Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Libya 67.80 2012
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 62.30 2015
3 Kiribati 61.80 2010
4 Jordan 60.40 2004
5 South Africa 59.30 2016
6 Lesotho 53.60 2008
7 Namibia 52.50 2016
8 St. Lucia 51.00 2016
9 Greece 50.70 2016
10 Macedonia 48.80 2016
11 Haiti 48.50 2003
12 Saudi Arabia 46.30 2016
13 Nauru 46.10 2002
14 Spain 44.90 2016
15 Iran 44.20 2016
16 Syrian Arab Republic 43.50 2010
17 Botswana 43.40 2010
18 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 43.00 1991
18 Swaziland 43.00 1995
20 Gabon 41.90 2010
21 Cabo Verde 41.80 1990
21 Tunisia 41.80 2012
23 Algeria 41.50 2014
24 Albania 40.80 2015
25 New Caledonia 40.00 2014
26 Italy 39.60 2016
27 Serbia 39.50 2016
28 Grenada 39.40 1998
29 Congo 39.20 2005
30 Egypt 38.60 2016
31 Jamaica 37.80 2016
32 Armenia 36.70 2015
33 San Marino 36.00 2016
34 Montenegro 34.70 2016
35 Yemen 34.60 2014
36 The Bahamas 32.20 2012
37 Cyprus 31.60 2016
37 Brazil 31.60 2016
39 Barbados 31.50 2016
40 Croatia 31.30 2016
40 Mali 31.30 2016
42 Mauritius 31.20 2016
42 Guyana 31.20 2002
44 Ethiopia 30.90 2016
45 Costa Rica 30.80 2016
46 Sri Lanka 29.20 2016
47 Georgia 28.90 2016
48 Portugal 28.80 2016
49 Uruguay 28.70 2016
50 Belize 28.40 2016
51 Brunei 28.10 2014
52 Monaco 27.90 2016
53 Tonga 27.00 1996
54 Slovak Republic 26.30 2016
55 Kenya 26.00 1999
56 Fiji 25.70 2014
57 Dominica 25.60 2001
58 Samoa 25.30 2014
59 France 24.10 2016
60 Turkey 23.50 2016
61 Dominican Republic 22.70 2015
62 Argentina 22.40 2014
63 Mongolia 22.20 2016
64 Venezuela 22.10 2012
65 Suriname 21.90 2015
66 Romania 21.80 2016
66 Ukraine 21.80 2015
66 United Arab Emirates 21.80 2008
69 Lebanon 21.60 2007
69 Antigua and Barbuda 21.60 2001
71 Colombia 21.40 2016
72 Zimbabwe 21.20 2014
73 Kyrgyz Republic 20.60 2016
74 Puerto Rico 20.30 2008
75 Finland 18.60 2016
76 Belgium 18.20 2016
77 Poland 18.00 2016
77 Luxembourg 18.00 2016
77 Chile 18.00 2016
80 Morocco 17.70 2014
81 Sweden 17.30 2016
82 The Gambia 17.20 2012
83 Russia 17.00 2015
84 Bulgaria 16.90 2016
85 Timor-Leste 16.70 2013
86 Angola 16.60 2011
87 Seychelles 16.20 2015
88 Panama 16.00 2016
89 Azerbaijan 15.80 2015
89 Zambia 15.80 2012
91 Peru 15.60 2016
92 Paraguay 15.50 2016
93 Indonesia 15.40 2016
94 Slovenia 14.70 2016
95 Ireland 14.60 2016
96 Ecuador 14.10 2016
96 Bangladesh 14.10 2016
98 New Zealand 13.40 2016
99 Honduras 13.10 2016
100 Nicaragua 13.00 2014
101 Hungary 12.90 2016
102 Bhutan 12.70 2015
102 Cameroon 12.70 2014
104 Burkina Faso 12.60 2014
104 Lithuania 12.60 2016
106 Singapore 12.50 2016
107 Bahrain 12.20 2012
108 Latvia 12.10 2016
109 India 12.00 2012
110 Moldova 11.70 2016
111 Nigeria 11.50 2013
112 Czech Republic 11.40 2016
112 Australia 11.40 2016
112 São Tomé and Principe 11.40 1991
112 Cayman Islands 11.40 2015
112 Malaysia 11.40 2016
117 Canada 11.30 2016
118 Vanuatu 11.20 2009
119 United Kingdom 11.10 2016
120 Denmark 10.90 2016
120 Malta 10.90 2016
122 Palau 10.60 2000
122 Estonia 10.60 2016
124 Korea 10.50 2016
125 Austria 10.20 2016
125 Netherlands 10.20 2016
127 El Salvador 10.10 2016
128 Kuwait 10.00 2005
129 St. Kitts and Nevis 9.80 2001
129 Trinidad and Tobago 9.80 2015
131 Pakistan 9.40 2015
132 United States 9.30 2016
132 Norway 9.30 2016
134 Philippines 9.20 2016
135 Israel 9.10 2016
135 Guatemala 9.10 2016
137 Mexico 8.80 2016
138 Comoros 8.60 2004
138 Bolivia 8.60 2015
140 Hong Kong SAR, China 8.50 2016
140 Malawi 8.50 2013
142 Switzerland 8.40 2016
143 Vietnam 7.50 2016
144 Mozambique 6.70 2015
145 Iceland 6.40 2016
146 Sierra Leone 6.10 2014
146 Germany 6.10 2016
148 Benin 6.00 2011
149 Cuba 5.60 2010
150 Senegal 5.50 2015
151 Côte d'Ivoire 5.10 2016
152 Ghana 5.00 2013
153 Guinea 4.80 2002
154 Tanzania 4.60 2014
155 Japan 4.50 2016
156 Kazakhstan 4.30 2013
157 Liberia 4.00 2010
158 Thailand 3.90 2015
159 Uganda 3.20 2013
160 Papua New Guinea 3.00 2010
161 Macao SAR, China 2.90 2016
162 Rwanda 2.50 2014
163 Togo 2.20 2011
164 Qatar 2.10 2016
165 Burundi 2.00 2014
166 Myanmar 1.80 2015
167 Nepal 1.60 2008
167 Lao PDR 1.60 2010
169 Cambodia 1.40 2012
170 Madagascar 1.00 2012
171 Niger 0.20 2011

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.