International tourism, receipts (% of total exports) - Country Ranking

Definition: International tourism receipts are expenditures by international inbound visitors, including payments to national carriers for international transport. These receipts include any other prepayment made for goods or services received in the destination country. They also may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Their share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services.

Source: World Tourism Organization, Yearbook of Tourism Statistics, Compendium of Tourism Statistics and data files, and IMF and World Bank exports estimates.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Macao SAR, China 90.64 2015
2 Palau 87.13 2015
3 Vanuatu 78.93 2015
4 Samoa 76.69 2015
5 The Bahamas 70.14 2015
6 São Tomé and Principe 69.50 2015
7 Cabo Verde 60.00 2015
8 Timor-Leste 56.04 2015
9 Jamaica 55.66 2015
10 Montenegro 55.47 2015
11 Tonga 54.21 2013
12 The Gambia 52.57 2015
13 Albania 51.98 2015
14 Fiji 48.43 2015
15 Dominica 47.78 2015
16 Comoros 43.89 2012
17 Barbados 42.76 2013
18 St. Lucia 38.16 2015
19 Seychelles 37.25 2015
20 Croatia 36.98 2015
21 Eritrea 36.84 2000
22 Lebanon 36.42 2015
23 Dominican Republic 36.02 2015
24 Belize 35.99 2015
25 Jordan 35.43 2015
26 Haiti 34.84 2015
27 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34.38 2015
28 Georgia 34.28 2015
29 Ethiopia 33.03 2012
30 Syrian Arab Republic 32.17 2010
31 Antigua and Barbuda 31.04 2015
32 Mauritius 30.50 2015
33 Armenia 30.48 2015
34 Greece 29.52 2015
35 Cambodia 27.49 2015
36 Rwanda 26.75 2015
37 Tanzania 25.56 2015
38 Grenada 25.42 2015
39 St. Kitts and Nevis 25.23 2015
40 Uganda 24.10 2015
41 Sri Lanka 23.48 2015
42 Morocco 23.32 2015
43 Nepal 22.69 2015
44 Panama 21.39 2015
45 Kyrgyz Republic 19.83 2015
46 Costa Rica 19.83 2015
47 Cyprus 19.61 2015
48 Sudan 19.38 2015
49 Portugal 19.17 2015
50 Lao PDR 18.82 2015
51 New Zealand 18.67 2015
52 Egypt 18.36 2015
53 Madagascar 18.15 2013
54 Iceland 17.96 2015
55 El Salvador 17.91 2015
56 Turkey 17.81 2015
57 Tajikistan 17.71 2015
58 Thailand 17.59 2015
59 Bhutan 16.83 2015
60 Myanmar 16.40 2015
61 Kenya 16.30 2014
62 Kiribati 15.71 2014
63 Spain 14.27 2015
64 Togo 14.15 2015
65 Australia 13.18 2015
66 Qatar 13.14 2015
67 Azerbaijan 12.66 2015
68 Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.52 2015
69 Botswana 12.42 2015
70 Uruguay 12.03 2015
71 Tuvalu 11.67 2013
72 Guatemala 11.58 2015
73 Moldova 11.50 2015
74 Colombia 11.49 2015
75 Solomon Islands 11.41 2015
76 Namibia 11.21 2015
77 Senegal 11.19 2014
78 Bulgaria 11.18 2015
79 United States 10.88 2015
80 Tunisia 10.71 2015
81 Nicaragua 10.35 2015
82 Peru 10.30 2015
83 Estonia 10.25 2015
84 Honduras 9.85 2015
85 South Africa 9.45 2015
86 Malta 9.27 2015
87 Guinea-Bissau 9.11 2013
88 Austria 9.05 2015
89 Liberia 8.93 2015
90 Philippines 8.88 2015
91 Malaysia 8.40 2015
92 New Caledonia 8.34 2014
93 Iraq 8.20 2015
94 Slovenia 8.13 2015
95 Bolivia 8.11 2015
96 Zambia 8.03 2015
97 Bahrain 7.95 2014
98 Benin 7.87 2015
99 United Kingdom 7.69 2015
100 Serbia 7.63 2015
101 Ecuador 7.26 2015
102 France 7.20 2015
103 Italy 7.19 2015
104 Argentina 7.16 2015
105 Cameroon 7.07 2015
106 Indonesia 7.03 2015
107 Hong Kong SAR, China 7.03 2015
108 Afghanistan 6.99 2015
109 Latvia 6.96 2015
110 Mali 6.61 2014
111 Israel 6.49 2015
112 Hungary 6.27 2015
113 Yemen 6.21 2015
114 Oman 5.75 2015
115 Burkina Faso 5.70 2014
116 Ghana 5.53 2015
117 Macedonia 5.50 2015
118 Mongolia 5.43 2015
119 Suriname 5.37 2015
120 Djibouti 5.25 2015
121 Saudi Arabia 5.13 2015
122 Sweden 5.03 2015
123 India 5.01 2015
124 Guyana 4.95 2015
125 Mozambique 4.88 2015
126 China 4.83 2015
127 Poland 4.81 2015
128 Zimbabwe 4.77 2015
129 Switzerland 4.71 2015
130 Mexico 4.64 2015
131 Chile 4.50 2015
132 Czech Republic 4.48 2015
133 Norway 4.39 2015
134 Luxembourg 4.25 2015
135 Vietnam 4.24 2015
136 Lithuania 4.17 2015
137 Denmark 3.98 2015
138 Belgium 3.57 2015
139 Trinidad and Tobago 3.57 2011
140 Lesotho 3.49 2015
141 Japan 3.48 2015
142 Ukraine 3.46 2015
143 Angola 3.40 2015
144 Niger 3.40 2013
145 Russia 3.37 2015
146 Canada 3.30 2015
147 Kazakhstan 3.27 2015
148 Singapore 3.17 2015
149 Pakistan 3.17 2015
150 Belarus 3.10 2015
151 Ireland 3.07 2015
152 Netherlands 3.06 2015
153 Slovak Republic 3.02 2015
154 Germany 3.00 2015
155 Paraguay 2.99 2015
156 Finland 2.99 2015
157 Korea 2.99 2015
158 Sierra Leone 2.94 2015
159 Romania 2.87 2015
160 Brazil 2.79 2015
161 Malawi 2.52 2015
162 Iran 2.28 2000
163 Equatorial Guinea 2.22 1996
164 Brunei 2.07 2015
165 Mauritania 1.90 2015
166 Burundi 1.74 2015
167 Venezuela 1.68 2015
168 Kuwait 1.52 2015
169 Côte d'Ivoire 1.33 2014
170 Algeria 0.95 2015
171 Nigeria 0.94 2015
172 Swaziland 0.75 2015
173 Bangladesh 0.42 2015
174 Congo 0.40 2013
175 Libya 0.34 2010
176 Gabon 0.23 2005
177 Guinea 0.08 2012
178 Papua New Guinea 0.02 2015
179 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.00 2015

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Development Relevance: Tourism is officially recognized as a directly measurable activity, enabling more accurate analysis and more effective policy. Whereas previously the sector relied mostly on approximations from related areas of measurement (e.g. Balance of Payments statistics), tourism today possesses a range of instruments to track its productive activities and the activities of the consumers that drive them: visitors (both tourists and excursionists). An increasing number of countries have opened up and invested in tourism development, making tourism a key driver of socio-economic progress through export revenues, the creation of jobs and enterprises, and infrastructure development. As an internationally traded service, inbound tourism has become one of the world's major trade categories. For many developing countries it is one of the main sources of foreign exchange income and a major component of exports, creating much needed employment and development opportunities. This measure reflects the importance of tourism as an internationally traded service relative to other categories of exports. Such a measure reveals the degree of tourism specialization in a country's export structure and the relative capability of tourism in generating foreign revenues.

Limitations and Exceptions: Tourism can be either domestic or international. The data refers to international tourism, where the traveler's country of residence differs from the visiting country. International tourism consists of inbound (arrival) and outbound (departures) tourism. The data are from the World Tourism Organization (WTO), a United Nations agency. The data on inbound and outbound tourists refer to the number of arrivals and departures, not to the number of people traveling. Thus a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival. The data on inbound tourism show the arrivals of nonresident tourists (overnight visitors) at national borders. When data on international tourists are unavailable or incomplete, the data show the arrivals of international visitors, which include tourists, same-day visitors, cruise passengers, and crew members. Sources and collection methods for arrivals differ across countries. In some cases data are from border statistics (police, immigration, and the like) and supplemented by border surveys. In other cases data are from tourism accommodation establishments. For some countries number of arrivals is limited to arrivals by air and for others to arrivals staying in hotels. Some countries include arrivals of nationals residing abroad while others do not. Caution should thus be used in comparing arrivals across countries. Expenditure associated with the activity of international visitors has been traditionally identified with the travel item of the Balance of Payments (BOP): in the case of inbound tourism, those expenditures associated with inbound visitors are registered as "credits" in the BOP and refers to "travel receipts". The 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics consider that "tourism industries and products" includes transport of passengers. Consequently, a better estimate of tourism-related expenditure by inbound and outbound visitors in an international scenario would be, in terms of the BOP, the value of the travel item plus that of the passenger transport item. Nevertheless, users should be aware that BOP estimates include, in addition to expenditures associated to visitors, those related to other types of travelers (these might be substantial in some countries; for instance, long-term students or patients, border and seasonal workers, etc.). Also data on expenditure by main purpose of the trip are BOP data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inbound tourism expenditures may include receipts from same-day visitors, except when these are important enough to justify separate classification. For some countries they do not include receipts for passenger transport items. Their share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services (all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services). International tourism expenditures' share in exports is calculated as a ratio to exports of goods and services, which comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold, and services. Statistical information on tourism is based mainly on data on arrivals and overnight stays along with balance of payments information. These data do not completely capture the economic phenomenon of tourism or provide the information needed for effective public policies and efficient business operations. Data are needed on the scale and significance of tourism. Information on the role of tourism in national economies is particularly deficient. Although the World Tourism Organization (WTO) reports progress in harmonizing definitions and measurement, differences in national practices still prevent full comparability. The World Tourism Organization is improving its coverage of tourism expenditure data, using balance of payments data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) supplemented by data from individual countries. These data include travel and passenger transport items as defined in the IMF's Balance of Payments. When the IMF does not report data on passenger transport items, expenditure data for travel items are shown. The aggregates are calculated using the World Bank's weighted aggregation methodology and differ from the World Tourism Organization's aggregates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual