International tourism, expenditures (% of total imports) - Country Ranking

Definition: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.

Source: World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank imports estimates.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Albania 25.86 2015
2 Kuwait 25.71 2015
3 Armenia 23.92 2015
4 Qatar 19.64 2015
5 Tuvalu 19.12 2013
6 Lebanon 17.08 2015
7 Azerbaijan 14.87 2015
8 China 14.59 2015
9 Gabon 14.46 2005
10 Norway 13.83 2015
11 Russia 13.65 2015
12 Philippines 13.53 2015
13 The Gambia 13.26 2015
14 Iceland 12.84 2015
15 Nigeria 12.52 2015
16 Cabo Verde 12.04 2015
17 São Tomé and Principe 11.88 2015
18 Cyprus 11.48 2015
19 Comoros 11.29 2012
20 Tonga 11.17 2013
21 Argentina 10.88 2015
22 Iraq 10.84 2015
23 Tanzania 10.75 2015
24 Australia 10.68 2015
25 Palau 10.45 2015
26 Guinea-Bissau 10.07 2013
27 Uruguay 10.02 2015
28 Haiti 9.95 2015
29 Solomon Islands 9.79 2015
30 Ukraine 9.58 2015
31 Cameroon 9.53 2015
32 United Kingdom 9.48 2015
33 Brunei 9.43 2015
34 Sri Lanka 9.35 2015
35 Mauritius 9.19 2015
36 Kyrgyz Republic 9.18 2015
37 Kiribati 8.99 2014
38 Lao PDR 8.99 2015
39 Mongolia 8.94 2015
40 Saudi Arabia 8.79 2015
41 Lesotho 8.79 2015
42 Nepal 8.68 2015
43 Brazil 8.37 2015
44 Syrian Arab Republic 8.23 2010
45 The Bahamas 8.22 2015
46 Moldova 8.17 2015
47 New Zealand 7.83 2015
48 Macao SAR, China 7.81 2015
49 Timor-Leste 7.58 2015
50 Uganda 7.56 2015
51 Zimbabwe 7.42 2015
52 Israel 7.39 2015
53 Colombia 7.27 2015
54 Sweden 7.20 2015
55 Bolivia 7.15 2015
56 Rwanda 7.12 2015
57 Georgia 7.04 2015
58 Antigua and Barbuda 7.00 2013
59 Vanuatu 6.98 2015
60 Venezuela 6.95 2015
61 Germany 6.77 2015
62 Swaziland 6.77 2015
63 Ghana 6.76 2015
64 St. Lucia 6.72 2013
65 Estonia 6.68 2015
66 Jamaica 6.22 2015
67 Denmark 6.12 2015
68 Libya 6.11 2013
69 France 6.09 2015
70 Portugal 6.05 2015
71 Liberia 6.03 2015
72 Greece 6.01 2015
73 Serbia 5.98 2015
74 Oman 5.92 2015
75 Indonesia 5.90 2015
76 Belgium 5.89 2015
77 Bahrain 5.78 2014
78 South Africa 5.73 2015
79 Malaysia 5.67 2015
80 Canada 5.59 2015
81 Jordan 5.58 2015
82 Finland 5.57 2015
83 Burundi 5.52 2015
84 Egypt 5.38 2015
85 Switzerland 5.37 2015
86 United States 5.37 2015
87 Morocco 5.23 2015
88 Peru 5.20 2015
89 Korea 5.17 2015
90 Guatemala 5.14 2015
91 Fiji 5.07 2015
92 Malawi 4.95 2015
93 Italy 4.93 2015
94 Guyana 4.90 2015
95 Singapore 4.89 2015
96 Honduras 4.89 2015
97 Latvia 4.88 2015
98 Austria 4.84 2015
99 Pakistan 4.80 2015
100 Suriname 4.77 2015
101 Kazakhstan 4.74 2015
102 Spain 4.72 2015
103 Costa Rica 4.54 2015
104 Zambia 4.51 2015
105 Cambodia 4.49 2015
106 Paraguay 4.39 2015
107 Bulgaria 4.26 2015
108 Mali 4.23 2014
109 Belize 4.23 2015
110 Ecuador 4.16 2015
111 Thailand 4.15 2015
112 Dominica 4.13 2015
113 Burkina Faso 4.07 2014
114 Madagascar 4.03 2013
115 Dominican Republic 4.00 2015
116 Senegal 3.86 2014
117 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.85 2015
118 Poland 3.85 2015
119 New Caledonia 3.84 2014
120 Iran 3.83 2000
121 Netherlands 3.82 2015
122 Seychelles 3.80 2015
123 Panama 3.75 2015
124 Nicaragua 3.68 2015
125 Bhutan 3.66 2015
126 Papua New Guinea 3.60 2015
127 India 3.60 2015
128 Luxembourg 3.58 2015
129 Lithuania 3.57 2015
130 Chile 3.57 2015
131 Slovenia 3.57 2015
132 Czech Republic 3.50 2015
133 Tunisia 3.46 2015
134 Croatia 3.35 2015
135 Côte d'Ivoire 3.31 2014
136 Congo 3.28 2013
137 Barbados 3.27 2013
138 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.26 2015
139 St. Kitts and Nevis 3.21 2014
140 Romania 3.15 2015
141 Botswana 3.08 2015
142 Belarus 3.07 2015
143 El Salvador 3.04 2015
144 Mozambique 3.04 2015
145 Mexico 2.96 2015
146 Macedonia 2.89 2015
147 Slovak Republic 2.88 2015
148 Japan 2.87 2015
149 Mauritania 2.82 2015
150 Montenegro 2.77 2015
151 Equatorial Guinea 2.73 1996
152 Niger 2.70 2013
153 Grenada 2.60 2013
154 Malta 2.57 2015
155 Turkey 2.55 2015
156 Hungary 2.47 2015
157 Benin 2.38 2015
158 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.32 2015
159 Ireland 2.21 2015
160 Togo 2.19 2015
161 Guinea 2.13 2013
162 Djibouti 2.13 2015
163 Vietnam 2.06 2015
164 Sudan 1.92 2015
165 Namibia 1.90 2015
166 Bangladesh 1.81 2015
167 Trinidad and Tobago 1.74 2011
168 Afghanistan 1.58 2015
169 Ethiopia 1.28 2012
170 Algeria 1.21 2015
171 Yemen 1.03 2015
172 Angola 1.02 2015
173 Kenya 1.02 2014
174 Myanmar 0.89 2015
175 Sierra Leone 0.84 2014
176 Samoa 0.75 2015
177 Tajikistan 0.75 2015
178 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.51 2015

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Development Relevance: Tourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of imports. Such a measure reveals the predilection for tourism in a country's import structure and the relative degree of an economy's domestic revenue outflows due to international tourism.

Limitations and Exceptions: Tourism can be either domestic or international. The data refers to international tourism, where the traveler's country of residence differs from the visiting country. International tourism consists of inbound (arrival) and outbound (departures) tourism. The data are from the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a United Nations agency. The data on inbound and outbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals and departures, not to the number of people traveling. Expenditure associated with the activity of international visitors has been traditionally identified with the travel item of the Balance of Payments (BOP). The 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics consider that "tourism industries and products" includes transport of passengers. Consequently, a better estimate of tourism-related expenditure by inbound and outbound visitors in an international scenario would be, in terms of the BOP, the value of the travel item plus that of the passenger transport item. Nevertheless, users should be aware that BOP estimates include, in addition to expenditures associated to visitors, those related to other types of travelers (these might be substantial in some countries; for instance, long-term students or patients, border and seasonal workers, etc.). Also data on expenditure by main purpose of the trip are BOP data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Outbound tourism expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services (all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services). International tourism expenditures' share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Statistical information on tourism is based mainly on data on arrivals and overnight stays along with balance of payments information. These data do not completely capture the economic phenomenon of tourism or provide the information needed for effective public policies and efficient business operations. Data are needed on the scale and significance of tourism. Information on the role of tourism in national economies is particularly deficient. Although the World Tourism Organization reports progress in harmonizing definitions and measurement, differences in national practices still prevent full comparability. The World Tourism Organization is improving its coverage of tourism expenditure data, using balance of payments data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) supplemented by data from individual countries. These data include travel and passenger transport items as defined in the IMF's Balance of Payments. When the IMF does not report data on passenger transport items, expenditure data for travel items are shown. The aggregates are calculated using the World Bank's weighted aggregation methodology and differ from the World Tourism Organization's aggregates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual