Children in employment, wage workers (% of children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 59.00 2009
2 Bangladesh 47.70 2013
3 Jordan 44.46 2007
4 Trinidad and Tobago 43.25 2006
5 India 40.93 2012
6 Uruguay 40.78 2009
7 Mexico 36.36 2013
8 Turkey 34.12 2006
9 Rwanda 31.10 2011
10 Zimbabwe 28.41 1999
11 Brazil 27.52 2014
12 Dominican Republic 26.31 2012
13 Paraguay 25.94 2014
14 Venezuela 25.92 2013
15 Tajikistan 24.16 2005
16 Guatemala 23.78 2015
17 Syrian Arab Republic 21.45 2006
18 Philippines 20.42 2011
19 Macedonia 20.37 2011
20 Cambodia 19.63 2012
21 Honduras 19.35 2014
22 Sudan 17.72 2008
23 Afghanistan 17.37 2011
24 Costa Rica 16.90 2011
25 Jamaica 16.87 2011
26 Swaziland 16.01 2010
27 Nigeria 15.78 2011
28 Indonesia 15.60 2010
29 El Salvador 15.48 2013
30 Pakistan 14.38 2011
31 Algeria 14.36 2013
32 Colombia 14.26 2014
33 Belarus 14.21 2012
34 Tunisia 13.77 2012
35 Thailand 13.54 2006
36 Ukraine 13.18 2012
37 Mauritania 13.03 2011
38 Argentina 12.80 2012
39 Iraq 12.67 2011
40 Panama 11.69 2014
41 Madagascar 9.99 2007
42 Nicaragua 9.48 2012
43 Gabon 8.64 2012
44 Chad 7.65 2010
45 Niger 7.54 2012
46 Vietnam 7.53 2012
47 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.50 2010
48 Yemen 7.35 2010
49 South Africa 7.10 1999
50 Congo 7.09 2012
51 Malawi 6.74 2006
52 Ecuador 6.59 2015
53 Bolivia 6.32 2013
54 Burundi 6.19 2010
55 Angola 6.17 2001
56 Peru 5.98 2007
57 Côte d'Ivoire 5.48 2012
58 Serbia 5.16 2005
59 Benin 4.79 2012
60 Namibia 4.50 1999
61 Sri Lanka 4.44 2009
62 Central African Republic 4.32 2010
63 Georgia 4.28 2006
64 Guinea-Bissau 3.95 2006
64 Kazakhstan 3.95 2006
66 Zambia 3.92 2008
67 Azerbaijan 3.80 2005
67 Uzbekistan 3.80 2006
69 Mozambique 3.69 2008
70 Lesotho 3.63 2000
71 Haiti 3.58 2012
72 Lao PDR 3.55 2010
73 Ethiopia 3.28 2011
74 Uganda 2.98 2012
75 Mali 2.83 2013
76 Cameroon 2.45 2011
77 Guinea 2.44 2012
78 Togo 2.21 2010
79 Nepal 2.08 2008
80 Albania 1.91 2010
81 Moldova 1.65 2009
82 Tanzania 1.61 2014
83 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.60 2006
84 Somalia 1.57 2006
85 Senegal 1.41 2011
86 Burkina Faso 1.34 2010
87 Liberia 0.90 2010
88 Sierra Leone 0.76 2013
89 Ghana 0.50 2012
90 Kyrgyz Republic 0.45 2014
91 Mongolia 0.15 2007

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual