International tourism, expenditures (% of total imports) - Country Ranking

Definition: International tourism expenditures are expenditures of international outbound visitors in other countries, including payments to foreign carriers for international transport. These expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except in cases where these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.

Source: World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank imports estimates.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Albania 24.04 2017
2 Kuwait 23.77 2017
3 Armenia 23.15 2017
4 Qatar 19.75 2017
5 Tuvalu 19.12 2013
6 Lebanon 17.79 2017
7 Azerbaijan 16.39 2017
8 Iceland 16.14 2017
9 Nigeria 16.06 2017
10 Argentina 15.19 2017
11 Guinea-Bissau 15.09 2016
12 Lao PDR 14.58 2017
13 Norway 13.65 2017
14 Australia 13.64 2017
15 Tonga 12.45 2017
16 Timor-Leste 12.20 2017
17 Ukraine 12.07 2017
18 Rwanda 11.70 2017
19 Brunei 11.67 2017
20 China 11.65 2017
21 Cameroon 11.63 2017
22 Iraq 11.39 2016
23 Venezuela 11.31 2016
24 Comoros 11.29 2012
25 The Bahamas 11.26 2017
26 Palau 11.20 2016
27 Antigua and Barbuda 10.92 2017
28 Uruguay 10.91 2017
29 Russia 10.87 2017
30 Philippines 10.82 2017
31 Solomon Islands 10.71 2017
32 Cyprus 10.68 2017
33 Haiti 10.37 2017
34 Mauritius 10.29 2017
35 Brazil 10.15 2017
36 St. Kitts and Nevis 9.78 2017
37 Sri Lanka 9.48 2017
38 Mongolia 9.47 2017
39 Tanzania 9.37 2017
40 Saudi Arabia 9.28 2017
41 Israel 9.24 2017
42 Georgia 9.13 2017
43 Colombia 9.06 2017
44 São Tomé and Principe 8.90 2017
45 Bolivia 8.66 2017
46 United Kingdom 8.50 2017
47 Lesotho 8.41 2017
48 St. Lucia 8.41 2017
49 New Zealand 8.41 2017
50 Oman 8.34 2017
51 Kyrgyz Republic 8.31 2017
52 The Gambia 8.30 2017
53 Syrian Arab Republic 8.23 2010
54 Cayman Islands 8.23 2016
55 Dominica 8.07 2017
56 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.95 2017
57 Bahrain 7.64 2017
58 Sweden 7.62 2017
59 Cabo Verde 7.56 2017
60 Nepal 7.52 2017
61 New Caledonia 7.46 2016
62 Macao SAR, China 7.39 2017
63 Gabon 7.29 2012
64 Estonia 7.23 2017
65 Ghana 7.15 2017
66 Moldova 7.10 2017
67 Vanuatu 7.08 2015
68 Madagascar 7.08 2017
69 Libya 7.04 2016
70 Finland 6.88 2017
71 Germany 6.61 2017
72 Jordan 6.52 2017
73 Jamaica 6.52 2017
74 Congo 6.27 2016
75 Peru 6.18 2017
76 Portugal 6.14 2017
77 South Africa 6.13 2017
78 Serbia 6.12 2017
79 Seychelles 6.09 2017
80 Denmark 6.06 2017
81 Austria 6.05 2017
82 United States 5.99 2017
83 Indonesia 5.99 2017
84 Costa Rica 5.99 2017
85 France 5.86 2017
86 Grenada 5.85 2017
87 Canada 5.78 2017
88 Morocco 5.73 2017
89 Belgium 5.64 2017
90 Korea 5.62 2017
91 Bulgaria 5.50 2017
92 Suriname 5.46 2017
93 Spain 5.38 2017
94 Guyana 5.33 2016
95 Malaysia 5.30 2017
96 Switzerland 5.24 2017
97 Zimbabwe 5.15 2017
98 Italy 5.10 2017
99 Fiji 5.06 2017
100 Cambodia 5.04 2017
101 Pakistan 5.00 2017
102 Croatia 4.96 2017
103 Guatemala 4.96 2017
104 Singapore 4.95 2017
105 Bhutan 4.94 2017
106 Belize 4.88 2017
107 Honduras 4.83 2017
108 Ecuador 4.81 2017
109 Nicaragua 4.80 2017
110 Thailand 4.67 2017
111 Kazakhstan 4.64 2017
112 Greece 4.61 2017
113 Côte d'Ivoire 4.58 2016
114 Romania 4.57 2017
115 Kiribati 4.49 2016
116 Dominican Republic 4.47 2017
117 Niger 4.39 2016
118 Zambia 4.37 2017
119 Paraguay 4.36 2017
120 Botswana 4.36 2017
121 Burkina Faso 4.33 2016
122 Latvia 4.33 2017
123 Malawi 4.32 2017
124 Uganda 4.31 2017
125 Angola 4.30 2017
126 Panama 4.18 2017
127 El Salvador 4.11 2017
128 Djibouti 4.04 2017
129 Chile 3.97 2017
130 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.96 2017
131 India 3.89 2017
132 Senegal 3.86 2014
133 Tunisia 3.86 2017
134 Iran 3.83 2000
135 Eswatini 3.80 2017
136 Papua New Guinea 3.66 2017
137 Netherlands 3.64 2017
138 Poland 3.61 2017
139 Czech Republic 3.52 2017
140 Lithuania 3.52 2017
141 Egypt 3.44 2017
142 Barbados 3.27 2013
143 Slovenia 3.16 2017
144 Liberia 2.99 2009
145 Mexico 2.98 2017
146 North Macedonia 2.98 2017
147 Belarus 2.96 2017
148 Luxembourg 2.94 2017
149 Slovak Republic 2.93 2017
150 Montenegro 2.89 2017
151 Mali 2.89 2015
152 Mozambique 2.89 2017
153 Malta 2.85 2017
154 Benin 2.80 2016
155 Equatorial Guinea 2.73 1996
156 Burundi 2.71 2017
157 Hungary 2.63 2017
158 Sierra Leone 2.60 2016
159 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.48 2017
160 Togo 2.29 2016
161 Vietnam 2.28 2017
162 Japan 2.17 2017
163 Mauritania 2.15 2017
164 Turkey 2.08 2017
165 Ireland 2.00 2017
166 Bangladesh 1.97 2017
167 Ethiopia 1.88 2017
168 Afghanistan 1.66 2017
169 Trinidad and Tobago 1.54 2017
170 Kenya 1.37 2017
171 Namibia 1.27 2017
172 Algeria 1.05 2017
173 Samoa 0.85 2017
174 Myanmar 0.74 2017
175 Yemen 0.68 2016
176 Tajikistan 0.58 2017
177 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.52 2017
178 Guinea 0.37 2017
179 Sudan 0.30 2017

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Development Relevance: Tourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of imports. Such a measure reveals the predilection for tourism in a country's import structure and the relative degree of an economy's domestic revenue outflows due to international tourism.

Limitations and Exceptions: Tourism can be either domestic or international. The data refers to international tourism, where the traveler's country of residence differs from the visiting country. International tourism consists of inbound (arrival) and outbound (departures) tourism. The data are from the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a United Nations agency. The data on inbound and outbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals and departures, not to the number of people traveling. Expenditure associated with the activity of international visitors has been traditionally identified with the travel item of the Balance of Payments (BOP). The 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics consider that "tourism industries and products" includes transport of passengers. Consequently, a better estimate of tourism-related expenditure by inbound and outbound visitors in an international scenario would be, in terms of the BOP, the value of the travel item plus that of the passenger transport item. Nevertheless, users should be aware that BOP estimates include, in addition to expenditures associated to visitors, those related to other types of travelers (these might be substantial in some countries; for instance, long-term students or patients, border and seasonal workers, etc.). Also data on expenditure by main purpose of the trip are BOP data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Outbound tourism expenditures may include those by residents traveling abroad as same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include expenditures for passenger transport items. Their share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services (all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services). International tourism expenditures' share in imports is calculated as a ratio to imports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Statistical information on tourism is based mainly on data on arrivals and overnight stays along with balance of payments information. These data do not completely capture the economic phenomenon of tourism or provide the information needed for effective public policies and efficient business operations. Data are needed on the scale and significance of tourism. Information on the role of tourism in national economies is particularly deficient. Although the World Tourism Organization reports progress in harmonizing definitions and measurement, differences in national practices still prevent full comparability. The World Tourism Organization is improving its coverage of tourism expenditure data, using balance of payments data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) supplemented by data from individual countries. These data include travel and passenger transport items as defined in the IMF's Balance of Payments. When the IMF does not report data on passenger transport items, expenditure data for travel items are shown. The aggregates are calculated using the World Bank's weighted aggregation methodology and differ from the World Tourism Organization's aggregates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual