 2017
5 Belize 70.10 2017
6 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.00 2016
7 The Bahamas 59.80 2017
8 Trinidad and Tobago 58.30 2015
9 Brazil 57.70 2017
10 Guatemala 55.80 2014
11 St. Lucia 55.70 2017
12 South Africa 51.40 2011
13 Colombia 46.20 2017
14 Mexico 44.50 2017
15 Puerto Rico 36.60 2017
16 Central African Republic 29.40 2016
17 Seychelles 29.10 2014
18 Antigua and Barbuda 24.80 2008
19 Guyana 23.90 2017
20 Costa Rica 22.20 2017
21 Barbados 20.40 2017
22 Dominican Republic 19.10 2017
23 Grenada 18.50 2017
24 Uganda 18.30 2017
25 Haiti 17.70 2016
26 Panama 17.10 2017
27 Paraguay 16.60 2015
28 Iraq 16.30 2013
29 Nicaragua 15.30 2015
30 Philippines 15.10 2012
31 Cabo Verde 14.70 2015
31 Russia 14.70 2017
33 Peru 13.90 2017
34 Uruguay 13.70 2017
35 Tanzania 11.50 2015
36 Ukraine 11.20 2017
37 Kyrgyz Republic 10.90 2009
38 Burundi 9.90 2016
39 Mongolia 9.60 2017
40 Ecuador 9.30 2017
41 Suriname 8.90 2016
42 Argentina 8.70 2017
43 United States 8.50 2017
44 Bolivia 8.30 2016
45 Kenya 8.20 2017
46 Zimbabwe 8.00 1990
47 Cuba 7.90 2016
47 Kazakhstan 7.90 2017
49 Chile 7.50 2017
50 Turkey 7.10 2012
51 Thailand 6.70 2014
52 Lithuania 6.10 2017
53 Belarus 5.10 2014
54 Latvia 4.60 2017
55 Egypt 4.40 2012
56 Iran 4.30 2014
56 Armenia 4.30 2017
58 Moldova 4.20 2014
59 Sri Lanka 4.00 2017
60 Myanmar 3.80 2016
60 Albania 3.80 2017
62 Hungary 3.70 2017
62 Morocco 3.70 2017
64 India 3.60 2016
65 Montenegro 3.50 2017
66 Estonia 3.40 2017
67 Tajikistan 2.80 2011
68 Canada 2.70 2017
69 Kuwait 2.60 2012
69 North Macedonia 2.60 2017
71 Azerbaijan 2.50 2017
72 Israel 2.40 2014
73 Andorra 2.30 2011
73 Algeria 2.30 2015
73 Belgium 2.30 2014
76 Slovak Republic 2.20 2017
77 Mauritius 2.10 2016
77 Bhutan 2.10 2017
79 Saudi Arabia 2.00 2017
79 Romania 2.00 2015
79 Jordan 2.00 2017
79 Bulgaria 2.00 2017
83 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.90 2017
83 Ireland 1.90 2013
85 United Kingdom 1.80 2017
85 Fiji 1.80 2014
85 Denmark 1.80 2017
88 Sweden 1.70 2017
89 France 1.60 2017
90 Serbia 1.50 2017
91 Cameroon 1.40 2016
91 Finland 1.40 2017
91 Croatia 1.40 2017
94 Brunei 1.20 2000
94 Cyprus 1.20 2017
94 Australia 1.20 2017
97 Greece 1.10 2017
97 Germany 1.10 2017
97 Netherlands 1.10 2017
100 New Zealand 1.00 2017
100 Poland 1.00 2017
100 Slovenia 1.00 2017
103 Italy 0.90 2016
103 Spain 0.90 2017
103 Malta 0.90 2015
103 Portugal 0.90 2014
107 Oman 0.70 2017
107 United Arab Emirates 0.70 2015
107 Czech Republic 0.70 2017
107 Luxembourg 0.70 2014
111 Austria 0.60 2016
111 Switzerland 0.60 2017
111 Korea 0.60 2017
111 Norway 0.60 2017
111 Iceland 0.60 2017
116 Qatar 0.40 2014
117 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.30 2017
117 Georgia 0.30 2016
119 Japan 0.20 2017
119 Singapore 0.20 2017
121 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2017
121 Tonga 0.00 2012

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Development Relevance: In some regions, organized crime, drug trafficking and the violent cultures of youth gangs are predominantly responsible for the high levels of homicide. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in some countries, particularly in Central America, are making the activities of organized crime and drug trafficking more visible. Greater use of firearms is often associated with the illicit activities of organized criminal groups, which are often linked to drug trafficking. Knowledge of the patterns and causes of violent crime are crucial to forming preventive strategies. Young males are the group most affected by violent crime in all regions, particularly in the Americas. Yet women of all ages are the victims of intimate partner and family-related violence in all regions and countries. Indeed, in many of them, it is within the home where a woman is most likely to be killed. Data on intentional homicides are from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which uses a variety of national and international sources on homicides - primarily criminal justice sources as well as public health data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization - and the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems to present accurate and comparable statistics. The UNODC defines homicide as "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person." This definition excludes deaths arising from armed conflict.

Limitations and Exceptions: Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. That means that this data is subject to the problems of accuracy of all official crime data. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The degree to which different societies apportion the level of culpability to acts resulting in death is also subject to variation. Consequently, the comparison between countries and regions of "intentional homicide", or unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person, is also a comparison of the extent to which different countries deem that a killing be classified as such, as well as the capacity of their legal systems to record it. Caution should therefore be applied when evaluating and comparing homicide data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The definitions used to produce data are in line with the homicide definition used in the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset. On the basis of these selection criteria and subject to data availability, a long and continuous time series including recent data on homicide counts and rates has been identified or created at country level. Data are adjusted to conform to the total number of victims of intentional homicide. The adjustment is carried out by applying the sex ratio of reported victims to the total number of victims of intentional homicide. The intentional killing of a human being by another is the ultimate crime. Its indisputable physical consequences manifested in the form of a dead body also make it the most categorical and calculable. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event. In the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Criminal justice data were collected through UNODC regular collections of crime data from Member States, through publicly available data produced by national government sources and from data compiled by other international and regional agencies, including from Interpol, Eurostat, the Organization of American States and UNICEF. Public health data on homicides were mainly derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The inclusion of recent data was given a higher priority in the selection process than the length of the time series (number of years covered). An analysis of official reports and research literature is regularly carried out to verify homicide data used by government agencies and the scientific community. As a result of the data collection and validation process, in many countries several homicide datasets have become available from different or multiple sources. Therefore, data series have been selected to provide the most appropriate reference counts.

Periodicity: Annual