Unemployment, male (% of male labor force) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Solomon Islands 30.20 2017
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.60 2017
3 South Africa 24.90 2017
4 Lesotho 24.80 2017
5 Macedonia 24.60 2017
6 Swaziland 24.30 2017
7 Mozambique 22.30 2017
8 The Gambia 21.70 2017
9 Namibia 21.10 2017
10 Greece 18.90 2017
11 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.80 2017
12 Comoros 18.40 2017
13 Montenegro 18.00 2017
14 St. Lucia 17.90 2017
15 Gabon 16.30 2017
16 Armenia 16.20 2017
17 Spain 15.80 2017
18 Botswana 15.40 2017
19 Albania 14.70 2017
20 Libya 14.60 2017
21 Oman 14.30 2017
22 Puerto Rico 13.50 2017
22 Serbia 13.50 2017
24 Iraq 12.70 2017
24 Georgia 12.70 2017
26 New Caledonia 12.60 2017
27 Tunisia 12.40 2017
27 Jordan 12.40 2017
29 Yemen 12.00 2017
30 Brazil 11.90 2017
31 Barbados 11.60 2017
31 Haiti 11.60 2017
33 Tajikistan 11.50 2017
34 São Tomé and Principe 11.40 2017
34 Cyprus 11.40 2017
36 Sudan 11.20 2017
36 The Bahamas 11.20 2017
38 Syrian Arab Republic 11.00 2017
39 Croatia 10.80 2017
40 Italy 10.70 2017
41 Morocco 10.60 2017
42 Turkey 10.40 2017
43 Latvia 10.30 2017
44 Ukraine 10.10 2017
45 France 10.00 2017
45 Algeria 10.00 2017
47 Portugal 9.70 2017
47 Iran 9.70 2017
49 Congo 9.40 2017
50 Lithuania 9.30 2017
50 Jamaica 9.30 2017
50 Guyana 9.30 2017
53 Cabo Verde 9.10 2017
53 Mauritania 9.10 2017
53 Kenya 9.10 2017
56 Dominican Republic 8.90 2017
57 Uzbekistan 8.80 2017
57 Turkmenistan 8.80 2017
59 Finland 8.70 2017
60 El Salvador 8.50 2017
61 Slovak Republic 8.10 2017
62 Egypt 8.00 2017
63 Côte d'Ivoire 7.90 2017
63 Estonia 7.90 2017
65 Afghanistan 7.70 2017
66 Sweden 7.50 2017
66 Belgium 7.50 2017
68 Belize 7.40 2017
68 Senegal 7.40 2017
70 Zambia 7.30 2017
70 Mali 7.30 2017
70 Canada 7.30 2017
73 Argentina 7.20 2017
74 Slovenia 7.10 2017
75 Costa Rica 7.00 2017
75 Ireland 7.00 2017
77 Mongolia 6.90 2017
77 Uruguay 6.90 2017
77 Kyrgyz Republic 6.90 2017
77 Venezuela 6.90 2017
81 Colombia 6.80 2017
82 Equatorial Guinea 6.50 2017
83 Bulgaria 6.40 2017
83 Fiji 6.40 2017
83 Romania 6.40 2017
83 Malawi 6.40 2017
83 Chile 6.40 2017
88 Peru 6.20 2017
89 Eritrea 6.10 2017
89 Central African Republic 6.10 2017
89 Samoa 6.10 2017
89 Austria 6.10 2017
89 Nicaragua 6.10 2017
94 Suriname 6.00 2017
95 Denmark 5.90 2017
96 Zimbabwe 5.80 2017
96 Angola 5.80 2017
96 Philippines 5.80 2017
99 Guinea 5.70 2017
99 Somalia 5.70 2017
99 Togo 5.70 2017
102 Brunei 5.60 2017
102 Guinea-Bissau 5.60 2017
102 Luxembourg 5.60 2017
102 Australia 5.60 2017
106 Djibouti 5.50 2017
106 Russia 5.50 2017
106 Moldova 5.50 2017
109 Ghana 5.40 2017
110 Lebanon 5.30 2017
111 Indonesia 5.20 2017
111 Norway 5.20 2017
111 China 5.20 2017
114 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 5.00 2017
114 Paraguay 5.00 2017
114 Poland 5.00 2017
114 Israel 5.00 2017
118 United States 4.90 2017
118 Mauritius 4.90 2017
118 United Kingdom 4.90 2017
118 New Zealand 4.90 2017
122 Chad 4.80 2017
122 Vanuatu 4.80 2017
124 Pakistan 4.60 2017
124 Nigeria 4.60 2017
126 Malta 4.50 2017
126 Kazakhstan 4.50 2017
126 Netherlands 4.50 2017
129 Azerbaijan 4.40 2017
130 Switzerland 4.30 2017
130 Ecuador 4.30 2017
132 Hungary 4.20 2017
133 Honduras 4.10 2017
133 Liberia 4.10 2017
135 Germany 4.00 2017
136 Korea 3.90 2017
136 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.90 2017
138 Burkina Faso 3.80 2017
138 Sierra Leone 3.80 2017
140 Panama 3.70 2017
140 Cameroon 3.70 2017
140 Mexico 3.70 2017
140 Trinidad and Tobago 3.70 2017
144 Nepal 3.60 2017
144 Bangladesh 3.60 2017
146 Tonga 3.40 2017
146 India 3.40 2017
148 Malaysia 3.30 2017
148 Timor-Leste 3.30 2017
150 Sri Lanka 3.20 2017
150 Niger 3.20 2017
152 Japan 3.10 2017
153 Ethiopia 3.00 2017
153 Saudi Arabia 3.00 2017
155 United Arab Emirates 2.90 2017
155 Czech Republic 2.90 2017
155 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.90 2017
155 Bolivia 2.90 2017
159 Uganda 2.70 2017
160 Macao SAR, China 2.60 2017
160 Iceland 2.60 2017
162 Kuwait 2.50 2017
163 Rwanda 2.40 2017
164 Cuba 2.30 2017
165 Papua New Guinea 2.20 2017
165 Vietnam 2.20 2017
165 Guatemala 2.20 2017
168 Tanzania 2.00 2017
168 Singapore 2.00 2017
170 Bhutan 1.90 2017
171 Madagascar 1.70 2017
171 Lao PDR 1.70 2017
173 Burundi 1.30 2017
174 Benin 1.10 2017
175 Thailand 1.00 2017
176 Myanmar 0.80 2017
177 Bahrain 0.50 2017
177 Belarus 0.50 2017
179 Cambodia 0.40 2017
180 Qatar 0.10 2017

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections. National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.