Net migration - Country Ranking

Definition: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.

Source: The United Nations Population Division’s World Population Prospects.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 4,500,000.00 2012
2 Germany 1,777,126.00 2012
3 Turkey 1,627,172.00 2012
4 Saudi Arabia 1,590,000.00 2012
5 Lebanon 1,250,000.00 2012
6 Canada 1,145,721.00 2012
7 Russia 1,017,884.00 2012
8 United Kingdom 990,000.00 2012
9 Jordan 975,285.00 2012
10 Australia 913,107.00 2012
11 Oman 817,500.00 2012
12 South Africa 806,500.00 2012
13 Malaysia 781,650.00 2012
14 Kuwait 670,000.00 2012
15 Qatar 602,000.00 2012
16 United Arab Emirates 480,000.00 2012
17 Iraq 463,665.00 2012
18 Afghanistan 448,007.00 2012
19 Switzerland 397,267.00 2012
20 France 361,722.00 2012
21 Japan 358,133.00 2012
22 Singapore 337,932.00 2012
23 Austria 267,172.00 2012
24 Italy 264,145.00 2012
25 Belgium 258,672.00 2012
26 Sweden 253,958.00 2012
27 Norway 221,814.00 2012
28 Korea 169,634.00 2012
29 Thailand 167,314.00 2012
30 Kazakhstan 159,807.00 2012
31 Denmark 106,841.00 2012
32 Chad 100,000.00 2012
33 New Zealand 90,895.00 2012
34 Equatorial Guinea 90,001.00 2012
35 Angola 87,322.00 2012
36 Gabon 85,442.00 2012
37 Finland 81,416.00 2012
38 Chile 80,820.00 2012
39 Belarus 75,799.00 2012
40 Hong Kong SAR, China 74,892.00 2012
41 Netherlands 62,687.00 2012
42 Côte d'Ivoire 60,000.00 2012
43 Czech Republic 59,997.00 2012
44 Luxembourg 48,704.00 2012
45 Macao SAR, China 42,350.00 2012
46 Bahrain 42,000.00 2012
47 Mauritania 40,000.00 2012
48 Argentina 30,000.00 2012
49 Hungary 29,999.00 2012
50 Panama 28,105.00 2012
51 Cyprus 22,509.00 2012
52 Costa Rica 19,658.00 2012
53 Israel 19,497.00 2012
54 Slovenia 16,571.00 2012
55 Brazil 15,924.00 2012
56 Dem. Rep. Congo 15,060.00 2012
57 Botswana 15,000.00 2012
58 Slovak Republic 11,346.00 2012
59 Bhutan 10,000.00 2012
60 The Bahamas 9,672.00 2012
61 Malta 9,447.00 2012
62 Belize 7,594.00 2012
63 Djibouti 6,002.00 2012
64 New Caledonia 5,660.00 2012
65 Barbados 2,180.00 2012
66 Brunei 2,030.00 2012
67 Vanuatu 604.00 2012
68 St. Lucia 40.00 2012
69 Azerbaijan 0.00 2012
70 Antigua and Barbuda -56.00 2012
71 Papua New Guinea -1,001.00 2012
72 Namibia -1,371.00 2012
73 Kiribati -2,130.00 2012
74 Iceland -2,163.00 2012
75 Seychelles -2,201.00 2012
76 Montenegro -3,112.00 2012
77 Grenada -4,274.00 2012
78 Trinidad and Tobago -4,999.00 2012
79 Suriname -5,000.00 2012
79 St. Vincent and the Grenadines -5,000.00 2012
81 São Tomé and Principe -5,599.00 2012
82 Swaziland -6,000.00 2012
83 Madagascar -7,500.00 2012
84 Tonga -8,078.00 2012
85 Macedonia -8,853.00 2012
86 Moldova -9,529.00 2012
87 Togo -9,994.00 2012
88 Comoros -10,000.00 2012
89 Guinea-Bissau -10,003.00 2012
90 Estonia -10,516.00 2012
91 Cabo Verde -11,052.00 2012
92 Solomon Islands -11,868.00 2012
93 Mauritius -12,079.00 2012
94 Samoa -12,690.00 2012
95 The Gambia -13,476.00 2012
96 Honduras -15,001.00 2012
96 Mongolia -15,001.00 2012
98 Liberia -20,000.00 2012
99 Sierra Leone -21,000.00 2012
100 Bulgaria -24,472.00 2012
101 Lesotho -25,000.00 2012
101 Mozambique -25,000.00 2012
103 Dem. People's Rep. Korea -27,013.00 2012
104 Guyana -27,278.00 2012
105 Niger -28,497.00 2012
106 Fiji -28,720.00 2012
107 Uruguay -30,000.00 2012
107 Malawi -30,000.00 2012
109 Armenia -30,535.00 2012
110 Croatia -32,772.00 2012
111 Zambia -34,490.00 2012
112 Cameroon -36,000.00 2012
113 Ecuador -38,001.00 2012
114 Benin -42,268.00 2012
115 Ghana -49,999.00 2012
116 Kenya -50,000.00 2012
117 Turkmenistan -50,002.00 2012
118 Timor-Leste -50,004.00 2012
119 Guatemala -50,131.00 2012
120 Congo -60,001.00 2012
120 Ethiopia -60,001.00 2012
122 Bolivia -61,794.00 2012
123 Tunisia -65,963.00 2012
124 Uzbekistan -66,469.00 2012
125 Venezuela -69,121.00 2012
126 Burundi -70,000.00 2012
127 Cuba -73,271.00 2012
128 Poland -73,997.00 2012
129 Yemen -75,010.00 2012
130 Rwanda -79,101.00 2012
131 Latvia -83,325.00 2012
132 Paraguay -86,700.00 2012
133 Jamaica -93,096.00 2012
134 Albania -93,425.00 2012
135 Senegal -99,996.00 2012
136 Tajikistan -99,999.00 2012
136 Serbia -99,999.00 2012
138 Puerto Rico -103,530.00 2012
139 Burkina Faso -125,000.00 2012
140 Nicaragua -135,000.00 2012
141 Kyrgyz Republic -137,902.00 2012
142 Ireland -139,996.00 2012
143 Portugal -140,000.00 2012
144 Algeria -143,268.00 2012
145 Colombia -144,998.00 2012
146 Lithuania -146,217.00 2012
147 Cambodia -149,999.00 2012
148 Uganda -150,000.00 2012
148 Haiti -150,000.00 2012
150 Dominican Republic -153,010.00 2012
151 Eritrea -159,999.00 2012
152 Bosnia and Herzegovina -161,371.00 2012
153 Greece -161,799.00 2012
154 Lao PDR -177,488.00 2012
155 Tanzania -199,999.00 2012
156 Ukraine -200,000.00 2012
157 Vietnam -200,002.00 2012
158 Somalia -226,869.00 2012
159 Peru -240,000.00 2012
160 El Salvador -240,415.00 2012
161 Zimbabwe -249,999.00 2012
162 Guinea -250,000.00 2012
163 Egypt -275,026.00 2012
164 Romania -299,997.00 2012
165 Nigeria -300,000.00 2012
165 Mexico -300,000.00 2012
167 Mali -302,449.00 2012
168 Georgia -305,269.00 2012
169 Morocco -307,108.00 2012
170 Nepal -372,369.00 2012
171 Central African Republic -396,129.00 2012
172 Iran -400,001.00 2012
173 Libya -433,403.00 2012
174 Myanmar -474,278.00 2012
175 Sri Lanka -484,772.00 2012
176 Spain -570,000.00 2012
177 Sudan -589,384.00 2012
178 Philippines -650,000.00 2012
179 Indonesia -835,000.00 2012
180 Pakistan -1,181,920.00 2012
181 China -1,698,448.00 2012
182 Bangladesh -2,526,483.00 2012
183 India -2,578,213.00 2012
184 Syrian Arab Republic -4,157,896.00 2012

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Movement of people, most often through migration, is a significant part of global integration. Migrants contribute to the economies of both their host country and their country of origin. Yet reliable statistics on migration are difficult to collect and are often incomplete, making international comparisons a challenge. Global migration patterns have become increasingly complex in modern times, involving not just refugees, but also millions of economic migrants. In most developed countries, refugees are admitted for resettlement and are routinely included in population counts by censuses or population registers. But refugees and migrants, even if they often travel in the same way, are fundamentally different, and for that reason are treated very differently under modern international law. Migrants, especially economic migrants, choose to move in order to improve the future prospects of themselves and their families. Refugees have to move if they are to save their lives or preserve their freedom.

Limitations and Exceptions: International migration is the component of population change most difficult to measure and estimate reliably. Thus, the quality and quantity of the data used in the estimation and projection of net migration varies considerably by country. Furthermore, the movement of people across international boundaries, which is very often a response to changing socio-economic, political and environmental forces, is subject to a great deal of volatility. Refugee movements, for instance, may involve large numbers of people moving across boundaries in a short time. For these reasons, projections of future international migration levels are the least robust part of current population projections and reflect mainly a continuation of recent levels and trends in net migration.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The United Nations Population Division provides data on net migration and migrant stock. Because data on migrant stock is difficult for countries to collect, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods when deriving estimates of net migration. The data to calculate these estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When there is insufficient data, net migration is derived through the difference between the overall population growth rate and the rate of natural increase (the difference between the birth rate and the death rate) during the same period. Such calculations are usually made for intercensal periods. The estimates are also derived from the data on foreign-born population - people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population - that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside - are used as estimates.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual