International tourism, receipts (% of total exports) - Country Ranking

Definition: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Their share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.

Source: World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank exports estimates.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Macao SAR, China 88.03 2017
2 Grenada 86.30 2017
3 Dominica 85.37 2017
4 Palau 84.30 2016
5 Vanuatu 78.93 2015
6 Antigua and Barbuda 78.16 2017
7 St. Lucia 74.42 2017
8 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.84 2017
9 São Tomé and Principe 71.51 2017
10 St. Kitts and Nevis 69.69 2017
11 The Bahamas 67.86 2017
12 Timor-Leste 66.43 2017
13 Samoa 60.71 2017
14 Jamaica 57.68 2017
15 Cabo Verde 57.32 2017
16 Montenegro 54.76 2017
17 Albania 49.45 2017
18 Fiji 48.19 2017
19 Tonga 47.57 2017
20 Comoros 43.89 2012
21 The Gambia 43.84 2017
22 Barbados 42.76 2013
23 Lebanon 42.70 2017
24 Belize 41.10 2017
25 Georgia 39.30 2017
26 Jordan 38.81 2017
27 Dominican Republic 37.80 2017
28 Ethiopia 37.71 2017
29 Seychelles 37.43 2017
30 Mauritius 37.19 2017
31 Eritrea 36.84 2000
32 Croatia 36.79 2017
33 Syrian Arab Republic 32.17 2010
34 Rwanda 31.11 2017
35 Haiti 30.13 2017
36 Nepal 29.29 2017
37 Tanzania 27.33 2017
38 Liberia 27.09 2009
39 Greece 26.85 2017
40 Iceland 26.69 2017
41 Sri Lanka 26.63 2017
42 Armenia 26.44 2017
43 Cambodia 25.41 2017
44 Panama 25.29 2017
45 Morocco 23.40 2017
46 Portugal 22.13 2017
47 Madagascar 20.85 2017
48 Thailand 20.40 2017
49 Egypt 20.14 2017
50 Costa Rica 19.60 2017
51 New Zealand 19.14 2017
52 Cyprus 18.83 2017
53 Kyrgyz Republic 18.65 2017
54 Qatar 18.49 2017
55 Uganda 18.47 2017
56 Cayman Islands 17.70 2016
57 Sudan 17.50 2017
58 El Salvador 16.98 2017
59 Myanmar 16.69 2017
60 Uruguay 16.58 2017
61 Azerbaijan 16.20 2017
62 Tajikistan 15.25 2017
63 Turkey 15.17 2017
64 Kenya 14.98 2017
65 Australia 14.82 2017
66 Spain 14.80 2017
67 Nicaragua 14.75 2017
68 Bhutan 14.66 2017
69 Bahrain 14.35 2017
70 Togo 14.14 2016
71 Moldova 14.07 2017
72 Lao PDR 13.58 2017
73 New Caledonia 13.23 2016
74 Solomon Islands 13.00 2017
75 Yemen 12.36 2016
76 Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.04 2017
77 Colombia 12.03 2017
78 Bulgaria 11.73 2017
79 Tuvalu 11.67 2013
80 Guatemala 11.22 2017
81 Senegal 11.19 2014
82 United States 10.68 2017
83 Estonia 10.47 2017
84 Botswana 10.23 2017
85 Tunisia 10.13 2017
86 Austria 9.92 2017
87 Kiribati 9.90 2016
88 Honduras 9.71 2017
89 Philippines 9.64 2017
90 Bolivia 9.63 2017
91 South Africa 9.38 2017
92 Malta 9.06 2017
93 Namibia 8.79 2017
94 Peru 8.72 2017
95 France 8.40 2017
96 Cameroon 8.30 2017
97 Malaysia 8.20 2017
98 Serbia 7.80 2017
99 Ecuador 7.63 2017
100 Oman 7.55 2017
101 Argentina 7.51 2017
102 Israel 7.48 2017
103 Italy 7.35 2017
104 Slovenia 7.29 2017
105 Indonesia 7.27 2017
106 Zambia 7.19 2017
107 Trinidad and Tobago 7.09 2017
108 Hungary 6.84 2017
109 Niger 6.83 2016
110 Mongolia 6.79 2017
111 United Kingdom 6.35 2017
112 Djibouti 6.26 2017
113 Guyana 6.21 2016
114 Guinea-Bissau 6.21 2016
115 Saudi Arabia 6.19 2017
116 Benin 6.06 2016
117 Sweden 5.93 2017
118 Mali 5.91 2015
119 Hong Kong SAR, China 5.90 2017
120 Chile 5.82 2017
121 Latvia 5.74 2017
122 India 5.70 2017
123 Finland 5.34 2017
124 North Macedonia 5.30 2017
125 Iraq 5.29 2016
126 Burkina Faso 5.26 2016
127 Mexico 5.14 2017
128 Nigeria 5.13 2017
129 Poland 4.91 2017
130 Switzerland 4.59 2017
131 Norway 4.51 2017
132 Ghana 4.50 2017
133 Czech Republic 4.44 2017
134 Sierra Leone 4.39 2016
135 Denmark 4.38 2017
136 Japan 4.22 2017
137 Lithuania 4.11 2017
138 Côte d'Ivoire 4.05 2016
139 Canada 3.99 2017
140 Luxembourg 3.94 2017
141 Vietnam 3.90 2017
142 Ukraine 3.71 2017
143 Kazakhstan 3.70 2017
144 Russia 3.65 2017
145 Ireland 3.51 2017
146 Romania 3.41 2017
147 Singapore 3.40 2017
148 Zimbabwe 3.35 2017
149 Malawi 3.32 2017
150 Slovak Republic 3.32 2017
151 Belgium 3.31 2017
152 Germany 3.23 2017
153 Belarus 3.10 2017
154 Mozambique 3.05 2017
155 Pakistan 3.03 2017
156 Brunei 2.94 2017
157 Netherlands 2.92 2017
158 Paraguay 2.83 2017
159 Suriname 2.81 2017
160 Korea 2.54 2017
161 Angola 2.48 2017
162 Brazil 2.45 2017
163 Iran 2.28 2000
164 Equatorial Guinea 2.22 1996
165 Lesotho 2.17 2017
166 Venezuela 1.90 2016
167 Afghanistan 1.64 2017
168 China 1.34 2017
169 Mauritania 1.27 2017
170 Burundi 1.11 2017
171 Kuwait 1.06 2017
172 Congo 0.93 2016
173 Bangladesh 0.88 2017
174 Eswatini 0.69 2017
175 Algeria 0.46 2017
176 Gabon 0.39 2012
177 Guinea 0.36 2017
178 Libya 0.34 2010
179 Papua New Guinea 0.15 2017
180 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.05 2017

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Development Relevance: Tourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of exports. Such a measure reveals the degree of tourism specialization in a country's export structure and the relative capability of tourism in generating foreign revenues.

Limitations and Exceptions: Tourism can be either domestic or international. The data refers to international tourism, where the traveler's country of residence differs from the visiting country. International tourism consists of inbound (arrival) and outbound (departures) tourism. The data are from the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a United Nations agency. The data on inbound and outbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals and departures, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival. The data on inbound tourism show the arrivals of nonresident tourists (overnight visitors) at national borders. When data on international tourists are unavailable or incomplete, the data show the arrivals of international visitors, which include tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. Expenditure associated with the activity of international visitors has been traditionally identified with the travel item of the Balance of Payments (BOP): in the case of inbound tourism, those expenditures associated with inbound visitors are registered as "credits" in the BOP and refers to "travel receipts". The 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics consider that "tourism industries and products" includes transport of passengers. Consequently, a better estimate of tourism-related expenditure by inbound and outbound visitors in an international scenario would be, in terms of the BOP, the value of the travel item plus that of the passenger transport item. Nevertheless, users should be aware that BOP estimates include, in addition to expenditures associated to visitors, those related to other types of travelers (these might be substantial in some countries; for instance, long-term students or patients, border and seasonal workers, etc.). Also data on expenditure by main purpose of the trip are BOP data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inbound tourism expenditures may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Their share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services (all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services). International tourism expenditures' share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Statistical information on tourism is based mainly on data on arrivals and overnight stays along with balance of payments information. These data do not completely capture the economic phenomenon of tourism or provide the information needed for effective public policies and efficient business operations. Data are needed on the scale and significance of tourism. Information on the role of tourism in national economies is particularly deficient. Although the World Tourism Organization (WTO) reports progress in harmonizing definitions and measurement, differences in national practices still prevent full comparability. The World Tourism Organization is improving its coverage of tourism expenditure data, using balance of payments data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) supplemented by data from individual countries. These data include travel and passenger transport items as defined in the IMF's Balance of Payments. When the IMF does not report data on passenger transport items, expenditure data for travel items are shown. The aggregates are calculated using the World Bank's weighted aggregation methodology and differ from the World Tourism Organization's aggregates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual