Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Oman 79.30 2017
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 67.40 2017
3 Syrian Arab Republic 64.30 2017
4 Libya 62.40 2017
5 South Africa 60.00 2017
6 Saudi Arabia 58.50 2017
7 Jordan 56.50 2017
8 Iraq 56.40 2017
9 Swaziland 55.90 2017
10 St. Lucia 53.50 2017
11 Greece 52.40 2017
12 Macedonia 51.10 2017
13 Namibia 50.50 2017
14 Solomon Islands 50.00 2017
14 Lesotho 50.00 2017
16 The Gambia 49.80 2017
17 Egypt 48.20 2017
18 Algeria 45.60 2017
19 Yemen 44.70 2017
20 Gabon 44.30 2017
21 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 42.60 2017
22 Dominican Republic 42.10 2017
23 Armenia 41.40 2017
24 Iran 41.30 2017
25 Mozambique 41.10 2017
26 Spain 40.80 2017
27 Haiti 40.70 2017
28 New Caledonia 39.30 2017
29 Italy 39.00 2017
30 Botswana 38.80 2017
31 Comoros 38.70 2017
32 Jamaica 38.60 2017
33 Serbia 38.40 2017
34 Tunisia 37.20 2017
35 Suriname 35.90 2017
36 Guyana 35.30 2017
37 Montenegro 35.20 2017
38 São Tomé and Principe 34.70 2017
39 Brazil 34.40 2017
40 Belize 32.70 2017
41 Barbados 32.20 2017
42 Georgia 32.10 2017
43 Sudan 31.70 2017
44 Albania 31.20 2017
45 The Bahamas 30.60 2017
46 Croatia 30.10 2017
47 Mauritius 29.80 2017
48 Costa Rica 29.50 2017
49 Uruguay 28.50 2017
50 Cyprus 27.60 2017
51 Sri Lanka 26.20 2017
52 Argentina 26.10 2017
53 Portugal 26.00 2017
53 Fiji 26.00 2017
55 Colombia 25.90 2017
56 Brunei 25.50 2017
57 Afghanistan 25.00 2017
58 Lebanon 24.70 2017
59 Turkey 23.90 2017
60 Cabo Verde 23.70 2017
61 France 23.40 2017
62 Puerto Rico 23.00 2017
62 Kenya 23.00 2017
64 Slovak Republic 22.90 2017
65 Congo 22.80 2017
66 Romania 21.60 2017
67 Mauritania 21.20 2017
68 Ukraine 20.60 2017
69 United Arab Emirates 20.30 2017
70 Morocco 20.10 2017
70 Samoa 20.10 2017
72 Venezuela 19.70 2017
73 Indonesia 19.50 2017
73 Honduras 19.50 2017
75 Uzbekistan 19.00 2017
76 Senegal 18.90 2017
77 Timor-Leste 18.70 2017
78 Kyrgyz Republic 18.60 2017
79 Turkmenistan 18.50 2017
80 Chile 18.30 2017
81 Finland 18.20 2017
82 Côte d'Ivoire 17.80 2017
83 Belgium 17.70 2017
84 Panama 17.20 2017
84 Sweden 17.20 2017
84 Luxembourg 17.20 2017
87 Mali 16.80 2017
88 Azerbaijan 16.60 2017
89 Peru 16.50 2017
90 Ecuador 16.20 2017
91 Russia 15.50 2017
92 Slovenia 15.40 2017
92 Philippines 15.40 2017
94 Pakistan 15.20 2017
95 Mongolia 14.90 2017
96 Bulgaria 14.60 2017
97 Poland 14.40 2017
98 New Zealand 14.20 2017
98 Latvia 14.20 2017
100 Paraguay 14.10 2017
101 Trinidad and Tobago 14.00 2017
102 Tonga 13.90 2017
103 Lithuania 13.60 2017
103 Malaysia 13.60 2017
105 Tajikistan 13.40 2017
106 Zambia 13.30 2017
106 Bahrain 13.30 2017
108 Nicaragua 13.20 2017
109 El Salvador 13.10 2017
110 Ghana 12.90 2017
110 Equatorial Guinea 12.90 2017
112 Estonia 12.70 2017
113 Djibouti 12.10 2017
114 Eritrea 12.00 2017
115 Guinea-Bissau 11.80 2017
115 Moldova 11.80 2017
117 Togo 11.70 2017
117 Denmark 11.70 2017
119 Vanuatu 11.60 2017
119 Central African Republic 11.60 2017
119 Angola 11.60 2017
122 Bhutan 11.50 2017
122 Somalia 11.50 2017
124 Guinea 11.40 2017
124 Australia 11.40 2017
126 Canada 11.20 2017
127 Ireland 11.10 2017
128 Malta 11.00 2017
129 Nigeria 10.90 2017
130 Ethiopia 10.80 2017
130 India 10.80 2017
132 Chad 10.70 2017
133 Hungary 10.30 2017
134 United Kingdom 10.20 2017
135 Bangladesh 10.00 2017
135 Zimbabwe 10.00 2017
137 Czech Republic 9.90 2017
138 Israel 9.80 2017
139 Austria 9.70 2017
140 Korea 9.50 2017
140 Kuwait 9.50 2017
142 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 9.20 2017
143 Netherlands 9.00 2017
143 United States 9.00 2017
145 Bolivia 8.90 2017
145 China 8.90 2017
147 Norway 8.80 2017
148 Malawi 8.70 2017
148 Hong Kong SAR, China 8.70 2017
150 Mexico 8.50 2017
151 Cameroon 8.20 2017
152 Guatemala 8.10 2017
153 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.80 2017
154 Switzerland 7.70 2017
155 Tanzania 6.50 2017
155 Vietnam 6.50 2017
157 Papua New Guinea 6.30 2017
158 Cuba 6.20 2017
159 Thailand 6.10 2017
160 Iceland 6.00 2017
161 Kazakhstan 5.80 2017
162 Singapore 5.70 2017
163 Qatar 5.60 2017
164 Liberia 5.50 2017
165 Germany 5.30 2017
166 Madagascar 4.20 2017
167 Nepal 4.00 2017
167 Uganda 4.00 2017
169 Burkina Faso 3.70 2017
169 Japan 3.70 2017
171 Rwanda 3.60 2017
171 Macao SAR, China 3.60 2017
173 Burundi 3.10 2017
173 Lao PDR 3.10 2017
175 Sierra Leone 2.70 2017
176 Myanmar 2.10 2017
177 Benin 2.00 2017
178 Niger 1.90 2017
179 Belarus 1.20 2017
180 Cambodia 0.70 2017

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections. National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.