Intentional homicides, female (per 100,000 female) - Country Ranking

Definition: Intentional homicides, female are estimates of unlawful female homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.

Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 El Salvador 13.90 2017
2 Jamaica 11.00 2017
3 Central African Republic 10.40 2016
3 Antigua and Barbuda 10.40 2008
5 South Africa 9.10 2011
6 Honduras 8.40 2017
7 Guatemala 7.80 2014
8 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.40 2016
9 Venezuela 6.30 2012
10 Belize 5.90 2017
11 Suriname 5.80 2016
12 Guyana 5.50 2017
13 Seychelles 5.30 2014
13 Mexico 5.30 2017
15 Kyrgyz Republic 4.90 2009
16 Russia 4.50 2017
17 St. Lucia 4.40 2017
18 Bolivia 4.30 2016
18 Brazil 4.30 2017
18 Colombia 4.30 2017
21 Trinidad and Tobago 4.20 2015
22 Uganda 3.90 2017
23 Latvia 3.80 2017
24 Grenada 3.70 2017
25 Zimbabwe 3.60 1990
26 Dominican Republic 3.50 2017
27 Iraq 3.20 2013
28 Uruguay 3.10 2017
28 Lithuania 3.10 2017
30 The Bahamas 3.00 2017
31 Mongolia 2.90 2017
32 India 2.80 2016
32 Fiji 2.80 2014
34 Cabo Verde 2.60 2015
35 Tanzania 2.50 2015
36 Ecuador 2.40 2017
36 Kazakhstan 2.40 2017
36 Costa Rica 2.40 2017
39 Philippines 2.30 2012
39 Belarus 2.30 2014
39 Burundi 2.30 2016
39 Moldova 2.30 2014
39 United States 2.30 2017
44 Panama 2.20 2017
45 Cuba 2.10 2016
45 Nicaragua 2.10 2015
47 Ukraine 1.90 2017
47 Tonga 1.90 2012
49 Argentina 1.80 2017
49 Puerto Rico 1.80 2017
51 Georgia 1.70 2016
51 Paraguay 1.70 2015
51 Kenya 1.70 2017
54 Mauritius 1.60 2016
54 Azerbaijan 1.60 2017
54 Turkey 1.60 2012
54 Peru 1.60 2017
58 Hungary 1.40 2017
58 Belgium 1.40 2014
58 Haiti 1.40 2016
61 Barbados 1.30 2017
61 Montenegro 1.30 2017
63 Iceland 1.20 2017
63 Thailand 1.20 2014
63 Chile 1.20 2017
63 Brunei 1.20 2000
67 Estonia 1.10 2017
67 Finland 1.10 2017
67 Bhutan 1.10 2017
70 Romania 1.00 2015
70 Bulgaria 1.00 2017
72 Slovenia 0.90 2017
72 France 0.90 2017
72 Cameroon 0.90 2016
72 Malta 0.90 2015
72 Portugal 0.90 2014
72 Canada 0.90 2017
72 Germany 0.90 2017
79 Sri Lanka 0.80 2017
79 Slovak Republic 0.80 2017
79 Croatia 0.80 2017
79 Myanmar 0.80 2016
79 Albania 0.80 2017
84 Austria 0.70 2016
84 Luxembourg 0.70 2014
84 Jordan 0.70 2017
84 Denmark 0.70 2017
84 Armenia 0.70 2017
84 Kuwait 0.70 2012
84 United Kingdom 0.70 2017
91 Korea 0.60 2017
91 Macao SAR, China 0.60 2017
91 Egypt 0.60 2012
91 Serbia 0.60 2017
91 Israel 0.60 2014
91 Morocco 0.60 2017
91 Iran 0.60 2014
91 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.60 2017
91 Czech Republic 0.60 2017
100 Spain 0.50 2017
100 Australia 0.50 2017
100 Switzerland 0.50 2017
100 New Zealand 0.50 2017
100 Sweden 0.50 2017
100 Poland 0.50 2017
100 Italy 0.50 2016
100 Netherlands 0.50 2017
100 Norway 0.50 2017
109 Tajikistan 0.40 2011
109 Algeria 0.40 2015
109 United Arab Emirates 0.40 2015
109 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.40 2017
109 North Macedonia 0.40 2017
109 Greece 0.40 2017
115 Japan 0.30 2017
115 Ireland 0.30 2013
115 Saudi Arabia 0.30 2017
115 Qatar 0.30 2014
115 Oman 0.30 2017
120 Singapore 0.20 2017
121 Cyprus 0.00 2017
121 Andorra 0.00 2011

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Development Relevance: In some regions, organized crime, drug trafficking and the violent cultures of youth gangs are predominantly responsible for the high levels of homicide. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in some countries, particularly in Central America, are making the activities of organized crime and drug trafficking more visible. Greater use of firearms is often associated with the illicit activities of organized criminal groups, which are often linked to drug trafficking. Knowledge of the patterns and causes of violent crime are crucial to forming preventive strategies. Young males are the group most affected by violent crime in all regions, particularly in the Americas. Yet women of all ages are the victims of intimate partner and family-related violence in all regions and countries. Indeed, in many of them, it is within the home where a woman is most likely to be killed. Data on intentional homicides are from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which uses a variety of national and international sources on homicides - primarily criminal justice sources as well as public health data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization - and the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems to present accurate and comparable statistics. The UNODC defines homicide as "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person." This definition excludes deaths arising from armed conflict.

Limitations and Exceptions: Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. That means that this data is subject to the problems of accuracy of all official crime data. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The degree to which different societies apportion the level of culpability to acts resulting in death is also subject to variation. Consequently, the comparison between countries and regions of "intentional homicide", or unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person, is also a comparison of the extent to which different countries deem that a killing be classified as such, as well as the capacity of their legal systems to record it. Caution should therefore be applied when evaluating and comparing homicide data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The definitions used to produce data are in line with the homicide definition used in the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset. On the basis of these selection criteria and subject to data availability, a long and continuous time series including recent data on homicide counts and rates has been identified or created at country level. Data are adjusted to conform to the total number of victims of intentional homicide. The adjustment is carried out by applying the sex ratio of reported victims to the total number of victims of intentional homicide. The intentional killing of a human being by another is the ultimate crime. Its indisputable physical consequences manifested in the form of a dead body also make it the most categorical and calculable. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event. In the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Criminal justice data were collected through UNODC regular collections of crime data from Member States, through publicly available data produced by national government sources and from data compiled by other international and regional agencies, including from Interpol, Eurostat, the Organization of American States and UNICEF. Public health data on homicides were mainly derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The inclusion of recent data was given a higher priority in the selection process than the length of the time series (number of years covered). An analysis of official reports and research literature is regularly carried out to verify homicide data used by government agencies and the scientific community. As a result of the data collection and validation process, in many countries several homicide datasets have become available from different or multiple sources. Therefore, data series have been selected to provide the most appropriate reference counts.

Periodicity: Annual