Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Algeria 82.02 2017
2 Libya 67.84 2012
3 Iraq 63.27 2017
4 Saudi Arabia 62.58 2018
5 South Africa 58.75 2018
6 Lesotho 53.60 2008
7 St. Lucia 51.01 2016
8 Eswatini 50.05 2016
9 Malawi 47.66 2017
10 Tuvalu 45.85 2016
11 Greece 43.92 2018
12 Sudan 43.52 2011
13 Syrian Arab Republic 43.52 2010
14 Botswana 43.45 2010
15 Samoa 43.42 2017
16 North Macedonia 43.21 2018
17 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 42.98 1991
18 Gabon 41.90 2010
19 Armenia 41.46 2013
20 New Caledonia 39.97 2014
21 Iran 39.94 2018
22 Grenada 39.37 1998
23 Congo 39.21 2005
24 Namibia 38.54 2018
25 Egypt 38.33 2017
26 Bosnia and Herzegovina 37.94 2019
27 Nauru 37.50 2013
28 Tunisia 37.41 2015
29 San Marino 35.96 2016
30 Georgia 35.25 2018
31 Italy 34.82 2018
32 Yemen 34.63 2014
33 Oman 33.90 2016
34 Spain 33.26 2018
35 Brazil 32.78 2018
36 Serbia 32.04 2018
37 Cabo Verde 31.86 2018
38 The Bahamas 31.64 2016
39 Barbados 31.51 2016
40 Uruguay 30.73 2018
41 Kuwait 29.99 2016
42 Brunei 29.48 2017
43 Costa Rica 29.47 2011
44 Croatia 29.41 2018
45 Jamaica 29.29 2018
46 Sri Lanka 28.36 2016
47 Mauritius 27.98 2018
48 Monaco 27.93 2016
49 Argentina 27.77 2018
50 Guyana 27.73 2017
51 Albania 27.71 2017
52 Dominica 25.58 2001
53 Turkey 25.03 2018
54 Belize 24.78 2017
55 Zambia 24.40 2017
56 India 24.17 2018
57 Colombia 24.05 2018
58 Nepal 23.91 2017
59 Montenegro 23.57 2018
60 Morocco 22.75 2016
61 Rwanda 22.62 2018
62 Fiji 22.35 2016
63 Kyrgyz Republic 22.30 2018
64 Suriname 21.87 2015
65 Lebanon 21.60 2007
66 Antigua and Barbuda 21.55 2001
67 Afghanistan 21.40 2017
68 Zimbabwe 21.24 2014
69 Portugal 20.88 2018
70 Angola 20.86 2010
71 Puerto Rico 20.31 2008
72 Chile 20.20 2018
73 France 19.99 2018
74 Dominican Republic 19.72 2017
75 Ukraine 19.26 2018
76 Haiti 19.19 2012
77 Nigeria 19.12 2016
78 Mali 18.83 2018
79 Comoros 18.78 2014
80 Paraguay 18.73 2018
81 Mongolia 18.43 2018
82 Venezuela 18.25 2012
83 Russia 17.89 2018
84 Uganda 17.33 2017
85 The Gambia 17.22 2012
86 Mauritania 17.02 2012
87 Bangladesh 16.80 2017
88 Finland 16.79 2018
89 Indonesia 16.53 2018
90 Honduras 16.29 2018
91 Cyprus 16.20 2018
92 Romania 16.16 2018
93 Slovak Republic 16.13 2018
94 Timor-Leste 15.88 2016
95 Azerbaijan 15.78 2015
96 Sweden 15.55 2018
97 Lao PDR 15.49 2017
98 Belgium 15.26 2018
99 Panama 15.26 2018
100 Peru 15.05 2018
101 Nicaragua 12.95 2014
102 United Arab Emirates 12.78 2018
103 Bhutan 12.71 2015
104 Ireland 12.60 2018
105 Burkina Faso 12.53 2014
106 Singapore 12.50 2016
107 Bahrain 12.23 2012
108 Poland 12.09 2018
109 Luxembourg 11.90 2018
110 Bulgaria 11.89 2018
111 Latvia 11.84 2018
112 El Salvador 11.68 2018
113 Malaysia 11.42 2016
114 Cayman Islands 11.41 2015
115 Estonia 11.37 2018
116 New Zealand 10.71 2018
117 Hungary 10.68 2018
118 Australia 10.67 2018
119 Palau 10.63 2000
120 Ecuador 10.57 2018
121 Seychelles 10.36 2018
122 United Kingdom 10.27 2018
123 Lithuania 10.07 2018
124 Korea 10.04 2018
125 St. Kitts and Nevis 9.81 2001
126 Canada 9.62 2018
127 Slovenia 9.55 2018
128 Austria 9.37 2018
129 Vanuatu 9.21 2009
130 Senegal 8.94 2015
131 Ghana 8.74 2017
132 Norway 8.62 2018
133 Trinidad and Tobago 8.40 2016
134 Belarus 8.37 2018
135 Philippines 8.22 2018
136 Hong Kong SAR, China 8.20 2017
137 Denmark 8.17 2018
138 Guatemala 8.05 2017
139 Vietnam 7.89 2018
140 United States 7.67 2018
141 Mexico 7.61 2018
142 Switzerland 7.46 2018
143 Kiribati 7.45 2015
144 Kenya 7.43 2016
145 Israel 7.37 2018
146 Czech Republic 7.20 2018
147 Moldova 7.17 2018
148 Mozambique 7.13 2015
149 Bolivia 7.06 2018
150 Cameroon 6.81 2014
151 Malta 6.78 2018
152 Pakistan 6.78 2018
153 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.76 2012
154 Netherlands 6.64 2018
155 Côte d'Ivoire 6.49 2017
156 Sierra Leone 6.10 2014
157 Benin 5.95 2011
158 Iceland 5.63 2018
159 Cuba 5.59 2010
160 Germany 5.12 2018
161 Guinea 4.75 2002
162 Tanzania 4.63 2014
163 Ethiopia 4.48 2013
164 Togo 4.12 2015
165 Tajikistan 4.09 2009
166 Kazakhstan 3.97 2017
167 Macao SAR, China 3.91 2017
168 Japan 3.10 2018
169 Thailand 2.98 2013
170 Papua New Guinea 2.95 2010
171 Liberia 2.22 2016
172 Myanmar 2.18 2018
173 Burundi 1.97 2014
174 Solomon Islands 1.59 2013
175 Qatar 1.45 2018
176 Cambodia 1.21 2016
177 Madagascar 1.00 2012
178 Niger 0.41 2014

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.