Prevalence of undernourishment (% of population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 5 may signify a prevalence of undernourishment below 5%.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (http://www.fao.org/publications/en/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Central African Republic 58.60 2015
2 Haiti 46.80 2015
3 Zambia 45.90 2015
4 Zimbabwe 44.70 2015
5 Liberia 42.80 2015
6 Madagascar 42.30 2015
7 Rwanda 41.10 2015
8 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 40.80 2015
9 Uganda 39.00 2015
10 Chad 32.50 2015
11 Tanzania 32.30 2015
12 Sierra Leone 30.90 2015
13 Tajikistan 30.10 2015
14 Namibia 28.80 2015
14 Yemen 28.80 2015
14 Ethiopia 28.80 2015
17 Guinea-Bissau 28.30 2015
18 Congo 28.20 2015
19 Iraq 27.80 2015
20 Timor-Leste 26.90 2015
21 Antigua and Barbuda 26.70 2015
22 Mozambique 26.60 2015
23 Botswana 26.00 2015
24 Malawi 25.90 2015
25 Sudan 25.60 2015
26 Grenada 25.50 2015
27 Afghanistan 23.00 2015
28 Sri Lanka 22.10 2015
29 Burkina Faso 20.20 2015
29 Bolivia 20.20 2015
31 Pakistan 19.90 2015
32 Mongolia 19.60 2015
32 Swaziland 19.60 2015
34 Kenya 19.10 2015
35 Guinea 17.50 2015
36 Lao PDR 17.10 2015
37 Nicaragua 17.00 2015
37 St. Lucia 17.00 2015
39 Myanmar 16.90 2015
40 Guatemala 15.60 2015
41 Côte d'Ivoire 15.40 2015
42 Cambodia 15.30 2015
43 Bangladesh 15.10 2015
44 Honduras 14.80 2015
45 Lesotho 14.50 2015
45 India 14.50 2015
47 Angola 14.00 2015
48 Solomon Islands 13.90 2015
49 Philippines 13.80 2015
50 Cabo Verde 13.70 2015
51 Dominican Republic 13.50 2015
51 São Tomé and Principe 13.50 2015
53 Venezuela 13.00 2015
54 Djibouti 12.80 2015
55 El Salvador 12.30 2015
56 Ecuador 12.10 2015
57 Paraguay 12.00 2015
58 Togo 11.50 2015
59 Niger 11.30 2015
59 Senegal 11.30 2015
61 The Gambia 10.90 2015
62 Vietnam 10.70 2015
63 Benin 10.30 2015
64 The Bahamas 10.00 2015
65 China 9.60 2015
66 Thailand 9.50 2015
67 Panama 9.30 2015
68 New Caledonia 9.10 2015
69 Moldova 8.50 2015
69 Guyana 8.50 2015
71 Jamaica 8.40 2015
72 Nepal 8.10 2015
73 Peru 7.90 2015
73 Nigeria 7.90 2015
73 Indonesia 7.90 2015
73 Suriname 7.90 2015
73 Cameroon 7.90 2015
78 Ghana 7.60 2015
79 Colombia 7.10 2015
80 Georgia 7.00 2015
80 Gabon 7.00 2015
82 Vanuatu 6.90 2015
83 Kyrgyz Republic 6.40 2015
84 Macao SAR, China 6.30 2015
84 Uzbekistan 6.30 2015
86 Belize 6.20 2015
86 Oman 6.20 2015
88 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.00 2015
89 Dominica 5.80 2015
90 Costa Rica 5.60 2015
90 Serbia 5.60 2015
92 Iran 5.50 2015
92 Turkmenistan 5.50 2015
94 Lebanon 5.40 2015
95 Mauritania 5.30 2015
96 Mauritius 5.20 2015
97 Tunisia 5.00 2015
98 Albania 4.90 2015
99 Trinidad and Tobago 4.80 2015
100 Cyprus 4.70 2015
101 Algeria 4.60 2015
101 South Africa 4.60 2015
101 Fiji 4.60 2015
104 Egypt 4.50 2015
105 Saudi Arabia 4.40 2015
105 Barbados 4.40 2015
105 Armenia 4.40 2015
108 Mexico 4.20 2015
108 Jordan 4.20 2015
110 Mali 4.00 2015
111 Macedonia 3.90 2015
112 United Arab Emirates 3.80 2015
113 Chile 3.70 2015
114 Argentina 3.60 2015
115 Morocco 3.50 2015
116 Bulgaria 3.40 2015
117 Kiribati 3.30 2015
118 Samoa 3.20 2015
119 Slovak Republic 3.10 2015
120 Ukraine 2.50 2015
120 Hong Kong SAR, China 2.50 2015
120 Brazil 2.50 2015
120 Denmark 2.50 2015
120 Cuba 2.50 2015
120 New Zealand 2.50 2015
120 Poland 2.50 2015
120 Czech Republic 2.50 2015
120 Lithuania 2.50 2015
120 Romania 2.50 2015
120 Spain 2.50 2015
120 Japan 2.50 2015
120 Finland 2.50 2015
120 United Kingdom 2.50 2015
120 Canada 2.50 2015
120 Australia 2.50 2015
120 Israel 2.50 2015
120 Italy 2.50 2015
120 Estonia 2.50 2015
120 Russia 2.50 2015
120 Korea 2.50 2015
120 Kuwait 2.50 2015
120 Portugal 2.50 2015
120 Netherlands 2.50 2015
120 Norway 2.50 2015
120 Azerbaijan 2.50 2015
120 Belgium 2.50 2015
120 Germany 2.50 2015
120 Brunei 2.50 2015
120 Greece 2.50 2015
120 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.50 2015
120 Switzerland 2.50 2015
120 Slovenia 2.50 2015
120 Uruguay 2.50 2015
120 United States 2.50 2015
120 Hungary 2.50 2015
120 Turkey 2.50 2015
120 Ireland 2.50 2015
120 Iceland 2.50 2015
120 Latvia 2.50 2015
120 Montenegro 2.50 2015
120 Sweden 2.50 2015
120 France 2.50 2015
120 Belarus 2.50 2015
120 Croatia 2.50 2015
120 Malta 2.50 2015
120 Austria 2.50 2015
120 Kazakhstan 2.50 2015
120 Luxembourg 2.50 2015
120 Malaysia 2.50 2015

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Development Relevance: Good nutrition is the cornerstone for survival, health and development. Well-nourished children perform better in school, grow into healthy adults and in turn give their children a better start in life. Well-nourished women face fewer risks during pregnancy and childbirth, and their children set off on firmer developmental paths, both physically and mentally (UNICEF www.childinfo.org).

Limitations and Exceptions: From a policy and program standpoint, this measure has its limits. First, food insecurity exists even where food availability is not a problem because of inadequate access of poor households to food. Second, food insecurity is an individual or household phenomenon, and the average food available to each person, even corrected for possible effects of low income, is not a good predictor of food insecurity among the population. And third, nutrition security is determined not only by food security but also by the quality of care of mothers and children and the quality of the household's health environment (Smith and Haddad 2000).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on undernourishment are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and measure food deprivation based on average food available for human consumption per person, the level of inequality in access to food, and the minimum calories required for an average person.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual