Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) - Country Ranking

Definition: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Ireland 87.62 2016
2 Equatorial Guinea 74.24 1988
3 Barbados 73.06 2013
4 Trinidad and Tobago 72.01 2016
5 Sierra Leone 71.64 2015
6 Netherlands 71.45 2016
7 Mozambique 70.86 2016
8 Congo 68.38 2014
9 Switzerland 67.98 2016
10 Kazakhstan 67.37 2016
11 Grenada 64.38 2016
12 Angola 64.20 2016
13 Namibia 62.66 2016
14 Japan 62.57 2016
15 Suriname 62.33 2016
16 India 61.36 2016
17 Ghana 59.31 2016
18 Finland 58.51 2016
19 Brazil 58.49 2016
20 Algeria 58.43 2016
21 Hungary 57.96 2016
22 Malta 57.56 2016
23 Timor-Leste 57.20 2016
24 Mauritania 57.10 2016
25 Romania 56.97 2016
26 France 56.63 2016
27 Sweden 55.49 2016
28 Belgium 55.24 2016
29 Papua New Guinea 54.71 2016
30 Macedonia 53.93 2016
31 St. Lucia 53.16 2016
32 Antigua and Barbuda 52.89 2016
33 Brunei 52.39 2016
34 Azerbaijan 52.33 2016
35 Seychelles 51.58 2016
36 Slovenia 51.25 2016
37 New Caledonia 50.38 2014
38 Poland 49.31 2016
39 St. Kitts and Nevis 49.30 2016
40 Bhutan 49.08 2016
41 Kenya 48.94 2016
42 Korea 48.40 2016
43 Singapore 47.71 2016
44 Czech Republic 47.71 2016
45 Germany 47.25 2016
46 Croatia 47.21 2016
47 Russia 47.12 2016
48 Dominica 47.00 2016
49 Montenegro 46.98 2016
50 Venezuela 46.54 2016
51 Cabo Verde 46.14 2016
52 United Kingdom 46.08 2016
53 Belarus 45.99 2016
54 Mongolia 45.74 2016
55 Jamaica 45.15 2016
56 Israel 44.29 2016
57 Austria 44.00 2016
58 Spain 43.75 2016
59 Norway 43.51 2016
60 Zimbabwe 43.04 2016
61 Samoa 42.69 2015
62 Slovak Republic 42.44 2016
63 Uruguay 42.28 2016
64 The Bahamas 42.07 2016
65 Malaysia 42.03 2016
66 Italy 41.31 2016
67 Tonga 40.99 2013
68 Iceland 40.82 2016
69 Serbia 40.70 2016
70 Bolivia 40.61 2016
71 Portugal 40.56 2016
72 Chile 39.94 2016
73 Thailand 39.21 2016
74 United States 39.11 2016
75 Indonesia 39.09 2016
76 Mauritius 38.65 2016
77 Canada 38.13 2016
78 Estonia 37.78 2016
79 South Africa 37.41 2016
80 Macao SAR, China 37.38 2016
81 Latvia 37.04 2016
82 Denmark 36.97 2016
83 Myanmar 36.70 2016
84 Hong Kong SAR, China 36.31 2016
85 Costa Rica 36.29 2016
86 Luxembourg 35.63 2016
87 Tuvalu 35.06 2013
88 Gabon 34.74 2005
89 Malawi 34.59 2015
90 Swaziland 34.14 2016
91 Morocco 33.91 2016
92 Guyana 33.89 2015
93 Pakistan 33.88 2016
94 New Zealand 33.85 2016
95 Bulgaria 33.83 2016
96 Uganda 33.24 2016
97 Oman 33.12 2016
98 São Tomé and Principe 31.39 2016
99 Argentina 30.47 2016
100 Niger 30.16 2015
101 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.00 2016
102 Peru 29.92 2016
103 Solomon Islands 29.40 2016
104 Cyprus 29.38 2016
105 Nigeria 29.06 2016
106 Lebanon 29.02 2016
107 Australia 28.66 2016
108 Chad 28.56 1994
109 Moldova 28.45 2016
110 Saudi Arabia 28.34 2016
111 Rwanda 27.62 2016
112 Kuwait 27.14 2016
113 Philippines 26.93 2016
114 Botswana 26.04 2016
115 Colombia 25.54 2016
116 Burkina Faso 25.43 2014
117 Ethiopia 25.27 2016
118 Mali 24.64 2014
119 Lithuania 24.58 2016
120 Cameroon 23.70 2015
121 Ukraine 23.63 2016
122 Belize 23.21 2016
123 Haiti 23.06 2016
124 Senegal 23.04 2014
125 Turkey 22.53 2016
126 Qatar 22.28 2016
127 Panama 22.04 2016
128 Greece 21.53 2016
129 Guinea-Bissau 21.49 2015
130 Eritrea 21.32 2000
131 Benin 21.24 2015
132 Egypt 21.23 2016
133 El Salvador 21.07 2016
134 Yemen 20.67 2015
135 China 20.63 2016
136 Sudan 20.50 2016
137 Côte d'Ivoire 20.47 2015
138 Palau 20.37 2015
139 Madagascar 20.03 2016
140 Tajikistan 19.66 2016
141 Vanuatu 19.41 2015
142 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.18 2016
143 Dominican Republic 19.09 2016
144 Fiji 18.80 2015
145 Nicaragua 18.63 2016
146 Lesotho 17.36 2016
147 Ecuador 15.61 2016
148 Nepal 15.59 2016
149 Honduras 15.32 2016
150 Dem. Rep. Congo 14.97 2016
151 Tunisia 14.95 2016
152 Guinea 14.28 2016
153 Cambodia 14.28 2016
154 Guatemala 14.03 2016
155 Kyrgyz Republic 13.61 2016
156 Zambia 13.27 2016
157 Burundi 13.13 2016
158 Tanzania 13.03 2016
159 Sri Lanka 12.86 2016
160 Kiribati 11.30 2016
161 Mexico 11.13 2016
162 Bangladesh 10.66 2016
163 Georgia 10.65 2016
164 Central African Republic 10.44 1994
165 Albania 10.32 2016
166 Liberia 10.11 2015
167 Djibouti 9.91 2016
168 Armenia 9.28 2016
169 Togo 7.75 2015
170 Iraq 7.37 2016
171 Bahrain 6.98 2014
172 Syrian Arab Republic 5.73 2010
173 Afghanistan 5.73 2016
174 Jordan 4.87 2016
175 Lao PDR 4.87 2016
176 Comoros 4.11 2012
177 Paraguay 2.70 2016
178 The Gambia 1.44 2016
179 Iran 1.08 2000
180 Libya 0.69 2013

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Development Relevance: Trade in services differs from trade in goods because services are produced and consumed at the same time. Thus services to a traveler may be consumed in the producing country (for example, use of a hotel room) but are classified as imports of the traveler's country. In other cases services may be supplied from a remote location; for example, insurance services may be supplied from one location and consumed in another.

Limitations and Exceptions: Balance of payments statistics, the main source of information on international trade in services, have many weaknesses. Disaggregation of important components may be limited and varies considerably across countries. There are inconsistencies in the methods used to report items. And the recording of major flows as net items is common (for example, insurance transactions are often recorded as premiums less claims). These factors contribute to a downward bias in the value of the service trade reported in the balance of payments. Efforts are being made to improve the coverage, quality, and consistency of these data. Eurostat and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, for example, are working together to improve the collection of statistics on trade in services in member countries. Still, difficulties in capturing all the dimensions of international trade in services mean that the record is likely to remain incomplete. Cross-border intrafirm service transactions, which are usually not captured in the balance of payments, have increased in recent years. An example is transnational corporations' use of mainframe computers around the clock for data processing, exploiting time zone differences between their home country and the host countries of their affiliates. Another important dimension of service trade not captured by conventional balance of payments statistics is establishment trade - sales in the host country by foreign affiliates. By contrast, cross-border intrafirm transactions in merchandise may be reported as exports or imports in the balance of payments.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The balance of payments (BoP) is a double-entry accounting system that shows all flows of goods and services into and out of an economy; all transfers that are the counterpart of real resources or financial claims provided to or by the rest of the world without a quid pro quo, such as donations and grants; and all changes in residents' claims on and liabilities to nonresidents that arise from economic transactions. All transactions are recorded twice - once as a credit and once as a debit. In principle the net balance should be zero, but in practice the accounts often do not balance, requiring inclusion of a balancing item, net errors and omissions. The concepts and definitions underlying the data are based on the sixth edition of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Balance of Payments Manual (BPM6). Balance of payments data for 2005 onward will be presented in accord with the BPM6. The historical BPM5 data series will end with data for 2008, which can be accessed through the World Development Indicators archives. The complete balance of payments methodology can be accessed through the International Monetary Fund website (www.imf.org/external/np/sta/bop/bop.htm).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual